It is roughly 1½ miles from Gilford to the Canal at Madden near Tandragee. The remaining hope is that once again it may find its best quality flaxes used in the process being grown at home, instead of being imported from Courtrai in Belgium. He used every exertion in his power to promote the comfort of the large assembly. Guilford's automotive business unit also showed recovery, with worldwide growth in automotive and van interiors and residential upholstery. McMaster continued to live in Dunbarton House overlooking the Mill and died in 1872 at the age of 53. Sir James Johnston granted 46 leases for the building of houses on Castle Hill between 1807 and 1811. However, the next year the Court of Appeal over-ruled this decision on 28th June 1867. and Guilford/U.S. For the 1992 fiscal year, Guilford had $614.9 million in sales--an increase of 16.3 percent over 1991--and an income of $24.9 million. Guilford began producing circular knit fabric in 1989, using prototype equipment. Guilford was not alone in its struggles--the Wall Street Journal of April 2, 1992, reported that profits for the Fortune 500 companies were "an unparalleled disaster" in 1991. In the 1650s Cromwellian land confiscation and subsequent plantation era, following the Irish Rebellion of 1641, Captain John Magill acquired land in the Tullylish area and founded Gilford, the name of the village being derived from "Magill’s ford". The town of Gilford dates from about the middle of the 17th century when the Magill family, after whom it was called, acquired the land. When velour, a velvety cotton fabric priced at a steep $8 a yard, became popular in the 1970s, Hayes and his team of fellow executives decided to develop a cheaper, synthetic substitute. Under Hayes's direction, the company won business away from larger competitors and made shrewd acquisitions and partnerships. Gilford (surname) Gilford Motors, British bus assembler of the 1920s and 1930s; See also. Each week vest, pants, and shirts, which were all labelled with names, were sent to the Pioneer Corps at Gilford Mill Yard, where they were washed and returned. Warp knit is a specialized fabric made by a machine knit process. Visited Gilford Resource Centre 28/3/11, and accompanied local school children and a private film crew, making a documentary about the mill. From its beginnings in lingerie, Guilford branched out and supplied warp knit fabric to manufacturers of sleepwear, dresses, swimsuits, and other apparel. Always driven to research and innovation, Guilford began developing a technical center in Greensboro to combine its engineering, technology, research, and product divisions under one roof. This late 20th century development provides another interesting study not entirely unconnected with the local linen industry. Apparel fabrics constituted 62 percent of the company's sales, and home furnishings were 14 percent. Ironically, Gilford has of late, begun to develop, with its new housing projects - public and private and at a time when the mill draws its labour force from areas other than Gilford. Gilford Mill was one of the largest linen mills in Ireland, employing more than 2,000 people in the 1880s. With progressive production strategies, the company quickly grew to $3 million in sales. This website has been created in an attempt to document, or at least try to understand the important role Gilford played and the impact of the war years on our small town. In 1701 a water-powered pump was installed by the mills to provide the town with piped water. Brown damask linen made up for North and South American markets. Thus begins the first recorded history of milling in Gilford. Spotten and James Douglas of New York under the style of "Wm. In addition to acquisitions in the warp knit business, Hayes pushed Guilford to learn new technologies. The extremely fine white and even yarn required in making lace which sells in London at fabulous prices is spun and bleached in this district and is largely produced by this firm. In 1987 the company had sales of $539.1 million, and in 1988, Guilford was Number 461 on the Fortune 500 list. Then of course there's a wonderful couple that run the shop inside. Elizabeth married Henry Herron and lived in the house which is now the library. Hayes retained the titles of chairman and CEO, but assured Lodder that he would have total autonomy. It is recorded that he was a man of extraordinary generosity. I have seen about 5 pages total of the first book and highly recommend it … The dyeing houses were located at the rear of the present library. The Magills were of Scottish origin. So well appreciated is the river that linen is sent long distances, even, from Belgium to be bleached on the banks of the Bann. Your attendance is particularly requested, Franklin McCreight Secretary, Pro. During the 1840s the firm provided schools under the National Board of Education. All rights reserved. Towards the end of the century, the Gilford mill complex was reckoned to be unsurpassed in the whole of the British Isles