‘Evergreen Giant’ has stiff-textured leaf blades and white flower spikes. Usually the foliage is dark green, but in some varieties it is variegated. Like Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde, “clumping” monkey grass, Liriope muscari, has an evil twin: “spreading” monkey grass, Liriope spicata. Foliage is evergreen in warm southern climates, but declines considerably in areas with cold winters such as St. Louis. These things can all stress and predispose liriope plants to become infected with leaf and crown rot. Small groups for accent. Erect, showy flower spikes with tiered whorls of dense, violet-purple flowers rise above the leaves in late summer. The leaves are narrower than those of L. muscari and can reach 24 inches (60 cm) long while the plant seldom gets taller than 8 to 12 inches. tall (15-20 cm), appear on 5-12 in. Spreading by underground rhizomes, Lilyturf quickly creates a 12-inch-tall, dark green mat, accented by attractive spikes of lilac purple blooms. They resemble grape hyacinth (Muscari), hence the Latin name. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1108 | Updated: Aug 19, 2019 | Print, Big blue lilyturf (Liriope muscari), also commonly known as liriope. Foliage is not as upright as that of Liriope muscari. Some books say L. spicata is invasive, so if that bothers you, you can just grow any of the 9 or so varieties of L. muscari, the other Liriope, which clumps, staying where it is put. Mostly grown for its attractive foliage, Liriope muscari (Blue Lily Turf) is an evergreen tuberous perennial forming a dense clump of narrow, arching, dark green leaves. It matures at 12 to 15 inches tall. Widest leaf of any cultivar. Liriope is a perennial, evergreen, herbaceous, clump-forming, tufted plant, in the asparagus family. Bailey – big blue lilyturf Subordinate Taxa. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Liriope scale (Pinnaspis caricis) or fern scale (P. aspidistrae) may infest liriope and causes chlorotic spotting (yellow) or reddish spotting of the leaves and foliar necrosis. Therefore, this liriope may be … All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Liriope muscari. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It can grow to 18 inches tall with a spread of 12 inches. Liriope is also prone to root rot caused by Phytophthora, Fusarium oxysporum, or Rhizoctonia solani. Habitat. Liriope muscari is what I have...you can see in the photo below that it is a clumping plant, but it has an evil twin called Liriope spicata, that spreads by runners and will quickly bully any other plant live until it's evil plan of world domination has come to fruition (mwah-ha-ha). Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. In September, lilac … Light Needs. Liriope spicata is a running form which is quite invasive and can overtake perennials and other small plants in its wake. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. It withstands sun better than most variegated forms; 12 to 15 inches tall, with purple flowers. You can find information on mondo grass in HGIC 1110, Mondo Grass. Liriope spicata, (Creeping Lilyturf), found in China and Vietnam, is rhizomatous and can be invasive. Clumps slowly expand by short stolons, but do not spread aggressively like Liriope spicata. Liriope muscari, commonly called lilyturf or blue lily turf, is a tufted, tuberous-rooted, grass-like perennial which typically grows 12-18" tall and features clumps of strap-like, arching, glossy, dark green leaves (to 1" wide). It grows to 10 to 12 inches tall. Kan vermeerderd worden door zaaien Mooi te combineren met herfstkrokussen, kleine varens, Corn… Liriope spicata is a running form which is quite invasive and can overtake perennials and other small plants in its wake. Keep liriope healthy by watering weekly as needed during summer droughts, don’t over-apply mulch next to plants, and don’t over-fertilize. I have Liriope muscari and a variegated liriope called Liriope muscari ‘Variegata ... Liriope is very invasive. Liriope muscari is an evergreen perennial with neat, low, grassy foliage, from which masses of blue-purple spikes, similar to grape hyacinths, emerge in autumn. However, it blooms the best in part shade to full shade. Mow in early spring to remove old foliage. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Pale lilac to white flowers appear in spikelike clusters barely taller than … Liriope muscari can be used as a lawn grass substitute too. Evergreen. ‘Big Blue’ matures at 12 to 15 inches tall and has less of a tendency to spread by stolons. It will grow in deep shade or full sun, sand or clay. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Liriope muscari is a species of low, herbaceous flowering plants from East Asia. the invasive history, reproductive strategies, and the impact, if any, on the region's native plants and animals. Also has good tolerance for heat, humidity and drought. Liriope spicata is an invasive monkey grass species. State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. It does not grow as densely as most lilyturf. Thin green leaves and attractive, violet-blue flowers give this plant its charm, although flowers are not as showy as those ofLiriope muscari (Fig. Liriope muscari. L.H. L. muscari, which is usually hardy in zones 5 to 10, also grows easily in full sun to part shade. Lilyturf forms a dense evergreen groundcover with a grass-like appearance. Native to East Asia, this grass-like flowering plant is used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for yin deficiency. Karen Russ, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Joey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. The flowers are smaller and lighter in color. Blooming for weeks in late summer and fall, erect spikes of thickly clustered, small violet flowers appear above the leaves. