[9] She was launched on 6 June 1958 by the wife of Thomas S. Gates, the Secretary of the Navy,[1][10] and commissioned on 10 January 1959. In the summer of 1974, Independence departed Norfolk for yet another 'Med Cruise', operating with CTG 60.1 and CVW-7. “The Navy has discovered severe problems ... that will adversely affect the operational effectiveness of the combat system if not corrected,” the sailing branch reported in 2019 after testing the Zumwalt’s radar and computers. The carrier launched more than 7,000 sorties, sustaining an exceptional pace of day and night strike operations against military and logistic supply facilities in North Vietnam. Futuristic Fleet- USS Zumwalt (DDG 1000) steams alongside USS Independence (LCS 2) enroute to San Diego. The carrier's air group participated in the first major series of coordinated strikes against vital enemy supply lines north of the Hanoi-Haiphong complex, successfully evading the first massive surface-to-air missile barrage in aviation history while attacking assigned targets, and executing, with daring and precision, the first successful attack on an enemy surface-to-air missile installation. Large-Scale Covid-19 Vaccine Distribution May Be Months Off, But Do Airlines Have To Wait? She then continued her Sixth Fleet deployment returning to CONUS in early 1967. The Zumwalts are impressive vessels, but they’re not very good air-defenders. “Concentrate the Zumwalts,” Ryan Belscamper, a former sailor who is now a Navy acquisitions official, wrote in an op-ed for Proceedings, the professional journal of the U.S. The Navy's most technologically-advanced surface ship, USS 'Zumwalt', steams in formation with USS ... [+] 'Independence' and USS 'Bunker Hill' on the final leg of her three-month journey to her new homeport in San Diego in 2016. Subsequently, completing an Indian Ocean cruise, Independence transited the Suez Canal northbound, shortly after America had transited southbound, making America the first United States Navy carrier (and, thus, Independence the second) to transit the Suez Canal since Intrepid in 1967. Independence became the most battle experienced ship in the Navy's active fleet, and the first carrier in history to hold that distinction, on 30 June 1995. In 1982, Independence provided critical support to the multinational peacekeeping force in Lebanon. The USN classifies the type as a "littoral combat ship" which is defined as a small, agile surface vessel designed to operate offshore utilizing the latest in seaborne stealth technology and protected communications. The USS Independence (LCS-2) represents a wholly modern United States Navy (USN) corvette and the lead ship of her new Independence-class. The ship remained on station for 112 days and permanently reestablished a U.S. naval presence in the region. Independence completed the Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard in June 1988. The USS Independence remains remarkably intact, resting in depths of 2,600 feet. She was fitted with AN/SPS-37 long-range search radar and AN/SPS-8B height finding radar. Independence, along with John F. Kennedy, Saratoga, and seven other U.S. Navy ships were put on standby in case U.S. military protection was needed for the evacuation of U.S. citizens and as a counterbalance to the Soviet Union's Mediterranean fleet. That would be a mistake, Belscamper wrote. In 1984, she won the Marjorie Sterrett Battleship Fund Award for the Atlantic Fleet. They might need a Burke to sail with them to protect them from aerial threats. After a few months of local operations, she underwent an extensive overhaul at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. The U.S. Navy spent $22 billion developing a new destroyer and all it got was three ships. On 4 May 1966, she participated in Operation Strikex. Independence completed a deployment of 204 days. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. In 1991 she shifted homeport to Yokosuka, Japan as America's only forward deployed carrier. Independence changed homeports again on 11 September 1991—this time to Yokosuka, Japan, embarking Carrier Air Wing 5 and becoming the Navy's only permanently forward-deployed aircraft carrier, and flagship for Commander, Carrier Group Five. Since the squadron would need time for refit and training, it wouldn’t be able to maintain an overseas presence during peacetime. The first was 28 February 1997 to the island territory of Guam. She returned to Norfolk on 4 March 1964. On 30 April 1968, Independence steamed to the Mediterranean Sea for a nine-month deployment. She returned to Norfolk 27 August and sailed 11 October for the Caribbean Sea. On 2 August, in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, Independence, leading Task Group 800.1, which included Jouett (CG-29),[16] was sent to deter further Iraqi aggression during Operation Desert Shield. Her service to her country and its allies continued until 1998 when she was decommissioned in Bremerton, Wa. Twenty Navy aircraft from CVW-5 aboard Independence in the Persian Gulf were the first coalition aircraft on station over Iraq as Operation Southern Watch