It is thought Kupe reached New Zealand at Hokianga Harbour, in Northland, about 1070 years ago. 1913; … The western boundary is Easter Island. Conversely, some non-Māori denounce the settlements and socioeconomic initiatives as amounting to race-based preferential treatment. They speak the Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic subfamily of the Austronesian language family. Polynesians are part of the Austronesian-speakers who migrated from Taiwan and crossed to the Pacific through the Philippines, eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, and Melanesia. , Factors that operated in the transition to the Classic period (the culture at the time of European contact) include a significantly cooler period from 1500, and the extinction of the moa and of other food species. As of the 2020 reelection of the New Zealand Labour Party to government, Labour Minister Nanaia Mahuta is the first female Māori Foreign Minister of New Zealand; she replaced Winston Peters, also Māori, in the role. Most preschool centres teach basics such as colours, numerals and greetings in Māori songs and chants. The party did not achieve any representatives in the 52nd New Zealand Parliament, but regained two seats in the 53rd.. Getting to [some parts of] the middle of nowhere … , Nevertheless, relations between Māori and Europeans during the early colonial period were largely peaceful. The ancestors of Māori came to New Zealand from Polynesia around 1250–1300. Over 50 per cent of Māori live in areas in the three highest deprivation deciles, compared with 24 per cent of the rest of the population. More data from throughout the The study concluded that Polynesians moved through Melanesia fairly rapidly, allowing only limited admixture between Austronesians and Papuans. That year, out of all the (unshared) non-Māori private dwellings in New Zealand, 96.8 per cent had a bath or shower, 94.1 per cent a hot water service, 88.7 per cent a flush toilet, 81.6 per cent a refrigerator, and 78.6 per cent an electric washing machine.  The Polynesian population experienced a founder effect and genetic drift. Maori Sea Turtle Necklace - Polynesian Jewelry - Surfer Fashion Necklace - BN11. Before the 1300s, the islands of New Zealand were uninhabited by people. , While the arrival of Europeans had a profound impact on the Māori way of life, many aspects of traditional society have survived into the 21st century.  However, the archaeological record indicates a gradual evolution of culture. Early visitors from Europe to New Zealand generally referred to the indigenous inhabitants as "New Zealanders" or as "natives". Wire Wrapped Turquoise Bay Blue Sea Glass Necklace - NN0. Ancestors of the Polynesians arrived in the Bismarck Archipelago of Papua New Guinea at least 6,000 to 8,000 years ago.  Further efforts have focused on reducing socioeconomic disparity. Notable Māori novelists include Patricia Grace, Witi Ihimaera and Alan Duff.  A haka is often performed in a pōwhiri (welcoming ceremony). They believed the future path called for a degree of assimilation, with Māori adopting European practices such as Western medicine and education (especially learning English), while also retaining traditional cultural practices. By contrast, for all (unshared) Māori private dwellings that same year, 76.8 per cent had a bath or shower, 68.9 per cent a hot water service, 55.8 per cent a refrigerator, 54.1 per cent a flush toilet, and 47 per cent an electric washing machine. Many Māori groups set up substantial businesses, supplying food and other products for domestic and overseas markets. 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