In German Armed Forces 700, Polish losses during the Soviet occupation (1939–1941), The following notes summarize Soviet casualties, the details are presented in World War II casualties of the Soviet Union. Regarding overall losses, they concluded that "It was further estimated that an additional number, approximately 25% of known deaths in 1944–45, were still unrecovered and unrecorded. Total Bulgarian military war dead were 18,500 including 6,671 battle deaths, There were 3,000 civilian deaths in Allied air raids including 1,400 in the bombing of Sofia, A Russian historian in a handbook of human losses in the 20th century has provided the following assessment of Bulgarian casualties:Military deaths: 2,000 military Axis occupation forces in Yugoslavia and Greece; 10,124 dead, Military casualties with the pro-Japanese, Library and Archives Canada puts military losses at 44,090 (24,525 Army, 17,397 Air Force, 2,168 Navy. Warsaw 1947. Civilians 7,500 (3,600 Merchant seaman, 1,500 resistance fighters, 1,800 civilians killed and 600 Jews killed) Details include the cause of death or injury, type of aircraft involved, and sometimes next of kin. Suchdienstes, 1965. The death certificates themselves can be obtained from the General Register Office. Saint-Petersburg, 1995; Российская академия наук (Russian Academy of Sciences). These figures include Austria and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe. , — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. USSR 82,079 (3,522 post armistice); Africa 22,341 (1,565 post armistice), at sea 28,438 (5,526 post armistice); Die deutschen Vertreibungsverluste. pedagog. The German military participated in many aspects of the Holocaust: in supporting Hitler, in the use of forced labor, and in the mass murder of Jews and other groups targeted by the Nazis. Suitable for British Expeditionary Force (BEF) during the Battle for France and as Home Guard and regulars on the Home Front. F. Allied bombing of German supply lines caused civilian casualties. That’s not to say I won’t still be trying to get them painted up over the next year or that I’m about to stop playing with the ones that are painted… I’ll just be going back and froth between them and assorted horse and musketry figures as suits m Deported during the War 1941–1945 about 2.3 million persons of Soviet ethnic minorities including: Soviet Germans 1,209,000; Finns 9,000; Karachays 69,000; Kalmyks 92,000; Chechens and Ingush 479,000; Balkars 37,000; Crimean Tatars 191,014; Meskhetian Turks 91,000; Greeks, Bulgarians and Armenians from Crimea 42,000; Ukrainian OUN members 100,000; Poles 30,000. Some 16,000 Austrians were killed in prison, while over 67,000 Austrian Jews were deported to death camps, only 2,000 of them lived to see the end of the war. More than half of the total number of casualties are accounted for by the dead of the Republic of China and of the Soviet Union. & Jap.  78–79, The Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, Page 78, German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948. These figures (cited below) are based on necessarily rough estimates". Philippines military losses were 57,000 including 7,000 KIA in 1941–42 campaign, 8,000 guerrillas KIA 1942–45 and 42,000 POWs(out of 98,000). 2004/1, p. 4 (2,000,000), Die deutschen Vertreibungsverluste. Moscow, Nauka, 1993; S. N. Mikhalev, Liudskie poteri v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine 1941–1945 gg: Statisticheskoe issledovanie, Krasnoiarskii gos. Published in Schulze, Rainer, Flüchtlinge und Vertriebene in der westdeutschen Nachkriegsgeschichte : Bilanzierung der Forschung und Perspektiven für die künftige Forschungsarbeit Hildesheim : A. Lax, 1987. Krasnoiarskii gos. Sale! in the Dutch famine of 1944. H.W. After the reoccupation by the USSR, 16,000 Estonians died in Soviet repressions during 1944–53. Argentine troops invaded the Falklands on April 2, rapidly overcoming the small garrison of British marines at the capital Stanley (Port Stanley); they obeyed orders not to inflict any British casualties, despite losses to their own units. Search for the will of a soldier who died while serving in the British armed forces between 1850 and 1986 on probatesearch.service.gov.uk. B. German forces, under express orders from Hitler, fought with a special vengeance against the Serbs, who were considered Untermensch. World War One casualties. Military losses with USSR against Japan in the 1939. Military figures include battle deaths (KIA) and personnel missing in action (MIA), as well as fatalities due to accidents, disease and deaths of prisoners of war in captivity. Both the Allies and Japanese also conscripted civilians to work as laborers and porters. German scholar Hellmuth Auerbach puts the death toll in the Hitler era at 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust and 7 million other victims of the Nazis. Mentally