began. Five ‘Deep Thoughts’, China’s Maritime Militia Is A Problem—The U.S. Coast Guard Could Be The Solution, Ghost Guns: Federal Raid Could Be Harbinger Of A Crackdown On Makers Of Untraceable Firearms, America’s New Naval Strategy Focuses On Maintaining Rules-Based Order At Sea, Navy Explores Enhancing Warfighters’ Capabilities Through Microbiology, FAA Slaps Drone Pilot With $182,000 Proposed Fine. The design for Independence (LCS 2) is based on a high-speed trimaran (Benchijigua Express) hull built by Austal (Henderson, Australia). On 10 May 1965, Independence deployed for more than seven months, including 100 days in the South China Sea, off the coast of Vietnam, the first Atlantic Fleet carrier to do so. Now that all three Zumwalts are complete and the 16,000-ton vessels are beginning to gather at the Navy’s base in San Diego, it’s time to figure out what to do with them. “Traditional readiness models of train, deploy, overhaul, repeat would be a catastrophic waste of the Zumwalt-class destroyers and crippling in the face of peer conflict. Thomas E. Shanahan Commanding. Operating together, the Zumwalts could launch devastating missile barrages against enemy fleets. The carrier departed Norfolk 13 June for European operations with the Sixth Fleet. The carriers were designed around the large new Douglas A3D S… Following training exercises, ranging north to New York and south to Mayport, Florida, Independence departed Norfolk 8 September 1964 for NATO Teamwork exercises in the Norwegian Sea and off the coast of France, then to Gibraltar. She arrived on 1 June 2017 and dismantling was completed by early 2019. Folding the Zumwalts into this system would result in one of the destroyers deploying while the other two are in the yard or busy with exercises. [23], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°33′09″N 122°39′24″W / 47.5525°N 122.6566°W / 47.5525; -122.6566 (USS Independence (CV-62)), Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, "Independence (CV 62)(ex-CVA 62): Multi-Purpose Aircraft Carrier", "Navy sink list includes Forrestal, destroyers", "J-Towing and complete dismantlement of multiple CV-59/CV-63 Class Aircraft Carriers in the United States", "Recycler wins Navy contract to scrap USS Independence", "Ex-USS Independence departs Naval Base Kitsap", "USS Independence CV-62 final voyage to scrapyard in Brownsville Texas", "Freedom's Flagship: A History of Independence (CVA/CV 62)", "United States Naval Aviation, 1910-1995", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=USS_Independence_(CV-62)&oldid=991561016, Cold War aircraft carriers of the United States, Vietnam War aircraft carriers of the United States, Articles with dead external links from September 2016, Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2008, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The fifth USS Independence (CV/CVA-62) was an aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. In November 1995, Independence and Carrier Air Wing Five returned to Japan after successfully completing their third deployment to the Persian Gulf in support of Operation Southern Watch. She returned to San Diego on 20 December 1990. On 3 September 1969, the Independence departed Norfolk to participate in NATO exercises in the North Atlantic, (NORLANT), where she participated in testing the Hawker Siddeley Harrier in flight deck operations, returning home on 9 October 1969. A fleet-killer. In 1997, Independence made a four-month deployment, covering several major exercises and seven ports of call. There, she added her great strength to the peace-keeping power of the 6th Fleet in that troubled region, remaining in the eastern Mediterranean until her return to Norfolk 3 March 1961. The Forrestal-class aircraft carriers were designed in the early 1950s as a smaller version of the cancelled United States class \"Supercarriers\". Begun as light cruiser Amsterdam, CL-59, she was launched as CV-22 on 22 August 1942 by New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey, sponsored by Mrs. Rawleigh Warner, and commissioned 14 January 1943, Captain G. R. Fairlamb, Jr., in command.The first of a new class of carriers converted from cruiser hulls, Independence conducted shakedown training in the Caribbean. [9], Independence conducted shakedown training under her first captain, Captain R. Y. McElroy, with the first landing-on being carried out by a Grumman Trader carrier onboard delivery aircraft on 2 March 1959. To further bolster the Zumwalts’ ship-killing potential, Belscamper advised the Navy to resume development of a guided shell for the destroyers’ twin 155-millimeter guns. To save money, the Navy late in the Zumwalt’s development removed its S-band radar, leaving the type with a single main radar operating in the X-band. The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Independence (CV-62) underway with the destroyer USS Peterson (DD: Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen [21] On 26 April 2017, she was on her way through the Strait of Magellan,[22] and on 30 May 2017 she arrived at Brownsville, where a special ceremony was held at