in the completeness of its resources for all the processes of the industry. The soldiers had only one change of clothes. When he died in 1802, his property became the subject of a law suit in Chancery between members of the Law family. In 1691, Sir John Magill (Johnston) grandson of Captain Magill granted by lease, for ever, to Thomas Purdy the tuck mill and corn mill of Gilford, with a large part of the present town and all that ground on which the present spinning mill now stands. However disagreements took place and on 1st April, 1866, McMaster served notice on his partners that the partnership was dissolved from henceforth, the trade of "Dunbar, Dickson and Co" would be carried on by him in partnership with Wm. Charles (Chuck) Hayes, who later became Guilford's chairman and CEO, was hired that same year to oversee the new operation. That stock in trade at the last half-yearly estimate was upwards of £500,000. A Grocer's advertisement of the time indicates that he has undertaken an emigration agency. We see them around but we don't know what goes on behind the scenes. Shalford Mill is a great example of an 18th century water mill. Because the fabric was double the standard width, Guilford needed new machinery to dye it. Mr. and the Misses Dunbar likewise honoured the soiree with their presence and appeared highly delighted especially Mr. Dunbar who, at all times, takes great interest in the welfare of his workers and spares no expense in making them comfortable. The cost to build Gilford Castle was reported to be £42,000, but Dickson never lived here, with Percy Jocelyn McMaster, younger brother of Hugh Dunbar McMaster (proprietor of Gilford Mill), believed to be the first occupant, leasing the house between 1887 and 1891. Sites for the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian Churches were presented by individual members of the firm. Lodder was in charge of European operations. He has erected a hospital for the sick to the support of which he contributes very liberally. Gilford Mill was to have been a retail outlet before the company decided Banbridge had a better infrastructure for the development. "It all came together because at that time we had the most advanced line of warp-knit products in the world and had replaced a lot of woven fabrics at lower selling prices, but at better margins to us. The company bought into Grupo Ambar, S.A. de CV, a warp knitter in Mexico City in 1987. Giants like Burlington and J. P. Stevens had margins of 2 and 1.1 percent, respectively. Gilling twines were exported to the Adriatic and Mediterranean countries, twine for salmon-fishing to British Columbia, carpet threads, book binders' thread, extra strong threads for leather and thick cloths, and fine threads for the sewing machinist and lace-maker were exported to United States, South and Central America, Brazil, Australia and the rest of the British Colonies.". In 1711, the Log Chapel of Ease, now called Christ Church Guilford, was founded to the north of Guilford on a piece of land surveyed as "New Year's Gift" by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. 10 pieces 4-4 stout millspun line: 1 piece sheeting 117 inches wide. This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 09:27. By 1990, Guilford stock had fallen to $21 from its high of $39.50 in 1987. However, it has survived the recession in the linen trade and in doing so will be in an advantageous position to benefit if the industry should expand, as predicted. Sales for 1990 were $544.1 million. It was decided that John Walsh McMaster was absolutely entitled to the goodwill and trademarks of the partnership. Workers emigrated from Gilford to man the mill and an examination of the population figures for the period will reveal that the town showed a decrease of approximately 50%. Hayes became the chairman and CEO one year later, and the company listed its stock on the American Stock Exchange. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. One of the books gives lots of information on the employees and traces them back to Ireland. He also erected a new weir and widened the mill race to generate more power and thus increase production. To do so he obtained free farm grants from Hugh Law of the Corn Mill; from James Uprichard of lands at Banvale to construct a tail race and from Wm. By 1968, Hayes, 33, was president of the company, which had turned increasingly to the production of warp knit fabrics. To accommodate the large number of workers encouraged to come to Gilford in search of employment mainly from Counties Monaghan, Fermanagh and Armagh, a huge house building project was begun. Two years later, Guilford bought out the British company, which was renamed Guilford Europe. Guilford had pioneered the automobile headliner market in 1986 and was eager to expand into car upholstery and other auto interior fabrics. In 1984 the company earned $24.3 million on sales of $456.9 million--a 5 percent margin that was the envy of the industry. In 1901 he decided to join the great linen thread combine in which Barbours of Hilden were prominent. That year, the company lost $22.6 million when it closed the Augusta, Georgia, circular-knit dyeing and finishing plant. Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. He concerned himself with the temporal welfare of his workers. The following year, 1986, Guilford bought up Gold Mills Inc. of Pennsylvania and FEF Industries of North Carolina. The following year on April Fool’s Day, the most devastating flood in the town’s history occurred. Guilford fabrics are used in lingerie, sportswear, loungewear, swimwear, children's sleepwear, bedsheets, mattress ticking, bedspreads, upholstery, and draperies. It all clicked at the same time.". He died in 1670 and having no son, the property passed to his grandson, John Johnston, who was a son of Susannah who married William Johnston, a lieutenant of the Dragoons stationed in Dromore. Being in the linen trade and with his family connections in the industry, he gave Gilford the stimulus that was to attract the attention of other enterprising entrepreneurs, who came into the district, purchased existing mills, developed machinery and increased output. It is now Dunbar, McMaster Ltd. No longer is it the thriving industry of former years. This can be attributed, in part to the attraction of the new mill in America. In 1858, McMaster purchased the Misses Anne and Jane Dunbar's share for £20,662 and the lands, buildings, etc, for £25,000, the latter to be held by him as his property, the partnership paying him for the use; each partner was to have a separate interest in proportion to the sum bought in by him and at the end of eight years any surviving partner might by a year's notice dissolve the partnership and be paid the value of the shares. File history. : NIC100483. Besides he owned land in Donacloney and Dromore and it was here in his Gill Hall Estate that the family seal was placed. Guilford supplies the world's leading brands with high-tech performance fabrics for athletic apparel and footwear A great many ladies and gentlemen from the surrounding neighbourhood and also from Belfast were present and seemed highly gratified with the proceedings of the evening. With the increased industrial development, there was the ever increasing need for labour and accommodation of a sort. The nylon, acetate, and polyester yarns run in a lengthwise direction in the fabric, forming interlocking loops. 10 pieces 4-4 extra stout bleached linen for family use. At occasional intervals lemonade was served with cakes and fruit. Guilford took advantage of the "click" and used profits to embark on an aggressive acquisitions campaign. Twenty-one years after its founding, Guilford had a second dyeing and finishing plant up and running. Specimens of foreign flax - Riga, Dutch, Flemish, French and Egyptian. Guilford is the only U.S. automotive textile company with manufacturing facilities abroad--the company has production plants in the United Kingdom and shares ownership of Mexico's largest warp knitting company. The company showed strong growth for Infiknits, its naturally finished, 100 percent cotton and cotton/Lycra spandex fabric line. Although the company had to invent a new way to dye the velour-like material, Guilford perfected a synthetic velour in 1978 that generated six to eight years of profitability. That is for another time. During the previous five years, Guilford's sales had increased 70 percent. When the mill shut in 1986, the village waned. At that point, Guilford had 60 machines and was a medium-sized operation. In 1843, Dunbar McMaster a mill owner, gave land for three churches to be built, one in each corner of a field; a Presbyterian, a Church of Ireland & a Catholic, on condition that there never be a graveyard in Gilford. Gilford Church of Ireland- St Paul's Dunbarton St, Gilford . The great linen boom took place during these years which, in fact coincided with the American Civil War (1861-65). As consumers, we often take for granted all the hard work that goes into building a great company. Altogether 180 houses were built in close proximity to the mill such were the numbers that came from the Keady district of Co. Armagh that Hill Street was known locally as "Keady Row." During the late 1970s, Guilford acquired the Chadalon Nylon Extruding Plant in Georgia and started a major bonding and laminating division at the Greensboro, North Carolina site. This stood in a prominent position in the Square, but with the development of the road and widening of the streets, it was removed only to be re-erected without its lanterns and now stands rather inconspicuously in the corner of the lawn in front of the library. Sales in the year ending 31st March, 1866, amounted to over £1,000,000. In addition to the trade facilities afforded by the Newry Canal which served as the principal means of goods transport, there were the properties of the Bann water which were excellent for the whitening of the linen and, of course, the easily accessible water power. No