Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) Viral infections are spread from person to person - they are a contagious disease. The infection causes uncontrollable coughing fits that result in a “whooping” sound and make it difficult to breathe. The cause is unknown, but it is not due to an infectious cause, therefore: it does not spread and become contagious. Thus, one must follow precautionary measures. Viruses causing cold and flu can easily spread and a … This causes the air sacs in the lungs to become filled with pus and liquid, making it more difficult for a person to breathe. Most bronchitis cases are caused by viruses, whereas most pneumonia cases are due to bacteria. Shortness of breath means that you feel like breathing is difficult or that you can’t breathe in completely. Talk to a doctor now. Unlike the others, NTM lung disease is not known to be contagious. The usual interstitial pneumonitis (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis) is not contagious. Each type of NTM affects the body differently. Not all lung infections can be prevented, but you can minimize your risk with the following tips: For those at greater risk, the best way to prevent bacterial pneumonia from the most common strains of bacteria is with one of two vaccines: A lung infection causes symptoms similar to the cold or flu, but may be more severe and typically last longer. The doctor will measure your temperature and listen to your chest with a stethoscope to check for crackling sounds. You’ll usually feel sluggish and tired as your body fights off an infection. Bacterial or viral respiratory infections that cause acute bronchitis means that this type of bronchitis is contagious. We consider upper respiratory infections in cats to be very contagious, and it is not uncommon for a normal-looking kitten to be adopted from a shelter, only to start sneezing within a few days, followed shortly by all of the other cats in the house. Genetics and environmental factors play into these diseases somewhat, but they’re mostly caused by the choices you make… like what you eat, how often you exercise, whether you smoke, whether you drink, how stressful your job is, etc. Common Cold Quiz. Get the free app for Doctors. Usually, people develop a viral lung infection by first developing a cold. The common cold, the most common form of upper-respiratory infection, is most contagious during the first two or three days that a person exhibits symptoms, according to MedlinePlus. Lung disease doesn’t play favourites. Besides this bacterium, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) or staph bacteria might also spread, if one comes in contact with an infected person. Talk to a doctor now. In case of a person affected by a bacterial infection, it has been seen that there is a likelihood of bacteria spreading to others even a couple of days after the patient starts the course of antibiotics. Bronchitis is more likely to be caused by a virus than by bacteria. Fungal lip infection. Then, antifungal medicines can be given either by mouth or through a drip. Would you like to write for us? Infection with the new coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).The virus spreads by respiratory droplets released when an infected person coughs, sneezes, breathes, sings, or talks.These droplets can be inhaled or land in the mouth, nose, or eyes of a person nearby; this is called droplet transmission. Connect by text or video with a U.S. board-certified doctor now — wait time is less than 1 minute! Fungal meningitis and bloodstream infections are less common than skin and lung infections but can be life-threatening. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert. Depending on the results of these diagnostic tests, doctors will recommend the use of antibiotics, antiviral drugs, or antifungal drugs for treating a respiratory tract infection. From infections to…, High systolic blood pressure is a sign of high blood pressure, even if your diastolic blood pressure is normal. Last medically reviewed on April 8, 2019. While all these components work in conjunction and help us breathe, it is within the lungs, that the vital exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. Contributing factors such as the reproduction of a virus, the ability to live outside the body and the method of transmission have an effect on whether a viral infection is contagious. It is therefore important to cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze, and to wash your hands regularly. When lungs get infected, the act of breathing would no longer be effortless. Here is a list of breathing disorders with information on symptoms, causes, treatment and disease management. Symptoms include a stuffy nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and maybe a fever. Pneumonia, which affects the smaller air sacs of the lungs, is most often caused … Pneumonia, or a lung infection, occurs when bacteria, viruses and sometimes fungi collect in a person’s lungs and begin to grow. Larger droplets fall out of the air due to gravity. Asthma. These cookies do not store any personal information. Symptoms of a lung infection are very similar to COPD symptoms, which can make it difficult to diagnose. A lung infection is not contagious in itself, but certain causal organisms that lead to such infections can be passed on to others through physical contact. It can also be a hospital acquired bacterial infection or a community acquired staph infection due to inhalation of the pathogens or by aspiration of the respiratory secretions of an infected individual. Hospitalized patients may be at a greater risk of catching an infection due to their weakened immune system. A fungal lung infection will require treatment with an antifungal medication, such as ketoconazole or voriconazole. One of the most common types of lung infections is called pneumonia. Good hygiene. These data and experience with other viral respiratory infections indicate that most persons recovered from COVID-19 who test persistently or recurrently positive by RT-PCR are likely no longer infectious. A lung infection is a painful and uncomfortable condition which can be caused by a variety of different elements. Chest infections often follow colds or flu. Since air that we inhale might contain harmful germs or environmental pollutants, there is a great need to protect our respiratory system. Bronchitis is a respiratory illness that can be contagious and it causes coughing, breathing difficulties, and possible wheezing. The air sacs may become filled with pus and fluid, which can make breathing more difficult, cause chest pain, and lead to a cough that is different from a person's usual chronic cough associated with their disease. If you are standing or sitting near an infected person when he/she coughs or sneezes, you might inhale the respiratory secretions, and that might make you susceptible to an infection. Hospital-acquired bacterial infection, as the name suggests, occurs as a result of pathogens spreading in a hospital setting. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung disease is a serious infection caused by bacteria that are common in the environment and can cause lung damage. Dr. Heidi Fowler answered. it's typically brought on by smoking or some other lung damage. A chest infection affects your lungs, either in the larger airways (bronchitis) or in the smaller air sacs (pneumonia). Antibiotics won’t work on viral infections. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 1 decade ago. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Signs and Symptoms of a Lung Infection . This HealthHearty write-up provides information on such respiratory tract infections. So, treating cold or flu at the earliest will lower the risk of a lung infection as well. , pathogens could find a way into the air passages that lead to body aches when you or... You are protected rimantadine, or parainfluenza virus might also lead to the lungs are M. abscessus and kansasii... Advice of a medical history and ask about your symptoms infections can spread by direct with! Questions about your symptoms to improve your experience while you navigate through the.! 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