Finally, while still holding Incheville with 'D Company', the Borders and Foresters were driven back, suffering casualties from heavy German mortaring and shelling. The division rapidly trained up but regular army soldiers were drafted in to bolster the ranks of the 51st, especially a unit of the Royal Artillery, the 23rd Field Regiment. The best of luck to you, and thanks again!. [13] 110 RAC was disbanded in 1943, and 5th Battalion, Border Regiment was reconstituted in April 1944 by redesignation of the 7th Battalion, a reserve battalion serving in 213th Infantry Brigade, originally created in 1939 as a 2nd Line duplicate of the 5th [14] [15] It spent the rest of the war as a training battalion, [16] assigned to the 45th Infantry Brigade, which was initially part of the 80th Infantry (Reserve) Division and then the 38th Infantry (Reserve) Division. There seems to be some accounts in the Public Records Office about what happened. This was a regimental formation of men drawn from the towns and villages of Cumberland and Westmorland: Carlisle, Penrith, Keswick, Grasmere, Longtown, Brampton, Hexham, Alston and many others. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment to form the Lancashire Regiment which was, in 1970, merged with the Loyal Regiment to form the Queen's Lancashire Regiment. The 1st Battalion The Border Regiment were part of the 2nd Division at Aldershot in September 1939, and were amongst the first troops to cross the Channel on the outbreak of war.I In April 1940,42 (East Lancashire) Division TA, joined the B.E.F., and 1 Border joined 5 Border in this Division. These messages were added to this story by site members between June 2003 and January 2006. At one time or another these units were part of the garrison: 1st Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (Machine Guns) The bravery of the 51 st Highlanders and the bond they forged with French Armoured Division while fighting at Abbeville played an important part in General Charles de Gaulle’s decision to continue the war and lead the Free French forces, fighting on the side of the Allies. If your French is rusty that might be a problem, but it can be overcome. First published in 2010, 'Forgotten Voices Dunkirk' is another in the 'Forgotten Voices' series drawing from the oral history archives held by the IWM, and focusses on the events leading up to, during and after the evacuation of the defeated British Army from Dunkirk in 1940. As the name suggests, the division recruited in the Home Counties, particularly Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. If you can find these people I am sure they will share it with you as a relative. Anyway, we can but try! Battalions of the King's Own saw service all over the world during the Second World War. The Royal Sussex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1966. In 1970, the regiment was amalgamated with the Lancashire Regiment to form the Queen's Lancashire Regiment which was, in 2006, amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the King's Regiment to form the Duke of Lancaster Regiment. at Dunkirk Corporal Ivan Frank Renwick (1919 - 2013) from the Cleator Moor area of Cumbria served in the Army during the Second World War. Another of the companies reached the north bank of the Somme and were engaged in mortar machine gun and rifle exchanges with the Germans. After being earmarked for support in General Archibald Wavell's offensive 'Battleaxe' the next departure was for the Syrian campaign. WW2 Border Regiment Section. In 1947, it moved to Somaliland and in 1947 to Palestine, returning to the UK in 1950. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army. Find out more about the site contributors. ... Dunkirk along the line of the Aa Canal, facing the Allied defensive line near Watten. The battalion, which had gone to Sicily with a strength of 796 officers and men, returned to North Africa with just 200. The South Lancashire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958. In 1944, the entire division was broken up to become part of Brigadier Orde Wingate's 'Special Force' (the Chindits) and took part in the 2nd Chindit expedition in Burma, before finally returning to the United Kingdom in 1945. The regiment was formed on 1 July 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. public. Indeed, there is a little about this period in the book, which must also be based on the War Diaries and personal testimony only a couple of yearas after the end of the war. Alongside the Borders were the 4th 'Buffs' who ran into bombardment in the streets of Fécamp. 51st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery referenced. "Now little remembered, regarded and even by-passed in the history of the time, there were men who fought on in France after the main force of the B.E.F. In this role, the battalion went to North Africa in May 1943 and in July it took part in Operation Ladbroke, part of the Allied invasion of Sicily, in which the battalion suffered heavy casualties, with some gliders being cast off too early due to inexperienced pilots and, as a result, many men were drowned. To view and read about a British helmet recovered from a cellar in the town of Cassel, click here. As darkness fell and both battalions having prevented the German attempt at encirclement, they moved out on the road to Goderville and finally to the woods and port of Le Havre. those of the BBC. Any information would be much appreciated. It was formally disbanded in 1953. Under the reforms, each line infantry regiment was to have a defined regimental district, with two regular battalions sharing a single permanent depot. [2] Detachments of these battalions saw service in the Boer War of 1899 – 1902, and a 3rd Volunteer Battalion was raised in 1900. Find out how you can use this. ”The Nameless War” by Captain Ramsay [How Zionists use revolutions to destroy the Gentiles] – John de Nugent’s audio and online versions of the 1952 masterpiece by a British WWI hero, Member of Parliament — and Churchill’s irate political prisoner for 4.5 years in Brixton Prison! The 4th Battalion The Border Regiment had been guarding the Lines of Communications i… 170th Brigade was a 2nd-Line infantry formation of the British Territorial Force raised during the First World War that served on the Western Front. The Loyal Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1970. I will try to have it completed for contribution in advance of the imminent closure. 1. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968. One of these brigades of infantry was named the 23rd Brigade and attached to the 1st Armoured Division. The 4th Border group that took the train was headed by Captain J.L. Ireland, Channel Islands and Malta 1881–1890, 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion, 1909–1919: Maj-Gen. William John Chads, CB, 1936–1947: Brig-Gen. George Hyde Harrison, DSO. These patrols included the entering of the Vichy French village of Mergyioun and taking prisoners. One month after the invasion began the Germans finally accomplished what they had failed to do after four years of protracted warfare in the earlier war. They were highly thought of by the Australian troops and the commander, General Leslie Morshead. The regiment was created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot and 69th Regiment of Foot to form the Welsh Regiment, by which it was known until 1920 when it was renamed the Welch Regiment. The regiment saw service in many conflicts and wars, including the Second Boer War and both the First and Second World Wars. Hello Joseph, Disembarking, they moved to El Quassasin by rail. So, all the units of the 70th Division were glad to take the airfield. [6], The 2nd Battalion was in Italy at the end of the First World War, remaining there until 1919. Ervine-Andrews was leading a company of the 1st Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment, defending 1,000 yards of line along the Canal de Bergues in front of Dunkirk. Capt. The Border Regiment was amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment on 1 October 1959. This would have prevented later train traffic. In any case, I hope you find out what happened. My email address is david05803@yahoo.co.uk and I would really appreciate any information to that address post the closure. Next day the force moved North to regroup. The fighting took place in Picardy, Artois and finally in Normandy. History. WO 169 / 1705 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment The men continued to wear their Border Regiment cap badge on the black beret of the RAC, as did all infantry units converted in the same way. The Manchester Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1958. Y Gatrawd 4ydd o Glwy'r Traed- The 4th Regiment of Foot (1651) 5. The Welch Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969. Fighting in the Forest continued for two days in support of the 5th Sherwood Foresters. The regiment saw service in the Second Boer War, and both World War I and World War II. Again, the problem is finding the right person. At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. The fighting continued all day in the beautiful spring day until nightfall when all the companies withdrew, taking numbers of prisoners with them. An uncle of mine was killed along with more than 800 others in an air attack on trains in Rennes, Monday 17th June. 2nd Battalion, Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment Having read the contribution you have made on behalf of Mr Hutchinson I see a mention of a rail journey through Rennes and arrival in Southampton 18th June 1940 (Tuesday). It provided a great boost to British morale, but left the remaining French to stand alone against a renewed German assault southwards. The regiment was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot and 59th Regiment of Foot with the militia and rifle volunteer units of eastern Lancashire. [11], The 4th Battalion was a 1st Line Territorial Army unit, originally assigned to the 126th Infantry Brigade, 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division. The following article has been submitted to the BBC "People's War" website on behalf of Mr Hutchinson. On November 1st 1938, German troops entered the Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia, occupying the entire region with almost no resistance from the Czech forces – only 3rd Battalion of the 8th Border Regiment briefly resisted advancing German troops before being ordered to lay down their weapons by the Czech High Command. On the retreat of the German / Italian Forces, the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment occupied the airfield of El Adem. At this point I should mention that the 51st Regiment of the Royal Field Artillery, comprising of men from Carlisle and all over Cumberland were present during the whole of the siege. The Luftwaffe harassed the evacuation which is when your uncle was unfortunately killed. Anyway, I hope this helps you, David. There were varying degrees of success. Like the 1st and 4th battalions, it was also evacuated at Dunkirk. The two regular battalions were stationed as follows: The militia and rifle volunteers of Cumberland and Westmorland also became reserve battalions of the regiment in 1881: The Royal Cumberland Regiment of Militia and the Royal Westmorland Regiment of Militia became the 3rd and 4th Battalions respectively, while the rifle volunteers became the 1st (Cumberland) and 2nd (Westmorland) Volunteer Battalions. Part of the new brigade was the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment. Here in the Basse Forêt d'Eu, supported by the artillery of the 51st Highland Division. Based in County Mayo, the battalion had few casualties, and returned to England at the end of the conflict in 1922. Obtaining information from official sources seems to be quite difficult. Under the reforms, each line infantry regiment was to have a defined regimental district, with two regular battalions sharing a single permanent depot. This story has been placed in the following categories. You should be able to get hold of a book in English entitled 'Finest Hour' by Tim Clayton and Phil Craig (1999), Hodder & Stoughton. The Home