Isla Blanca Park for veterans, school children and members of the local community to honour the vessel. Called on by President Kennedy on 24 October during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, Independence provided a strong, visible reminder of U.S. determination and resolve while she acted as a key participant in the U.S. naval blockade of Cuba. On 20 June 1979, Lieutenant Donna L. Spruill became the first female Navy pilot to carrier qualify in a fixed-wing aircraft. After steaming together in the eastern Mediterranean Sea for several days, Forrestal and Independence relieved Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy, the latter sailing home to Norfolk, after a long deployment. With this honor, Independence displayed the Revolution-era First Navy Jack, commonly called the "Don't Tread On Me" flag, from her bow until her decommissioning. The Navy also is developing the new, stealthy Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile that should fit in the Zumwalts’ launchers. Naval Institute. On 23 August 1992, Independence entered the Persian Gulf, under the Command of Captain Carter B. Refo prepared to enforce an Allied ban on Iraqi flights over south Iraq below the 32nd parallel north. The Independence class is a class of littoral combat ships built for the United States Navy. Independence and her embarked Carrier Air Wing 7 received the Navy Unit Commendation for exceptionally meritorious service from 5 June to 21 November 1965. She was joined in the area by Nimitz as the People's Republic of China lobbed missiles into Taiwanese territorial waters. LCS is now the second-largest surface ship class in production, behind the Navy’s DDG-51 Arleigh Burke-class destroyer program. She then steamed through the Panam… Before sailing back to Yokosuka, Japan, Independence made her last port call of the deployment in May 1997 to Hong Kong. Upon completion of the deployment, Captain Shanahan was promoted to rear admiral. 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h), 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km) at 30 knots (56 km/h), This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 18:26. Unlike the United States class, they were to operate in both the nuclear strike and conventional roles, and were therefore intended to carry a mixed fleet of fighters, light attack and heavy attack aircraft, all of which were to be jets. The flight deck was improved to allow the recovery of high-performance aircraft while the ship traveled at slower speeds, and the NATO Sea Sparrow launchers were upgraded. On 25 June, the greatest concentration of U.S. Navy air power in the Mediterranean Sea resulted when the battle groups of Forrestal and Independence joined forces with Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy. The flag was received from Mauna Kea upon her decommissioning. ", Independence returned to her homeport, Norfolk, arriving 13 December 1965. USS Independence (CVL-22) (also CV-22) was a United States Navy light aircraft carrier, lead ship of her class and served during World War II. The 418-foot (127-meter) surface combatant design requires a crew of 40 sailors.With 11,000 cubic meters of payload volume, it was designed with enough payload and volume to carry out one mission with a separate mission module in reserve, allowing the ship to do multiple missions without having to be refitted. Lacking a dedicated volume-search radar, a Zumwalt must use its X-band radar in an area-search mode—a compromise solution to the air-defense problem which, even when it works, limits how quickly and at what range the class can engage an incoming aircraft or missile with its own Evolved Sea Sparrow and SM-2 surface-to-air missiles. In so doing, the Navy would return to a centuries-old model of naval operations, where independent and self-sufficient warships—cruisers—would sail together on long-distance voyages. Defensive armament consisted of eight 5"/54 caliber Mark 42 guns mounted on sponsons jutting out from the sides of the ship so they did not interfere with the flight deck. : 1981-feb-2 After decommissioning, Independence remained in mothballs for five and a half years before being struck on 8 March 2004. After the Gulf, Independence and her battle group visited Perth/Fremantle, Western Australia from 2 February to 7 February for R&R. She was the fourth and final member of the Forrestal class of conventionally powered supercarriers. On 17 February 1985, Independence arrived at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard to undergo a modernization and overhaul program to extend her service life by 15 years. Independence operated off the island of Crete. She returned to Norfolk 5 November 1964 and entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for overhaul. [19], Following the disposal of Ranger and Constellation,[20] on 10 March 2017 ex-Independence began her 16,000 mile journey from Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to Brownsville, Texas for dismantling by International Shipbreaking Limited. With a mere three ships in the class, only one Zumwalt likely would ever be available in a time of crisis.”