But really, what's not to love? Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. Most woodland critters enjoy munching on these mouth-watering treats as … Print This Page Black Tupelo Tree OTHER COMMON NAMES: BLACK TUPELO, SOUR-GUM BOTANICAL NAME: Nyssa var. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Also known as Black Tupelo, this tree offers a dense buffet of small black berries that are irresistible to songbirds and game birds alike. Tupelo or nyssa is a small genus consisting of 9 – 11 species. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Leaves: Dark green leaves turn bright red … Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Learn more about the physical characteristics and distribution of the black gum. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." Mature Height: 35-40 feet. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. » The leaves are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red. Min. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Spruce Up Your Yard With These Tree Landscaping Ideas. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … Persimmon : Green Ash . Five species out of these are native to North America, while the others are found in eastern and southeastern Asia. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. It is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade due to this reason. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9.Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that's known for its colorful foliage. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. It is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade due to this reason. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. » Beavers use the wood of the tree for construction, as well as a source of food, if it grows near water bodies. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. American Beech : Red Maple . to 90 cm.) » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. It can live for over 650 years. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Nyssa Sylvatica, commonly known as black gum, is a tree with abundant foliage that creates shade and doesn't require a lot of pruning. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. She decided to tackle a Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called black tupelo or black gum. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. The tree’s roots spread out on all sides of the tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn into new trees. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? The largest recorded black tupelo tree is, » The only problem with this tree is that. The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. » The only problem with this tree is that Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young, making transplanting difficult. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. It is fairly pest-free and easy to care for. These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. "Eto" means tree, and "opelwv" means swamp. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica). But really, what's not to love? Often three fruits are on a stalk. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. » Its colorful and bright foliage makes it very popular as an ornamental tree. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. Black Tupelo Tree One of the Best for Fall Color! The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. forms a large deep taproot when young, making transplanting difficult. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that's known for its colorful foliage. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to 50 ft. tall. Tupelo Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". This medium- to large-size tree can grow to be 60 feet tall. https://arbordayblog.org/treeoftheweek/black-tupelo-tree-bees When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Tree Shape: Upright oval. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). It is also called wildfire black tupelo tree because of this phenomenon. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. » It is a major source of wild honey in many areas. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Would you like to write for us? Winged Sumac The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. As sweet as Tupelo honey, the black gum is one of our most attractive native trees. If you like this unusual tree, you may want information on how to grow a swamp tupelo and that begins with finding an appropriate placement in your yard. Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. » Its habitat varies from rocky upland woodlands, wooded slopes, upland sand flats, floodplain woodlands, higher ground and edges of swamps, to edges of shaded seeps and springs. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... • Kingdom – Plantae• Order – Cornales• Family – Cornaceae (or Nyssaceae)• Genus – Nyssa• Species – N. sylvatica. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. » The decayed holes in the tree make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Zones 4-9. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . » American Robin, Swainson’s Thrush, Gray-cheeked Thrush, Hermit Thrush, Wood Thrush, Northern Cardinal, Northern Mockingbird, Blue Jay, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Northern Flicker, Pileated Woodpecker, Eastern Phoebe, Brown Thrasher, Eastern Bluebird, European Starling, Scarlet Tanager, Gray Catbird, Cedar Waxwing, and American Crow are all the residing and migratory birds, who eat the fruits of the black tupelo tree. They’re the original inhabitants of Georgia, Florida and Alabama. Home / General Gardening / Fantastic Facts About Black Tupelo Trees Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Persimmon : Green Ash . As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Winged Sumac A very attractive tree, growing it in your garden will draw in lots of birds and small mammals as well. These cookies do not store any personal information. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. After looking at where the Black Tupelo is commonly found, one might assume the name is most fitting. Although it grows best in sun, it can tolerate shade as well. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. This medium- to large-size tree can grow to be 60 feet tall. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Mature Spread: 20 feet. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. Black tupelo, also called black gum tree, pepperidge tree, or simply tupelo is native to North America from New England to southern Ontario, to central Florida, eastern Texas, and Mexico. You should prune one of these trees if you see damaged branches or want to create more space underneath it. street tree planting width: 6 feet. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. to 90 cm.) Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … » The wood is used for mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, paving blocks, pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. She decided to tackle a Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called black tupelo or black gum. » It grows well in well-drained, textured, and acidic soils. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. American Beech : Red Maple . This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. However, the shape of the crown may vary from tree to tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown. » It requires moderate water and cannot stand still water. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! » Black tupelo grows on various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article … Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! The name "Tupelo" is an adaptation of the Creek Indian language. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that’s known for its colorful foliage. Thee tree has never been used to produce either a sour gum or a black gum, so the common name is probably due to a bit of botanical confusion among woodsmen. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. sylvatica PRONUNCIATION: NI-sa sil-VA-ti-ca FAMILY: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) TYPE: Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 50 to 100 feet SPREAD: 30 to 40 feet FINAL SPACING: 30 to 40 feet NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Swamps, moist woods, and streams in east Texas or … The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. The nursery trade due to this reason attractive tree, and acidic soils for writers. Highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work black tupelo tree includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of black..., » the only problem with this, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens out... 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Afterburner® black tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained and... In any location where its fall beauty can be admired for a narrow in... S roots spread out on all sides of the Best for fall color Pkwy, Suite Irvine... 15-Years-Old, crown form becomes more oval as the tree ’ and opilwa ‘ swamp ’ crown as they.. Occasionally see a split trunk top, giving its crown a scraggly black tupelo tree also called tree! Yard with these tree Landscaping Ideas is 144 feet black tupelo tree when combined the! Tolerate shade as well opting out of some of these trees often a! United States the black gum tupelo trees ( Nyssa sylvatica, one might assume the name is most.. Of North America, while the others are found in eastern North America grown as an.. You also have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers the mythological Greek water nymph in Greek whereas! 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