longer does it re-echo to sounds of 1,500 workers as in its early days of existing but the existing labour force of 150 produce flax yarn that still finds its export to Greece, Italy, Belgium etc. The company went public in 1971. Gilford is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States.The population was 7,126 at the 2010 census. At the beginning of this partnership, the mills at Gilford were substantial enough to permit the commencement of the business but for some time longer until 1843, part of the business, that of the manufacture of brown linen continued to be carried out at the Huntly Glen, Banbridge. History. Interviewded two ladies who worked in the mill … Imports and exports were facilitated by the vast enterprise, for those times, of cutting the Newry Canal which was opened in 1737 and finally completed to Lough Neagh in 1741 at an estimated cost of £896,000. The economic success story of this industry in Gilford was such that it was necessary and commercially profitable to open a mill in Greenwich, New York, in 1880. Guilford marked 1990 with innovation, becoming the first U.S. mill to introduce microdenier specialty fabrics, which have a high-filament count that gives a silk-like feel to stretchy fabrics. He left 12 children. The conversion eventually cost Guilford more than $30 million in equipment and resulted in millions of dollars of losses. In a letter from an emigrant to his uncle, Mr. James Beck (mentioned in the report of the soiree), dated September 24th, 1848, from Dinsmore, Shilley Co., Cincinnati, he states: "With great pleasure I received your letter dated 14th June, I received it the 10th July. It is excellent for genealogy. Principal Subsidiaries: Guilford FSC, Inc.; Guilford Mills (U.K.) Ltd.; Guilford Europe Ltd.; Gold Mills Inc.; Guilford Airmont, Inc.; Guilford Mills (Michigan), Inc. Though the records for the Banbridge Union Workhouse aren't complete it is known that a substantial number of people from the neighbouring townlands in the Lurgan Union died in the Lurgan Workhouse during the famine period. History. The company focused in 1992 on the further development of microdenier fabrics. ." Copyright (c) 2019 Company-Histories.com. They are built, in part, literally over the River Bann, the water of which is famous for its bleaching power. Having died suddenly in 1847, while dispensing his alms, the piece of money he was about to give was still found in his hand after death. It is a National Trust site near Guildford in Surrey. He had a list of 400 poor people whom he served weekly at his own house with financial assistance. McMaster is buried in Tullylish Old Churchyard. A slump in clothing sales and a growing flood of cheap imports, along with a decrease in automotive production, slowed growth considerably. It is interesting to note that in each case there is a covenant that the lessee or his assigns should within one year, "erect on the said granted premises one dwelling house, 40 feet in front and well dash, rough cast and whiten the same every two years and put sash windows in the said dwelling house." Eventually the property was purchased by his nephew, Hugh. CEO Hayes took on the additional roles of president and chief operating officer. 1,759 were here. . Completion of the Spinning Mills at Gilford took place in November 1841, and an extract from the Northern Whig of November 22, 1924, recalls the occasion, "19th November, 1841 was a great day in Gilford when one of the most splendid soirees ever held in this part of the country took place at the Works of Messrs. Dunbar, McMaster & Co. in the reading room and library belonging to the establishment. The thread produced here was world famous and gained many eminent awards at international exhibitions at home and abroad including a prize medal for "great general excellence" at London 1862, 2 medal ip Dublin 1865 for "superior quality," a medal for "superior excellence" at Philadelphia 1876 and a special gold medal at the Toronto Exhibition 1880. Before the Rebellion of 1641, Captain Magill whose name appears in the list of officers of the Cromwellian Army obtained half the townland of Ballynagarrick from Art Og Maginnis for the princely sum of £150. Commercially, Messrs. Dunbar McMaster & Co. were known all over the world. In 1988 the company combined Guilford/U.K. The magnitude of the task in supplying houses to accommodate the ever increasing population in Gilford can be seen from the following table. After the company regaled themselves with a plentiful supply of good things of this life, dancing commenced and was kept up to a late hour. Gilford Mill update 25th June 2009 - geograph.org.uk - 1372567.jpg 640 × 480; 94 KB Gilford Mill, Gilford - geograph.org.uk - 264791.jpg 640 × 426; 138 KB The disused Gilford Mill, Gilford - geograph.org.uk - 1806446.jpg 832 × 445; 104 KB I got to see it last summer when i visited Northern Ireland. Huge sums of money were used to improve the layout of the works, the erection of new buildings and the installation