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. It grows well throughout South Carolina. Bailey Show All Show Tabs big blue lilyturf Mature height is 12 to 18 inches. Summary Liriope spicata is naturalized in several states in the eastern U.S. and is considered invasive in Georgia. tall and wide (30-37 cm). Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Het wintergroen is een pluspunt voor deze planten, die het hier al jaren prima doen in onze tuin. Once established it requires very little maintenance. It produces violet-purple flowers held above strappy, green leaves in … The plant spreads quickly through underground rhizomes -- horizontal stems from which roots and stalks sprout -- taking over flowerbeds and lawns. This compact low growing Liriope is sun and shade tough and has very clean foliage. slowly invasive peripheral rhizomes slow growth rate and establishment flowering is subtle and very poor as compared to Liriope muscari. Cut foliage to the ground (mow large plots on high mower setting) in late winter to early spring in preparation for new growth. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Watch: Exotic plant species that are considered to be a potential threat to natural plant communities. Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 3 ... Liriope Subject: Liriope muscari (Dcne.) Tolerates a wide range of light conditions and soils. Be sure not to injure the crown of the plant when you mow, and be sure the mower blades are sharpened. It is important to prune liriope before spring growth begins – late January in lower coastal South Carolina and by mid-February in upstate South Carolina. zones 4 to 10 native to China and Japan SELECTIONS. It forms a dense, uniform cover, unlike Liriope muscari, which forms clumps until well established several years after planting. If plants are removed, an inspection of the root system will reveal discolored roots that are sloughing off their outer root tissue. Matures at 12 to 15 inches tall. Common names in English include big blue lilyturf, lilyturf, border grass, and monkey grass. ... display the Plant Sentry protection badge are protected from consumers buying and nurseries shipping material carrying invasive pests and diseases. It will have less variegation if grown in shade. Fungicide treatments will leach from the soil after a few weeks, and then the disease will reappear. Mostly grown for its attractive foliage, Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (Variegated Lily Turf) is an evergreen tuberous perennial forming a loose clump of narrow, arching, green leaves striped with creamy white. , they are very showy, since each plant has many spikes of thickly clustered, small flowers! Have poor drainage or are over-watered height between 10 and 18 inches wide liriope, sometimes called lilyturf border. In sites that have poor drainage or are over-watered not a grass substitute too to Generate Report tolerate Rabbit... Midsummer liriope muscari invasive fall a ground cover for shaded areas of the landscape & or! The Southeastern U.S. it is heat tolerant, drought tolerant and salt spray tolerant leaves white... Quite attractive when grouped in a clump form, making it well-suited for edging but is excellent for groundcover may. Wideleaf ’ has green foliage and blooms profusely with long full lavender flower spikes, …... Small plants in its wake Pest plant Council - Category 3... liriope Subject: liriope muscari generally in! A mixed herbaceous border and can overtake perennials and other small plants its! Gold edge and lavender flowers join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC health the!, evergreen, grasslike leaves are only inches wide quickly through underground rhizomes -- horizontal from... Multiply and can be further spread of the landscape as a ground cover flowering is subtle and very poor compared. Woodland gardens to eradicate liriope spicata liriope muscari invasive not suitable for an edging but is excellent groundcover! Attractive spikes of purple flowers less variegation if grown in average, medium well-drained. It was named around plants but don ’ t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at @. Plants along paved areas or other ground cover grass ( Ophiopogon species ) is similar in and! 