The word officinalis is derived from the Latin officina meaning a storeroom (of a monastery) for medicines and necessaries. Pulmonaria officinalis Var. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis) Liquid Extract 2x2 oz 4.2 out of 5 stars 7. … obscura. ). This plant is known from just three small locations in adjacent ancient Suffolk woodlands. ; Pulmonaria 'Spilled Milk': This hybrid has the familiar pink to blue flowers. Its distribution ranges from central Sweden and southern Finland to Central Europe. One could assume that the more spots, the sun tolerant. After flowering, the stems lay on the ground, as new leaves are grown. It literally means 'of or belonging in an officina', and that it was officially recognised as a medicinal herb. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Burgate Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI. Water until established. It is a rough-hairy perennial that grows to 12” tall spreading to 18” wide. In regions with mild winters the plant will often remain evergreen. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May, and the … Pulmonaria obscura is sometimes grown in Finland as an ornamental, and in olden times it was used as a medicinal herb in the same fashion as its more southern relative, Pulmonaria officinalis. The leaves of this host plant are eaten by the caterpillars of the moth Ethmia pusiella. In fact it is useful in the treatment of chest diseases and asthma. Pulmonaria has been cultivated for centuries as a medicinal herb. I planted them and nothing came up. They bloom in the springtime with tubular flowers of purple or pink. Herb: Lungwort Latin name: Pulmonaria officinalis Synonyms: Pulmonaria maculata Family: Boraginaceae (Borage Family) Medicinal use of Lungwort: Lungwort has a high mucilage content and this makes it useful in the treatment of chest conditions, being of … It is a member of the Boraginaceae, the borage family. These came in a timely manner and there were many seeds. … Details: Plant description & care. Burgate Wood, Stubbing's Wood and Gittin Wood are within 1 km of each other. Plant family: Boraginaceae Country of origin: Central Europe Eastern Europe Plant height approx. Please try again. Hardiness: Hardy. Varieties of Lungwort . The RHS also offers advice on growing the plant. Pulmonaria seeds need a period of cold to enable them to germinate. Pulmonaria officinalis is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. Pulmonaria are a shade loving plant which prefer moist, well-drained soil, in shade or semishade and in these conditions Pulmonaria will thrive and the plants naturally multiply. Pulmonaria obscura is included in the third edition of the British red data book for vascular plants and is classed as ‘Endangered’, As they eat it the ants transport the seeds to new growing places. Add compost or peat humus to loosen soil if needed to keep soil light and airy, and don’t pack the soil in after planting. obscura. However, now, on the basis of the sterility of hybrids between the two taxa , its specific status is generally accepted. There are well over a dozen species of Pulmonaria, but only a few commonly cultivated for garden use. Formerly known as Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. Two centuries ago, the Enclosures impacted on the old landscape by dismembering commons and open field systems. Plant them in a humus-rich, moisture retentive soil and in partial shade. Germination can be erratic, although most should germinate in 2 to 4 weeks. Please try again. Nomenclature: In Finland it is also called our Lady’s Milk Drops because of the pale white spots on its leaves. Pulmonaria obscura grows in deciduous and coniferous mixed forests. Pollinated flowers develop a dark schizocarp, whose carpel has a light-coloured appendage, an elaiosome, which attracts ants. A number of uncommon species are present including Herb Paris (Paris quadrifolia), Yellow Archangel (Lamiastrum galeobdolon), Hairy Woodrush (Luzula pilosa) and the rare Lungwort (Pulmonaria obscura). While many varieties have marked foliage from where they get the common name of ‘Spotted Dog’, one of the distinctions of Pulmonaria obscura is the lack of, or only faint markings on the foliage. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. Pulmonaria, commonly known as Lungwort, are wonderful shade garden plants with stunning bi-color silver and green foliage. : 1071E. Latin name: Pulmonaria officinalis Synonyms: Pulmonaria maculata Family: Boraginaceae (Borage Family) Medicinal use of Lungwort: Lungwort has a high mucilage content and this makes it useful in … Pulmonaria obscura, the Suffolk lungwort flowers early in the spring in lush woods, where it competes with hepatica and wood anemone. Most pulmonaria plants are hybrids, so growing from seed is not recommended. to help you compare the lungworts, I've arranged our selection on one page so that you can see them all side by side. Seed Catalogue No. MEDICINAL USE: Pulmonaria officinalis, is a natural plant that has been used around the world for a variety of respiratory ailments, including coughs, colds, bronchial detoxification, relieve fluid retention and even to treat lung diseases such as tuberculosis. $17.38$17.38. Formerly Pulmonaria obscura has been considered a variety or subspecies of P. officinalis and has the synonym of Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. Lungwort plants grow in clumps and reach a height of about 40 cm. It covers a total area of 18 square metres and has only 600 individual stands. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, Health Embassy Lungwort Herb (Pulmonaria officinalis L.) (50g). In their native environments they grow on a wide range of soils from acid to alkaline, dry to wet, sunny to shady, along streams and in mountains. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. obscura. They are beautiful when combined with other shade lovers such as wild Primroses and Hosta. In hot humid climates, Pulmonaria will go dormant in midsummer, reappearing when the weather cools toward autumn. Medicinal Uses: Pulmonaria like to grow in soil that is cool and moist, so they require regular watering and should be mulched in the spring. Following the Doctrine of Signatures, the ovate spotted leaves of some species were said to be representative of diseased lungs, so logically the plant must be for lung problems- or so it was thought in late medieval times. {{var product.name}} was added to your basket, {{var product.name}} was removed from your basket, Formerly Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. It is one of the earliest spring flowers, flowering with tulips and wallflowers and its smaller relative, the Forget-me-not. Immaculata = Unspotted form of the species. They have been associated finds of pottery dated as Late Saxon to Medieval - 1001 AD to 1154 AD. What are the Medicinal Properties of Lungwort (Pulmonaria Officinalis)? It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. 01963 210643 | … However, now, on the basis of the sterility of hybrids between the two taxa , its specific status is generally accepted. Try pairing your lungwort with other shade loving, low growing plants like hosta, farfugium, achimenes, heuchera, ferns, and ophiopogon. Pulmonaria prefer light to medium shade, with dappled or morning sun, so under deciduous trees is ideal, but they will generally adapt to full sun in cooler regions as long as consistent moisture is provided. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. They will tolerate full sun if the soil remains moist at all times. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. The basal leaves are green, cordate, more or less elongated and pointed and always with rounded and often sharply defined white or pale green patches. (Boraginaceae) in Suffolk’ The flower takes its colour from an anthocyanin which acts like a litmus test paper and changes colour as the cell fluid becomes more alkaline as the cells age. Free at Cambridge University Botanic Gardens. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. There was a problem completing your request. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. If you divide the clumps every few years you will be able to maintain them in your garden by producing new young plants to replace expired ones. 12" tall Pulmonaria 'Opal' = White flowers over silver blotched and spotted leaves.. Pulmonaria ‘Paul Aden' = Heavily spotted plants … Pulmonaria prefer light to medium shade, sun exposure should be either dappled or morning sun, so under deciduous trees is ideal, but they will generally adapt to full sun in cooler regions as long as consistent moisture is provided, but shade in the hottest part of the day would be beneficial. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Pulmonaria seeds need a period of cold to enable them to germinate. Considering its early flowering time, Pulmonaria attract an abundance of bees. Price: $15.11 ($1.51 / 10 Items) + shipping. Bluestone Perennials a different Pulmonaria - leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly silver! Slightly moist soils Suffolk since 1842, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its.... Plant Uses: shade and a moist one known from just three small in. 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