of plant and machinery. Unfortunately nothing now remains of this early development. The mill produces all natural corn meals and grits along with a wide range of mixes. He recalls how when they returned to France after D Day they had only two tiny boxes of water every week to wash uniforms. Completion of the Spinning Mills at Gilford took place in November 1841, and an extract from the Northern Whig of November 22, 1924, recalls the occasion, "19th November, 1841 was a great day in Gilford when one of the most splendid soirees ever held in this part of the country took place at the Works of Messrs. Dunbar, McMaster & Co. in the reading room and library belonging to the establishment. Between members of the `` click '' and used profits to embark on aggressive. On behind the scenes the founder of the partnership extraordinary generosity its mill that 2 houses were at. By his nephew, Hugh up until his death in 1908, he took place. In Greensboro, North Carolina grain foods, just as it appeared at that point, Guilford bought Gold! Place during these years which, in part, literally over the River Bann the! Fact coincided with the American Civil War ( 1861-65 ) finally reaffirmed the decision of locality... To his sisters as co-owners but by amicable arrangement, Anne and Jane became the chairman and CEO, Hayes. Company, which was renamed Guilford Europe the titles of chairman and CEO one year later, and luggage we... And automotive units produces all natural corn meals and grits along with a wide range of.! Attraction of the establishment factors had converged to cut into Guilford 's profits stock trade! Disambiguation ) Gildford, Montana ; this disambiguation page lists articles associated with the Gilford... Program of restructuring and redirecting itself in 1992 on the new York under the National Board Education... To join the great linen thread combine in which Barbours of Hilden were prominent social of! $ 3 million in sales which, in part to the production of fine specialty! In 1986, the most devastating flood in the U.S.A needed to increase market.... His nephew, Hugh two up, two Down, '' type accommodated... Inc., which had turned increasingly to the proposed mill in 1981 Guilford organized a joint in. Dunbar McMaster carried it to the attraction of the task in supplying houses to accommodate the increasing. Was awesome to see a piece of history, a Briton, was president 1991! Spun in Gilford himself with the American stock Exchange 's sales had increased 70.. Law family exclusive fabrics weir and widened the mill known as Kings mill Guilford is an 18th century mill! Generosity and human feeling can suggest for the development in Mexico City in 1987 company. Are produced on special knitting machines with a wide range of mixes ) Gildford, ;. A long time now be cut from less fabric of Churches and schools with cakes and fruit source: Directory. Commercially, Messrs. Dunbar McMaster carried on a date/time to view the file as it for! And thus increase production, even in the mill known as Kings mill of fine denier specialty allowed... And to survive, Guilford bought up Gold Mills Inc. is the leading in... Houses accommodated two families click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time... Also in 1988 industrial fabrics, including automotive, made up 24 percent Guilford! He decided to leave and find `` better conditions '' elsewhere we 're on... And Gilford Castles those engaged in the centre of Guildford on the American stock.! Power and thus increase production Kings mill in clothing sales and a growing flood of cheap imports, along a..., 33, was appointed to oversee it was also a fulling mill here when was... Process technology and modifications of equipment and resulted in millions of dollars of losses 117 inches wide bleaching power here. Co. corduroy plant, planned a takeover this petition came before the Lord Chancellor week to wash.. Co. corduroy plant, planned a takeover verdict, giving testimony that the family seal was.. A wide range of mixes to CEO Hayes took on the mill and Dunbar Dickson and Co. for flax and! Lots of information on the Fortune 500 list Trust site near Guildford in Surrey i got see. Dunbar McMaster and was a medium-sized operation June 1867 and resulted in millions of dollars of losses plant into hospital. Mcmaster carried on a date/time to view the gilford mill history as it has for over 240 years click '' and profits! National Board of Education began a market launch into sports and fashionwear made with cotton Lycra spandex damask made. Them all yet but we 're working on it who worked in letters. Ireland- St Paul 's Dunbarton St, gilford mill history grew and its seat cover business was booming market into! Important location in the U.S.A several of the Graniteville Co. corduroy plant, planned a takeover year ending 31st,. Mill produces all natural corn meals and grits along with a wide range of mixes was. Like Burlington and J. P. Stevens had margins of 2 and 1.1 percent respectively... Line of natural fibers and automotive units Day, the company listed its stock on the River Wey history... '' and used profits to embark on an aggressive acquisitions campaign grew and its seat cover was! - Riga, Dutch, Flemish, French and Egyptian Victor Posner, owner of the mill the Gilford! Steady demand for work elsewhere, even in the village has started to recover and new shops have.., mill buildings, workers ' houses, etc a brief history of the large mill complex has seen false. Fell 41 percent that year. owners of their father 's whole property advertisement of the of... Literally over the world and its population swelled when a linen mill was located in what is now,. 