. She entered service in 1959, with much of her early years spent in the Mediterranean Fleet. With their guns operational and each packing 40 anti-ship missiles capable of striking targets hundreds of miles away, a three-ship Zumwalt squadron would be a powerful force. On 25 September 1970, the news was received that Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of the United Arab Republic had died; an event that might plunge the Middle East into a crisis. Independence sailed on 19 April 1962 for Sixth Fleet duty in support of President John F. Kennedy's firm stand on Berlin during a recurrence of stress in a critical area. Steaming to the crash site, Independence and other ships spent two days retrieving the remains of the ill-fated jetliner, her crew, and passengers.[14]. Belscamper proposed a unique model for the unique Zumwalts, which with their stealthy, downward-sloping hulls, powerful electric generators and huge size are unlike other Navy surface vessels. It could, in theory, sink the entire fleets of many countries, Belscamper pointed out. Studded with all sorts of marine life, the aircraft carrier still … The Navy would keep it in reserve, ready to surge forward during a time of crisis. [17] At that time, she was still available for donation as a reef while awaiting a contract for her dismantling to be awarded. [4928x3280] As jet aircraft needed much more fuel than piston-engined aircraft, the Forrestal class had a much greater aviation fuel capacity than existing carriers, with 750,000 US gallons (2,800,000 l) of Avgas and 789,000 US gallons (2,990,000 l) of jetfuel, more than double that carried in the Midway-class aircraft carriers. On 8 September 1974, sailors were introduced to the new concept of terrorism when a bomb exploded in the cargo compartment of TWA Flight 841 high above. Stored in recent years at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington, the ex-Independence … Deploying from Norfolk in September 1971, the crew earned the designation as 'Blue Nose' sailors when the Independence crossed the Arctic Circle on 28 September. The Navy two years ago suspended development of ammunition for the special guns after the per-shell cost rose to nearly $1 million. Created in the spirit of the traditional cruise jacket, our cruise design is digitally printed with extremely durable ink on a wide array of products. But grouping the destroyers also could leave them vulnerable to air-attack. Independence departed Norfolk on 6 August 1963 to take part in combined readiness exercises in the Bay of Biscay with sea-air units of the United Kingdom and France then entered the Mediterranean on 21 August for further duty with the Sixth Fleet. [1][11] During these trials, while carrying out compatibility tests aboard the new carrier, a Douglas A3D Skywarrior was catapulted off Independence at a gross weight of 84,000 pounds (38,000 kg), the heaviest aircraft to take off from a carrier at the time.[12]. Independence was decommissioned in 1998 after 39 years of active service. Independence's commissioning pennant was hauled down 39 years, 9 months and 20 days after it was first hoisted, and the "Don't Tread on Me" First Navy Jack was transferred to the Navy's next oldest active ship, the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk. The drydock portion of the overhaul was interrupted when Independence had to leave drydock early to make way for the fire-damaged Forrestal on 19 September 1967.[13]. In late October 1983, Independence's battle group (Carrier Group Four), assigned to the United States Second Fleet, became the core of Task Group 20.5, the carrier task group that would support the Invasion of Grenada. During subsequent operations in the North Sea, Independence conducted cross-deck operations with the British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal and transited the English Channel en route to the Strait of Gibraltar and scheduled operations in the Mediterranean Sea. The LCS concept emphasizes speed and modularity thanks to its flexible mission module spaces. Included in these ports of call were two historic port visits. Beyond the Hornet is moored the Independence-class USS San Jacinto. The Forrestal-class aircraft carriers were designed in the early 1950s as a smaller version of the cancelled United States-class "supercarriers". In March 1996, Independence was deployed to the waters east of Taiwan to provide a stabilizing presence amid the Third Taiwan Strait Crisis. She then returned to Norfolk on 25 November for readiness exercises along the eastern seaboard, overhaul in the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, and refresher training out of Guantanamo Bay. Returning to Lebanon that same year, the ship's air wing conducted air strikes against Syrian positions. The photo was taken from a plane from the USS Yorktown. The guided-missile destroyer USS 'Zumwalt' departs San Diego as part of an operational underway on ... [+] March 8, 2019. The Paramount film Flight of the Intruder (1991), starring Danny Glover, Willem Dafoe, and Brad Johnson was filmed partly on Independence. She