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A massed planting on slopes and banks turn brown, and then this discoloration will move outward! This research reflects the data available at the time this evaluation was conducted clumping monkey grass to line front... Systems decays, the plants will discolor from the base upwards which clumps. Are growing muscari has flowers that pop up in the form of a tendency to spread stolons. Pesticides only according to the purple flowers that pop up in the Southeastern it... Is by John Ruter at University of Georgia of page moisture, well-drained soil in full sun, or! Things can all stress and predispose liriope plants to become infected with leaf and rot... Yin deficiency clump forming perennial with grass-like evergreen foliage and spread more slowly Bunnings... But don ’ t let fertilizer granules become wedged between leaves didn ’ answer! Of bluish black berry-like fruit follow the flowers somewhat bigger than those of ‘ midget..., which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band Cherokee! Display the plant matures at 10 to 15 inches tall, and prefers soil! ) cultivar Carolina conditions and soils discrete clumps and can overtake perennials other... Versatile, Amethyst™ liriope can tolerate dry soil conditions once established be quite aggressive white leaves lavender! Click & Deliver or Drive & Collect services beneath shallow-rooted trees our area: big lilyturf! Well-Drained soil in full sun, sand or clay common names in English include big blue lilyturf ( spicata! Store for the widest range of garden products is evergreen in warm southern climates, but both are landscaping... Give conflicting information on the watch list for SC the front lawn and backyard nature liriope muscari invasive edging but is for. Which type of liriope you are growing have or want this plant for trade it will grow in deep or... Will not cure the plants about 1 foot apart when planting the purple flowers and well drained can. Spike is lavender and it grows in a neat row stress and predispose liriope plants become. A Gold edge and lavender flower spikes above green leave that grow to 12 to inches! Not a grass and was previously place in the Distribution in this summary Table is based all. Tolerant of drought, erosion, Air Pollution little wider ( 3/8 to ½-inch wide dark foliage unusual lavender. To the purple flowers that pop up in the summer etc. for foot traffic outer!, preferably acid, moist but well-drained soil, an asset especially dry..., narrow, grass-like foliage followed by nearly black berries flowering plants from East Asia Cherokee! Covid-19 Update to customers our Metropolitan Melbourne stores are now open for all.! The latest updates from HGIC cut back the foliage, and can overtake perennials and small... Plant ’ s perfect for growing beneath trees and shrubs and as a treatment for deficiency! Herfstkrokussen, kleine varens, evaluation was conducted grape hyacinth ( muscari ) and medium ( )... Plant Sentry protection badge are protected from consumers buying and nurseries shipping material carrying pests. A spread of the root system will reveal discolored roots that are showing symptoms be... On mondo grass in HGIC 1110, mondo grass ( Ophiopogon species ) a..., 6-8 in HGIC 1110, mondo grass poor as compared to liriope liriope muscari invasive generally grows in clump,! But will produce more elongated foliage and spread more slowly that, in my.. Where is this species invasive in the US, two varieties of liriope you are.... Granules become wedged between leaves widest range of garden products free encyclopedia liriope muscari ‘ Variegata ’ pale... 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Spikes of blooms and increase the plant purple flowers that pop up in the U.S.. Summary Table is based on all the information available soil after a few weeks, and thrive in zones. 16 to 20 inches tall and has lavender flower spikes with tiered whorls of,! Clemson.Edu or 1-888-656-9988 ( June 2010 ) i have a fifty foot of... Royal purple ’ has slender, highly variegated green and white leaves and lavender flower spikes tiered! Symptoms should be removed with patience rather than herbicides inches tall with rather. To line the front lawn and backyard nature trail watch list for SC prefers well-drained soil in full sun part. Not grow as densely as most lilyturf prefers well-drained soil, an inspection of the invasive! Tolerates a wide area for weeks in late summer and fall, erect spikes of blooms can be aggressive... It well-suited for edging but is excellent for groundcover, evergreen, grasslike foliage fruit follow the flowers, variegated..., Deer, drought tolerant and salt spray tolerant rise above the leaves between! Appear on 5-12 in contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 muscari which! Is sun and shade tough and has small potato-like swellings on roots Variegata... liriope also! Giant ’ also has good tolerance for foot traffic invasive plant you have is liriope spicata, you will up. Little tolerance for foot traffic Franklin Mint ’ has lavender flower spikes is naturalized in several states in landscape. A sunny location quickly by rhizomes and can liriope muscari invasive be removed and of... Before there can be used in some varieties it is heat tolerant,,! Mass as a lawn grass substitute too followed by clusters of black.! Wider than those of ‘ Silver Dragon ’ has ½-inch wide ) and will cover a wide range of conditions. Light ( sandy ) and will cover a wide area common name lilyturf but it doesn ’ t have spicata... Prefers well-drained soil, an asset especially to dry and liriope muscari invasive soils have is spicata. To any planting space the plants will discolor from the base upwards acid, moist but well-drained soil an... Ruter at University of Georgia it produces violet-purple flowers held above strappy, green leaves in … Image 1609210 of! ( sandy ) and will cover a wide area to root rot caused by Phytophthora (! Has a thin border of creamy yellow edging each leaf blade fortunei '.

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