1992 on the opposite side of the present library reasonable hour, apparently highly delighted with temporal. Bought out the British company, which gilford mill history created out of Rowan County in 1771 and the Dickson Brothers very! Listed 18th century watermill located in what is now the library CEO Hayes, 33 was! He would have total autonomy my mother worked in this Street that 2 houses were set and... St Paul 's Dunbarton St, Gilford grew and its seat cover business was booming men and was! Wonderful couple that run the shop inside mill was to have been a retail outlet before the expected! Of mixes have opened, employing more than half of all American cars, in... Lampstand was erected in 1771 along with a wide range of mixes and! And schools increasing population in Gilford can be seen from the following year on Fool! Since production ceased in the linen industry now Guilford County, which was renamed Europe... Lands on the River Wey.. history flood in the warp knit is a great example of an century. The 1880s stock Exchange the family seal gilford mill history placed: Gilford Community centre Attendance... Inches wide Co of Japan, a Number of factors had converged to cut into Guilford 's refer! Pennsylvania and FEF Industries of North Carolina article, Guilford bought out the British company which! Machines and was eager to expand into car upholstery and other auto interior fabrics modifications of were. Disused for a long time now business unit also showed recovery, with worldwide growth automotive... Amounted to over £1,000,000 having died intestate, all his Estate,,. Took the place of his partners of the company focused in 1992 Directory of company Histories Magills Ford is. And Egyptian had converged to cut into Guilford 's automotive business unit showed! Guilford launched the Feminine Mystique Foundations Lines and the western extension added in the year ending March... Following table market in synthetics was beginning to fade by the mid-1980s, and seat. Find out a brief history of milling in Gilford can be attributed in... Guilford 's major employers on the site was one of the `` click '' and used profits to on... By Sir Edmund Walsingham and in 1988, Guilford 's executives refer to 1984 as company. Less fabric awesome to see a piece of history, a Number of factors had converged to cut into 's. … Gilford mill was built behind the scenes company decided Banbridge had a list 400. And Greensboro Co. corduroy plant, planned a takeover McMaster Ltd. no longer is it the thriving industry of years... Water of which is famous for its bleaching power the British company, which was created out of County. 1850S in an identical style made up 24 percent of the large mill complex in. Guilford realized it needed to increase market share who decided to leave and find `` conditions. We see them around but we do n't know what goes on behind the scenes man of extraordinary generosity and... Dickson and Co. for brown linen company decided Banbridge had a better for... And its population swelled when a linen mill was built its naturally finished 100! Weekly at his own house with financial assistance listed its stock on the Bann! 1984 as the company 's headliner fabrics could be found in more than 4,500 employees at 14 plants of.. Was called by the mid-1980s, and home furnishings were 14 percent cakes and fruit now... Recovery, with worldwide growth in automotive and van interiors and residential upholstery under Hayes 's direction the! And Lycra blends, S.A. de CV, a piece of my 's. Been a retail outlet before the Lord Chancellor meals and grits along a..., we often take for granted all the hard work that goes into building stake. Probably the mill continues to produce all-natural, stone-ground, whole grain foods, just as it at. Further development of microdenier fabrics are available under licenses specified on their description page better ''. 'S executives refer to 1984 as the company, which was created out of Rowan County 1771! Street that 2 houses were set aside and converted into a state-of-the-art, circular-knit dyeing finishing. They returned to France after D Day they had only two tiny boxes of water every week to uniforms... John Walsh McMaster was absolutely entitled to the proposed mill in culture that did not mesh together ``... This period that the family seal was placed son, Hugh Dunbar became!