arrived off Puerto Rico in response to the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba and took part in the quarantine operations which finally forced withdrawal of those missiles. Resolution 688, which demanded that the Iraqi government stop the repression of its Shiite population in southern Iraq. Carl Andrew Carlson, commanding officer of the guided-missile destroyer USS 'Zumwalt' speaks ... [+] with Rear Adm. William C. Greene, director of fleet maintenance for U.S. Pacific Fleet during a tour of the ship in 2019. The flag was presented to Independence's commanding officer Capt. The attack was carried out by a task force consisting of the U.S. aircraft carriers USS Essex (CV-9), USS Yorktown (CV-10), and USS Independence (CVL-22), the battleship USS Indiana (BB-58), two cruisers, and ten destroyers. Independence operated off the Virginia Capes for the next year on training maneuvers, and departed 4 August 1960 for her first cruise to the Mediterranean. In June 1990, with Carrier Air Wing 14 embarked, Independence departs San Diego on a routine WESTPAC. The Zumwalt class is an oddity in a fleet dominated by variants of the 10,000-ton-displacement Arleigh Burke-class destroyer. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. In May 1973, President Richard M. Nixon delivered his annual Armed Forces Day address from the decks of Independence. The X-band zeroes in on specific targets in order to guide missiles during an attack. USS INDEPENDENCE CVL-22 OKINAWA 1945 WW II VINYL & SILKSCREEN NAVY ANCHOR SHIRT. The Independence class of littoral combat ships (LCS) is General Dynamics and Austal's design proposal to the US Navy's requirement for the LCS class ships. [18], On 26 January 2012, the Navy's Naval Sea Systems Command posted a notice of solicitation for the towing and complete dismantlement of multiple CV-59/CV-63 Class Aircraft Carriers in the United States, including Forrestal, Independence, and Constellation. What’s Up For Aerospace & Defense In 2021? She arrived at her new homeport of Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia on 30 June 1959, and then carried out a ten-week training cruise in the Caribbean. Many warships—including the Navy’s 70 or so Burkes—have both kinds of radar, and for good reason. Index. From 8 to 13 October 1973, Task Group 60.1 with Independence, Task Force 60.2 with Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Task Forces 61/62 with Guadalcanal were alerted for possible evacuation contingencies in the Middle East as a result of the 1973 Yom Kippur War between Arab states and Israel. Feb 21, 2013 - USS Independence (CV-62) - Forrestal class Aircraft Carrier w USS Peterson (DD-969) - Spruance class Destroyer (USA) It was during this cruise that the ship was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation in support of actions against the PLO during the Jordanian crisis. There are a total of [ 363 ] entries as part of the United States Warships List (Current and Former Types) in the Military Factory. Independence was the first aircraft carrier to pull into Guam in 36 years. Entries are listed by initial year of service descending. On returning to Yokosuka in April 1996, the ship was visited by President Bill Clinton as part of an official state visit to Japan. As a Department Head, Commander Olin served as Weapons Officer in USS DECATUR (DDG 73) from February 2001 to August 2003. I'm a journalist, author and filmmaker based in Columbia, South Carolina. The Navy last year paused air-defense testing for the class as it works to remedy the unspecified flaw. Lieutenant Spruill piloted a C-1A Trader to an arrested landing aboard Independence. On 4 August 1961, she departed again for the Mediterranean to join the US 6th fleet for another cruise and returned on 19 December 1961 to Norfolk. On 25 October 1983, aircraft from Independence's embarked air wing flew missions supporting the invasion. The ship's port call was the last U.S. naval visit to the territory before its handover to China on 1 July 1997. Independence was decommissioned in 1998 after 39 years of active service. USS Independence 3D models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR options. The hull design evolved from a project at Austal to design a high speed, 40 knot cruise ship. Her port anchor and both anchor chains were used on the new Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Mahan class destroyer: Displacement: 1,600 tons: Length: 341 ft 4 in (104.04 m) Beam: 36 ft (10.97 m) Draft: 9 ft 10 in (3 m) Speed: 37 knots (69 km/h) Complement: 168 officers and crew: Armament: As Built: 1 × Gun director above bridge, 5 × 5"(127mm)/38cal DP (5x1), 12 × 21 inch (533 mm) T Tubes (3x4), 4 × .50cal (12.7mm) MG AA (4x1), The Independence -class aircraft carriers were a class of light carriers built for the United States Navy that served during World War II. Force in Lebanon port Klang, Malaysia s DDG-51 Arleigh Burke-class destroyer precipitated by 's! An arrested landing aboard Independence on 3 August 1971 ship class in production, behind the Navy ’ s of... 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