5. Directions: Use the word bank to complete each sentence. I can use root words I know to help me understand the meanings of new words. re. In very simplistic terms, prefixes change the meaning of word s, and suffixes change their form (including plural, tense, comparative, and part of speech). Common Root Words Root Word Meaning carotid great arteries of the neck carp- wrist cent- a fraction in the metric system; one hundredth or 100 cente- to puncture (a body cavity) cephal- head cervic- neck chol- bile chondr- cartilage cili- eyelid cleid(o)- clavicle cubitus elbow cyan- blue cycl- circle or cycle pre. Name: _____ Prefix Assessment. These prefixes, suffixes, and roots apply to thousands of words. A root word conveys the essential meaning of the word and frequently indicates a body part. not. wrong. breviation in parentheses (the root erythr is from a Greek word). Understanding the meanings of common roots can help you work out the meanings of new words as you encounter them. There are a few rules when using medical roots. The roots with asterisks (*) are the 14 roots that provide clues to the meaning of over 100,000 words. Directions: Draw a line to match each prefix with its meaning. again. 6 Root Words The main part or stem of a word is called a root word. This is only a partial list of the most frequently used roots. Prefixes Prefix Meaning Example ad- to, toward advance anti- against antidote bi- … mis. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. Roots preceded by a hyphen are suffixes, or roots generally used at the end of a word; for example, -idae is th thae suffit is addex d to the roots of generic names to form the names of families of animals, and -pus is the Greek root meanin thag foot its used at the end of a Common Word Roots There are hundreds of Latin word roots that are used frequently with prefixes and suffixes. Master List of Morphemes Suffixes, Prefixes, Roots Suffix Meaning *Syntax Exemplars -er one who, that which noun teacher, clippers, toaster -er more adjective faster, stronger, kinder -ly to act in a way that is… adverb kindly, decently, firmly -able capable of, or worthy of adjective honorable, predictable -ible capable of, or worthy of adjective terrible, responsible, visible Common Root Words • Examples include: cardi/o - heart cephalo/o - head dent/o - teeth ophthalm/o - eye steth/o - chest nas/o - nose ot/o - ear derm/o, dermato/o - skin 6. Prefixes – Change the Meaning of Words Some of the most common prefixes are: Prefix Meaning Examples un- not unhappy, unsuccessful, unable Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. un. View Prefix - Suffix - Root Words(1).pdf from ENG 464 at University of Notre Dame. Common Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots The following list should help you to arrive at definitions of unfamiliar words in the Verbal section of the GRE. before the root word, and suffixes come after). 1. before. COMMON ROOT WORDS AND WORD ORIGINS ROOTS alter ami, amicamphi ann, enni anthrop aqua, With a combining form, the root word and a combining vowel such as i, e, o, or a may be combined with another root word, a prefi x, or a suffi x to describe a lists common suffixes. Common Root Words Root Meaning Example Capable of (walking) being moved Study of human origins of or relating/resembling trees. 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