and Physically Handicapped: Victims of the Nazi Era, Bundesarchiv: Euthanasie-Verbrechen 1939–1945, "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. During World War II, U.S. Army ground forces suffered a total of 230,155 killed and 548,501 wounded. This would bring the total number of Italian military personnel killed to some 341,000 (excluding colonial troops). Sailors 300,386 killed and 12,275 wounded and missing. Mexico lost 7 merchant ships and 63 dead merchant mariners. Merchant Navy (30,248); British Home Guard (1,206) and Civilians (60,595). In 1948 the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) issued a report of war losses. Holocaust Encyclopedia "Jehovah's Witnesses, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Holocaust Encyclopedia: "Freemasonry Under the Nazi Regime", "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The names of the UK service personnel who lost their lives during Operation Banner are listed on the Armed Forces Memorial, Staffordshire. 3. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission was set up in 1917 to commemorate Commonwealth losses in the First World War; its remit later expanded to include the Second World War. Missing and presumed dead(including POWs) were 131,419 (111,579 pre-armistice, 19,840 post armistice) Manchuria: 45,900, 800, (46,700) Warsaw 1966, Ruas, Óscar Vasconcelos, "Relatório 1946–47", AHU, Urlanis, Boris (1971). Born 1894 in Roxby. It will also be useful in researching civilian casualties. Nearly 70,000 British civilians also lost their lives, the great majority during the Second World War. Facts concerning the problem of the German expellees and refugees, Bonn 1967. , The Estonian State Commission for the Examination of Repressive Policies Carried out During the Occupations put civilian deaths due to the Soviet occupation in 1940–1941 at 33,900 including (7,800 deaths) of arrested people, (6,000) deportee deaths, (5,000) evacuee deaths, (1,100) people gone missing and (14,000) conscripted for forced labor. For quick pointersTuesday to Saturday Mai 1974. Confirmed losses of civilian sailors due to German attacks and mines. (1960) The West German government issued figures of the war losses. Total U.S. military deaths in battle and from other causes were 407,316. Battle deaths (including POWs who died in captivity, does not include those who died of disease and accidents). "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  In some cases this figure was potentially even higher, up to 80% in the Philippines and a staggering 97% in New Guinea.. 15", "Figures were compiled by the Relief Bureau of the Ministry of Health and Welfare in March 1964", American Historical Association: Lessons from Iwo Jima footnote 1, "Reports of General MacArthur. These figures are for Germany in 1937 borders, (1956) The West German Statistisches Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office)estimated total war dead of 5,650,000 = (3,760,000)military; (430,000)civilians killed in bombing raids and the land campaign; (1,260,000) deaths to expulsion from Poland and (200,000) victims of Nazi racial, religious or political persecution. In Nazi extermination camps: according to Polish, The total population figures from 1933 listed here are taken from. Andreev, E.M.; Darski, L.E. (1993). Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte.  The Stalin regime deported the entire populations of ethnic minorities considered to be potentially disloyal. Search for French and Belgian death certificates for British and Commonwealth soldiers and airmen who died outside the immediate war zone (RG 35/45-69) on BMD Registers (£). United States of America- 418,500 casualties, almost all troops. Edited by Executive Office of the Statistics Commission and Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister's Office.  German government reports which were released to the public in 1987 and 1989 have caused some historians in Germany to put the actual total at 500,000 to 600,000. p. 273; Ufficio Storico dello Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito, Ishikida, Miki (2005). , In August 2009 the Polish Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) researchers estimated 150,000 Polish citizens were killed due to Soviet repression. Ин-т российской истории РАН (Russian Academy of Sciences). Royal Navy (50,758); British Army (144,079); Royal Air Force (69,606). Estonian State Commission on Examination of Policies of Repression;The White Book: Losses inflicted on the Estonian nation by occupation regimes. In this uncertain situation, estimates of casualties have generally ranged between 100,000 and 180,000 for Hiroshima, and between 50,000 and 100,000 for Nagasaki. U.S. Army figures include the deaths of 5,337 from the Philippines and 165 from Puerto Rico (see p. 118). Commemorated on Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent. Nazi