Counties Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908. The 5th Battalion was converted to armour as the 110th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps. By now part of the 6th British Division, the 4th Battalion of the Border Regiment were moved back to the Western Desert. IT IS DONE! Unfortunately, this book doesn't specifically mention the train incident that your uncle lost his life. Most of the content on this site is created by our users, who are members of the Part of the new brigade was the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment. The Drum was only returned to the Regiment after it had been kept as a war trophy at the SS Marine and Panzer Grenadier Guards Barracks in Holstein. [19], The Border Regiment and its successors have a gallery at Cumbria's Museum of Military Life in Alma Block, Carlisle Castle. The Sherwood Foresters was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for just under 90 years, from 1881 to 1970. A soldier from the 2/4th Battalion is listed as serving in the 4th Battalion. www.cumbriasmuseumofmilitarylife.org. When the ’breakout’ came, more aggressive raids began, until they were relieved by the Polish Carpathian Division. But even so, the fighting patrols still went out, many of them at night. [17], The 50th (Holding) Battalion was raised in June 1940. They became part of Brigadier Orde Wingate’s ‘Chindit’ Long Range Penetration (LRP) groups. It would be almost impossible for me to source documentary evidence of kinship to my grand-uncle George. Here, the 6th British Division was relieving the Australians who had been besieged there since the previous April and who had inflicted the very first defeat of German arms on land. The regiment was created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 38th Regiment of Foot and the 80th Regiment of Foot. Leaving the desert, the 70th Division, including the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment, were now went to India and Burma. Thank you for your detailed reply to my query and I await any further information. An account of the visit is contributed to WW2 People’s War. Joe Hardy - Border Regiment -served at Dunkirk, North Africa and Sciily, won the MC at Arnhem. Exhausted, the 4th Battalion of the Border Regiment set sail. The regiment provided troops for the Imperial Yeomanry during the Second Boer War and served on the Western Front in the First World War, latterly as infantry. It deals with the experiences of the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment during World War Two. Both Battalions were heavily engaged in the German Blitzkrieg of May 1940, which ended in the successful evacuation from Dunkirk. In 1970, the regiment was amalgamated with the Worcestershire Regiment to form the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment, which in 2007 was amalgamated with the Cheshire Regiment and the Staffordshire Regiment to form the present Mercian Regiment. During the daylight hours, shelling of the British positions in Raschid-el-Fokkar was continuous. © Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. [9]. I sourced a 1960 local newspaper article, in French, which gives the best account of June 1940 events in Rennes that I have so far found. The German invaders over-ran Rennes on Tuesday 18th June and currently I have an account of their initial arrival and occupation in translation. In 1951, the battalion moved to Egypt and in 1955 to Germany, where it remained for the rest of its existence. The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland. I know what you mean about the problems of getting information, David, when you are not either the person who served in the Forces or their Next of Kin. All the RAF and British troops were tehn withdrawn, and there was this mad dash to get to the ports. 'D Company' held on to Incheville for several days until they ran short of ammunition. They were an ordinary Infantry Battalion, cut off from the main body of the British Expeditionary Force. Then, after yet another railway journey, this time at night, they arrived at Brest. However, as I was in the Cumbria Archives Office today I went to check a reference book I knew was in there with a little about 4th Border Regiment in WW2 ('The Story of the Border Regiment' by Philip J. Shears). In that year, it moved to Ireland, where the War of Independence had broken out. Have a look at pages 181-187. From Brest, they went by ship to Southampton, where they arrived on the morning of June 18th 1940. 1st Battalion, Border Regiment VERA's main section portrays the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment during World War 2. The days 16 - 18 June 1940 were really vital to what happened in France, because it was when De Gaulle was trying to get the French Government to continue fighting the war, and Pétain took over and asked the Germans for an Armistice. It saw action in the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War: By 1919, all the war-formed battalions had been disbanded and the system of rotating the two regular battalions had resumed. Bren gun carriers of the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment move through Orchies near the Franco-Belgian border. In the meantime, I've had a look through your postings, and also the CWGC website about their cemetery at Rennes. The third element would be a screen of infantry divisions on the border dug in with, of course, lots of mines. After withdrawal, the Unit moved Northwards, their lines of communication being constantly dive-bombed by the Germans. The railway complex at Rennes was bombed during mid morning Monday 17th June. Postscript. The territorial 5th Battalion and 56th Anti-Tank Regiment (the old 4th Battalion) went across to France and Belgium in 1940, along with the newly raised 6th Battalion, 7th Battalion, 8th Battalion and 9th Battalion.All were involved in the actions in May 1940 and were successfully evacuated through Dunkirk. [7], The 3rd (Reserve) Battalion was placed in "suspended animation" following the war, and was never embodied again. My feeling is that someone in the Rennes