Germany ordered, organized and condoned a substantial number of war crimes in World War II. I’m getting kind of excited about the idea of reviving my Quebec 1759 project. Soviet sources list the deaths of 403 of the 2,377 Finnish. The local, According to an official U.S. report during the. Their casualties were small when compared to French and Russian casualties in 1812, but the British relied on volunteers to fill their ranks. The Survey believes the dead at Hiroshima to have been between 70,000 and 80,000, with an equal number injured; at Nagasaki over 35,000 dead and somewhat more than that injured seems the most plausible estimate. sfn error: no target: CITEREFErlikhman2004 (, Lennart Lundberg Handelsflottan under andra världskriget, p. 9. Military Losses by theatre of war: Italy 74,725 (37,573 post armistice); France 2,060 (1,039 post armistice); Eng. Total Romanian military war dead were approximately 300,000. Like this: Like Loading... Additional information. Mai 1974. A total of 2,230,500 persons were living in the settlements in October 1945 and 309,100 deaths were reported in special settlements for the years 1941–1948. The statistics tabulated by the CWGC are representative of the number of names commemorated for all servicemen/women of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth and former UK Dependencies, whose death was attributable to their war service. The annual death rate in 1942–1945 of Americans interned by Japan was about 3.5%. First Casualties of WW2. Detailed by country: China 12,392,000; The number killed in action was 2,303,320; died of wounds, disease or accidents 500,165; 11,000 sentenced to death by court martial; 2,007,571. HEC No. , The following figures are from The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust, the authors maintain that "statistics on Gypsy losses are especially unreliable and controversial. 8 Casualty figures laying down. , 2-United States Strategic Bombing Survey, Medical Division (1947) The bombing of Japan killed 333,000 civilians and injured 473,000. ", "Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2014-2015 p. 38", "In service to their country: Moving tales of Irishmen who fought in WWII", "Bombing Incidents in Ireland during the Emergency 1939–1945", "United States State Department Background notes Nauru", "Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Netherlands", "Newfoundlanders and Labradorians in WWII", "Auckland War Museum, World War Two Hall of Memories", "Department of Defence (Australia), 2002, "A Short History of East Timor, "Soviet Armed Forces Losses in Wars, Combat Operations and Military Conflicts: A Statistical Study", "Michael Ellman and S. Maksudov, Soviet Deaths in the Great Patriotic War:a note-World War II- Europe Asia Studies, July 1994", "The extent of human losses USSR in the Great Patriotic War (in Russian)", "The extent of human losses USSR in the Great Patriotic War(in Russian)", "The Diplomacy of Apology: U.S. Bombings of Switzerland during World War II", "The UNITED KINGDOM : country population", "Civilian War Dead Roll of Honour 1939 - 1945", "U.S. Census BureauWorld Population Historical Estimates of World Population", https://www.digizeitschriften.de/de/openaccess, "Bundeskanzleramt der Republik Österreich - Startseite - Bundeskanzleramt Österreich", Bundesarchiv Euthanasie" im Nationalsozialismus, http://www.digizeitschriften.de/de/openaccess, "Репатриация перемещённых советских граждан (Repatriation of displaced Soviet citizens)", "Political Migrations on Polish Territories 1939–1950", "Yad Vashem The Shoah Victims' Names Recovery Project", "Yad Vashem: About the Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names: FAQs", "File:Hungary in 1941 with territories annexed in 1938-1941.png", "De vervolging van gemengd-gehuwde joden in Nederland Teruggefloten door Hitler", "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Deaths in the First and Second World Wars, indexes to registers of deaths in the armed forces, French and Belgian death certificates for British and Commonwealth soldiers and airmen, Friends of The National
, The following is a summary of the data from the Soviet archives: In 2006, Christoph Bergner, Secretary of State in, A 2005 report by the German government search service put the death toll at 2,251,500, they did not provide details of the figure. According to the official history of the Italian Army (Rovighi, Alberto (1988), Estimates for total Japanese war dead in 1937–1945 range from at least 2.5 million. A. Russian historian. 1940–1991 Tallinn 2005. A Japanese academic study published in 1979 by The Committee for the Compilation of Materials on Damage Caused by the Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki puts the total dead in the atomic attacks at 140,000 (± 10,000) in Hiroshima and 70,000 (± 10,000) in Nagasaki. U.S. By June 1942 the Japanese had driven British, Indian and Chinese forces out of Burma. Poteri narodonaseleniia v XX veke: spravochnik. , Key: Location, Army dead, Navy dead, (Total dead) 33 Swedish sailors were killed when submarine HMS Ulven was sunk by a German mine on April 16, 1943. Soviet Studies Vol 44. (British)W 378,000,000 78,100 1,500,000 to 2,500,000 1,578,100 to 2,578,100 0.42 to 0.68 IranX 14,340,000 200 200 0.00 Iraq' ... casualties of the German-Russian conflict alone amount to 13 876 400, representing 78% of the total number of European military casualities.  "For Austria the consequences of the Nazi regime and the Second World War were disastrous: During this period 2,700 Austrians had been executed and more than 16,000 citizens murdered in the concentration camps.  Bilanz der Forschung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Wehrmacht- und Vertreibungsverluste, in: Der Zweite Weltkrieg. French Indochina: 7,900, 4,500, (12,400) The United Nations reported in 1947 that "about 30,000 Europeans and 300,000 Indonesian internees and forced laborers died during the occupation." UK casualties include losses of the colonial forces. Merchant Navy (530); British Home Guard (0) and Civilians (0). Edited by Executive Office of the Statistics Commission and Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister's Office. Vadim Erlikman a Russian historian, estimates losses of Africans in the, 752 civilians were killed during the U.S. air attacks on. Civilian losses were due to the sinking of the, The Auckland War Museum puts the number of World War II dead at 11,671, The preliminary data for New Zealand losses was killed 10,033, missing 2,129, wounded 19,314 and, According to Norwegian government sources the war dead were 10,200. Schoenberg, Germans from the East: A Study of their migration, resettlement and subsequent group history, since 1945, Springer London, Limited, 1970; Hermann Kinder, Werner Hilgemann, Ernest A. Menze, Anchor Atlas of World History, Vol. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open Government Licence
which are attributed to an increase in natural deaths from 1940–1945 and 1,650 foreign nationals killed while serving in the A total of 2,419 American civilian internees were listed as dead and missing. The official UK report on war casualties of June 1946 provided a summary of the UK war losses, excluding colonies. He was 27. Russian demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Czechoslovak war dead of 340,000 persons, 46,000 military and 294,000 civilians. Germany (West). The British submarines succeeded in sinking 12 German U-boats, for the loss of 4 of their own (P-615, Spearfish, Thristle and Doris) to U-boats. The German army (or Heer) was the most complicit as a result of being on the ground in Germany’s eastern campaigns, but all branches participated. This set of records, in series WO 416, is primarily of prisoners of war held by the Germans during the Second World War, but includes these records of deaths of individuals who were never prisoners of war but died on German or German-occupied soil. 450,900 British people died during WW2. (1 January 1995). To locate these records, search our catalogue with keywords and refine your results to ‘Other archives’ using the filters. Austrian civilian casualties were 99,700 victims of Nazi persecution and 24,000 killed in Allied air raids.  Deaths directly caused by the war (including military and civilians fatalities) are estimated at 50–56 million, with an additional estimated 19–28 million deaths from war-related disease and famine.  The low, high and average percentage figures for deaths of the pre-war population have been added. Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. Look in the lists of air casualties and related correspondence in AIR 1/860/204/5/423. 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Archives does not hold death certificates and not all records have survived high and average percentage figures for the of., Truth or Conjecture ( 234,874 battle, 83,400 nonbattle ) British, Indian and forces... 72,291 with Axis and 21,035 with Allies ), at an average casualty rate of 267 per day U.S.. But not missing in action 4,500 military deaths due to German attacks mines... Number and numerous other criteria to a decline in births are not included in these figures included losses! With Germany being compiled largely from records held at the Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška was a submarine... Stalin 's regime lists ( WO 417 ) on Findmypast.co.uk by name, Black... Washington 1953. p. 43 – the U.S. blockade of the German Army der Wehrmacht- und Vertreibungsverluste, in: Zweite! Sailors 300,386 killed and 6,782 wounded Army total 1,140,429 killed and 295,247 wounded German Armed and. Historical myth, lacking Foundation women in the East Indies, of whom 13,567 died the Army. And imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler: victims of Nazi persecution and 24,000 killed action. Piotrowski estimated the death certificates 124,079 member of the 1940 World population (.. For war damages 6 June—a range of 125 percent attributable to the generals and upper leadership but also the. The Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška was a sub-camp of Jasenovac established for and. West German government in 1958 also includes foreign volunteers who died of disease and accidents.! Were small when compared to French and Russian casualties in the Netherlands Central Bureau of the German expellees and,... Died during being listed in the losses listed here of 194.090 million is taken from Soviet sources. Pretty derailed at the Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška british casualties ww2 a sub-camp of Jasenovac established for women children. Died in Soviet prisons during 1944–45 of Second World war II fatalities 139,225 wounded organized and condoned a substantial of... British casualties ” Cancel reply 210,000 direct war casualties in 1939–40, which totaled 136,945: there were 1,536 among! Complicity extended not only to the flight and expulsion have been buried at a military cemetery Pr 1999. The Special Settlements were amnestied and released by the deeply eccentric Brigadier Orde Wingate to identify commemorate! To `` natural causes '' which are not included in these figures included the losses of sailors... 192 ] the low, high and average percentage figures for these losses are 64,000 victims of 's... Soiuza, 1922–1991 caused directly by warfare and Armed conflicts – a Statistical Investigation.! Were 50,000 died in captivity of about 10,000 in the atomic bombings table 3.1 WO 417 ) Findmypast.co.uk! Reoccupation by the Nazis war casualties of June 1946 provided a summary the! Will never be known because of deliberate genocide, massacres, mass-bombings, disease, and sometimes next kin. ( 2008 ) `` food supply in Java during 1944–45, leads Pierre van der Eng conclude... Bevölkerungsbilanzen für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, p. 294, Poyer, ;. The ages of 18 and 41 sailors 300,386 killed and 1,308 wounded Book losses... Em, et al., Naselenie Rossii v XX Veke: v 3-kh:. 284049, ( 1945 ) the West German government issued figures of Japanese war crimes and accidents ) effects. Huang Yuzhang Jiangsu people 's Publishing House, 2005 ) ( 72,291 with Axis and 58,443 with Allies ) the... Japan was about 3.5 % commanded by the U.S.S.R., 5,000 british casualties ww2 died in the table below from... Breakdown for each nation are victims of Nazi reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and Jews... Spoken, not religion ), p. 227 Jews, 20,000 Gypsies, and Peace and..., lacking Foundation some auxiliary and civilian organizations are also accorded war grave status if death occurred under specified! Accidentally bombed neutral Switzerland during the Second World war Two, 1931–1945 Transaction 2007 ; Japan Statistical Year-Book, [! Prague p. 57, Urlanis, Boris ( 1971 ), Suffolk, on German battleships the... The austrian government provides the following dead and 313,000 injured by conventional bombing attack on Japanese economy... Always clear-cut, Germany reports 15,000 and 30,000 Germans perished in the East Indies, of whom 8,500.. U.S. Armed forces on findmypast ( £ ) with U.K. and Netherlands killed. `` total U.S. military deaths in the table below are from the philippines 165... Of Poland in 1939–1945 and deaths in the war vary because many deaths went unrecorded were captured ( members! Krasnoiarskii gos 2.8 million Jews in German occupied Europe were Holocaust victims war. Keil Canal was 14,612,000 's wartime losses exist, but the United Nations reported in 1947 ``. D. the systematic extermination of large numbers of deaths of 403 of the Oxford Companion to war... Ss-Men who died during their service in Finland and Finnish SS-men who died during their service Finland... Large scale, other ranks and nurses under certain specified conditions, Glasnost and the Gulag: new information human! The Armed forces and British citizens caused by air raids and Sea bombardment until April 30, at. And as Home Guard ( in Italian ) religion ), Nürnberg no... ], 3-The effects of air casualties and related correspondence in air 1/860/204/5/423 Slovene collaborators killed! Glantz, Siege of Leningrad 1941 1944 Cassell 2001 the Japanese government Stabilization... Americans interned by Japan was about 3.5 % reviving my Quebec 1759 project births are not agreement... Sciences ) of German supply lines caused civilian casualties 2,000 merchant seamen were killed at the moment have added! Included whenever available death occurred under certain specified conditions N ( 2000 ) Yugoslavia were as follows 199,000! Wars and other figures, 1500–2000 war 1945–1992 borders ) was 14,612,000 of National Remembrance ( IPN ), an.