area will have researched the people who died on 17 June. One of his comrades in the regiment, ... was amongst those who were lucky to be successfully evacuated from Dunkirk, following the German Blitzkrieg that had pushed the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) back to the sea. During the siege, after being the Western Desert Force the Division became the 70th British Division. To be perfectly honest, until this last year when I have been a volunteer story-gatherer for this "People's War" project, most of the WW2 research I have done has been in France, and a little bit in Belgium and the Netherlands. I think he was one of the Burgess newspaper family so he may have written his memoirs somewhere. Line of Communication troops were brigaded together as infantry to act as support to those two Divisions. Apart from a brief spell in Shanghai in 1927, it remained in the United Kingdom until 1936, when it moved to Palestine to suppress the Arab revolt. The regiment was formed in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot and the 108th Regiment of Foot. The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years. [6] [10], In July 1957, the Defence White Paper outlined a substantial reduction in the size of the British Army, with a number of regiments being amalgamated. Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. It mentions that Churchill and the Ministry of Information kept the disaster of this evacuation quiet at that time. 28 October Arroyo Day Commemorates an action in Spain when the 34th Foot captured the Drums of their French opposite numbers. To view and read about a French Military Postcard posted from Dunkirk on 24th May 1940, click here. 271943 and accredited under the Arts Council of England Accreditation Scheme. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester), Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border), List of battalions of the Border Regiment §. Occupying the village of Kiam in the central sector, the battalion were engaged in patrolling. In 2006, the Queen's Lancashire was further amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the King's Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. Personal information on file in military records on individual soldiers is only available to the soldier himself or to next of kin. [2] [3] [4] The outbreak of the Second Anglo-Boer War in 1899 found the British Army overstretched, and the 1st Battalion was one of many "home service" units dispatched to fight in the conflict. It was also atthis time that the 'Lancastria' was hit. [6] [10], The 2nd Battalion returned to England in 1946. Often for this kind of enquiry I've asked at the Town Hall and someone there can usually know where to start or who to contact. Moving out from the Brittany towns of Brest, Morlaix and St Malo, and then finally arriving at Aumale, the 4th Border was allotted the task of capturing three bridges west of Amiens on the River Somme. [2] In April 1939, when it seemed clear war was likely to break out with Germany, the TA was doubled in size, with each existing unit forming a duplicate. [2], In common with other infantry regiments, the Border Regiment was increased in size for the duration of the 1914–1918 war by the creation of additional battalions, either by the duplication of the existing territorial units or by the raising of new "service" battalions. In the next few years, the 2nd Battalion was on garrison duty at various locations: Malta, The Sudan, Tientsin in China and Rawalpindi in India. The Battalion saw action at Colenso and Spion Kop as part of the campaign to relieve Ladysmith. Now, with some air cover, the Battalion reached the shelter of woods on the outskirts of that town, 'Radio Normandie' being situated there. However, the battalion left the brigade in November 1939, and was assigned to the newly raised 25th Infantry Brigade and served from 1939–40 in France on lines of communication duties before becoming part of the ill-fated "2nd BEF" that tried to maintain a presence in France after Dunkirk, finally leaving from the Cherbourg peninsular. The regiment was shifted to the Dutch border for the launch of Fall Gelb. Subsequently, in March 1941, the men of the 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment left on the troopship H.M.T. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not The battalion did not see active service for the rest of the war. The section has been taking part in reenactment / living history events since the early 1990's and is the main focus of VERA. In 1939 the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment, left their Aldershot barracks for France as part of the British Expeditionary Force. If we have to pull a Dunkirk, that would be "bad." During that night, and still under constant harassment, embarkation took place on to ships and Naval craft. 'Orontes' bound for Suez. The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960. It was believed that this was the infantry of the 7th German Panzers. The Battalion was part of the force that suppressed the Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. In September 1944, it fought in Operation Market Garden, a failed opening of an attempt to liberate the Netherlands and invade Germany before the end of 1944. Soon, in the middle of recuperation from the long and arduous journey, enemy tanks appeared on the ridge above the woods. Unfortunately for this account I do not have contact details for Mr Hutchinson personally. At first they headed towards Dieppe. Whilst in Africa, it spent some time fighting the Africa Korps, including taking part in the relief of Tobruk before being posted to British India in 1942–1943. His service number was 3601475. The problem at this time is that there is only just over a week before the site is closing down for furter postings! Many men from 'D Company' of the Borders were killed or captured. However the Regiment can trace its history back over a hundred years prior to this. The Border Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. 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