If you think you might have cogongrass, the easiest way to tell is to look at the leaves. The leaves are about an inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a sharp point. ~#�Ъ��3˜��r.�%X��dV���V­�[ �rC�Df ��Y�,a� K�%�f ��Y�,1���+�� This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. endstream endobj 44 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 41 0 R/Outlines 37 0 R/Pages 40 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 45 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Thumb 38 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 792.0 612.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <> endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj [/ICCBased 75 0 R] endobj 51 0 obj [82 0 R] endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream | Prescribed Burning (Part 2) - YouTube Cogongrass invading forested area. Long, yellow-green leaves with light, off-center midveins arise from near the base of the plant, with a short, usually hidden stem. Cogon grass description. This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. 93 0 obj <>stream The Cogongrass Control Program’s goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Cogongrass leaves have offset mid-ribs, meaning that the central line running down the blade of grass is further to one side than the other. 0000230323 00000 n Cogongrass  is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. Meaning of cogon grass. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. R�v0��V+!������0 ���E0 Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States.Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. Cogongrass spreads by both seed and root fragmentation (rhizomes). Management of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the same time. These factors can spell trouble for people and structures near large infestations. Based on the chemical and surface morphological properties analyses, cogon grass is a good alternative fibre resource especially for pulp and paper making industries. 0000003900 00000 n 0000003865 00000 n %%EOF Many land managers actively and aggressively manage cogongrass and Auburn University researchers have been working on solutions for cogongrass for … December 21, 2019. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. Cogongrass can invade pastures, natural or planted forests, riparian areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas, and wetlands. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … &�� 6'� Biological Control of Cogongrass: Progress and Perspectives James P. Cuda1, William A. Overholt2, and Purnama Hidayat3 1Entomology & Nematology Dept., Gainesville, FL 2Retired, Biological Control Research & Containment Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 3Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia IFAS-FTGA Great CEU Roundup, McCarty GOO1, 25 July 2018 All work will … Cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. 0000145501 00000 n H�\��j�@E���^&��WuU��� x1�3 KmGKB����20�$��]��"�t����nv��ihav��o�pnS�1��>��v���n��\�1I����:�˾? E��E6;��:���#����:I���� N������z����X�N�g�I�_�2[0W4�}�)]J�?L�E�%S?��N��f�֪��b���֊w0�U=�l��+�D�Λ �ú&��w���@o�d>K���xV��4է$�9b��Cp�h�p/k��NY&�8�m^��[8JY�v]{L-�j4���m�����h��^�y>��Ԃ��#�'ɢ�$��ߩ�C��`0,�z6�k�R��c��M}�O�5�{U�f�:(w�w3�#���|�Quu��Z�Q�#��H�Q�/F[�dh��S�q>.�T����$�i��BK���*��-tr�`�E+ųD�r�fO����xF6R�^�k�+͵��Yg���72Ek�@'�] |�I|v��q��Yxʫ����{��-!yI� )�bdt�3��2.2�8dz�[a���x����p�b������;b|2���o_1A����&6��˸��� s�qOi��+_�9>�X���B_��lԳ8� ��`& Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the world’s ten worst weeds and has already invaded 153 billion acres worldwide.Cogongrass is becoming established in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana, and has now been found in South Carolina. 0000011389 00000 n 0000121994 00000 n 0000004038 00000 n List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. They are used with permission. 0000010226 00000 n Cogongrass prefers sandy soils with low nutrient levels, although it will inhabit more fertile sites. Cogon grass is a tall (2-5 ft.) perennial grass with bright yellowy-green foliage. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. 0000005466 00000 n ��4xEف�. The plural of cogon grass is cogon grass. 0000032325 00000 n 0000002904 00000 n 0000007664 00000 n Meaning of cogongrass. Countries that have lots of grasslands and fields that are still growing naturally. Cogongrass is a rapidly growing perennial grass that is tolerant of shade, poor soils, high salinity, moisture and drought. Senesced leaves appear light orange-brown in color. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height. Cogon definition, a tall, coarse grass, Imperata cylindrica, of the tropics and subtropics, used widely for thatching. • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations They may alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of the area. N�( Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. The seed head is … Find more words at wordhippo.com! xref Methods of control. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica), an invasive grass from Asia, is considered "the seventh worst weed in the world".It was introduced, accidently, into Alabama in 1911 as seed in packing materials from Japan. You may use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Senesced leaves appear light orange-brown in color. Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. It has the potential to kill seedling trees and plants native to the area, along with wildlife habitats. Cogongrass is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. It tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat. 0000338593 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. Cogongrass is native to Southeast Asia. 0000145570 00000 n 6/15: Aquatic Vegetation- Beneficial or Pest? 0000011852 00000 n <<0109EBF736B432499C105B8E92DEE75C>]/Prev 868840>> What is Cogon Grass? Imperata cylindrica is also known as japgrass, bladygrass, speargrass, alang-alang and lalang-lalang (Dozier et al.1998). It tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. ��+� 1��� 0000008336 00000 n Non-native plants threaten the native organisms in an area. What does cogon grass mean? H�\��n�0��y��C��BZi+q���h0�(�o?W��H�_����A^�N:x��-q�M�j�c����S�H׭���o�jP%��8aW��Wi���'?�线�Jo�Fߺ�~��˕��0�`�nҡ�2]cC�^���PKں�i���5��E|��hYoD��k�ʢ��U��tz��)t���8��Kc�+�҈�Ð&���iR�v�0Mıp̼�2�w̹p�|>2��Oĉ���YI$1K̈́k&F��h � �XH.p.$� 3�Ԅ��h�{�=�A��,^���x����]ߕ_�}�iX���u�iX���u�@?��U�٨���'��{j���>�h>�t�MY��_ t�� 0000032050 00000 n It typically occurrs in leaning mats when over 3 feet tall. Cogongrass occurs as a weed in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia. Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. 0000006907 00000 n 0000011414 00000 n This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. endstream endobj 61 0 obj <>stream Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand … Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! gon grass n. A perennial grass native chiefly to Southeast Asia and Africa that is used for thatching and is widespread as a weed in warm regions.... Cogongrass - definition of cogongrass by The Free Dictionary. ��7�q�O�O`��Z��j� %PDF-1.7 %���� The large underground root structure lives through the fire, allowing the cogongrass blades to regrow – but competing plants are roasted alive. It is very invasive plant that should not be propagated. Because of its rough edges and silica bodies found throughout the leaves, it is mostly unpalatable to native wildlife species. gon grass n. A perennial grass native chiefly to Southeast Asia and Africa that is used for thatching and is widespread as a weed in warm regions It can be found along the side of roads and in ditches. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. How To Identify Cogongrass. any of the coarse tropical grasses of the genus Imperata, esp I. cylindrica and I. exaltata of the Philippines, which are used for thatching Word Origin for cogon from Spanish cogón, from Tagalog … Cogongrass is highly flammable, and thrives where fire is a regular occurrence. Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. endstream endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj <>stream This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. 5/18: Water Quality for Fisheries Management. Biological Control of Cogongrass: Progress and Perspectives James P. Cuda1, William A. Overholt2, and Purnama Hidayat3 1Entomology & Nematology Dept., Gainesville, FL 2Retired, Biological Control Research & Containment Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 3Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia IFAS-FTGA Great CEU Roundup, McCarty GOO1, 25 July 2018 Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; I. cylindrica is a serious weed not only in crops but also in natural areas, causing serious economic and environmental damage. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Cogon grass seed germination rates and survival rates of newly germinated seedlings were not significantly affected by gap size or disturbance type (King and Grace, 2000b). Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. 0000004885 00000 n This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. More . Definition of cogongrass in the Definitions.net dictionary. 0000010846 00000 n 2018. Synonyms for cogon grass include cogon, blady grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Beware of Cogon Grass. 0000001851 00000 n 43 51 Cogon grass is a C 4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). What does cogongrass mean? It tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat. Cogongrass in Arkansas. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. 0000035365 00000 n Long, yellow-green leaves with light, off-center midveins arise from near the base of the plant, with a short, usually hidden stem. Definition of cogon grass in the Definitions.net dictionary. Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). endstream endobj 56 0 obj <> endobj 57 0 obj <>stream It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. See more. (2000). Cogongrass fires are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires. endstream endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <>stream A�� (8�&Mz�Ǫ8VE���K������ы�G/�^�X282X�3�wfI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdYi�JWw����|�@��,գ �l�.>��i�?v�}��I=ϑ�:M�I�V:;�F?���6�GG��? H�\�ݎ�0�Ϲ��L��k;��5�`��^ BuIV$����>�I�D�hߟ���v��Y�?�s��:�C7���:�A�ñ�R��o����ԌY�n�9����-*�^��^V�y^���ԅ����w�{U��:��)�*�r��p�}m�o�)�< {�v�y?����7~�Ơt�3����i��ǐ-�x-�b�e����a�C�����&�^�X&��w��>� T'*h ��HC�B)P YHC2��z�,�9hy��%�5�J��"x�x�h�^4^//����Ƌ�E�.�k��N�B��>�> } Find more words at wordhippo.com! H�tSMs�0��+�hg��� d����N��B��`Y����w�H:� ky���z�n&���. 43 0 obj <> endobj 0000002354 00000 n trailer Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; I. cylindrica is a serious weed not only in crops but also in natural areas, causing serious economic and environmental damage. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Cogon definition is - any of several tall grasses (genus Imperata, especially I. cylindrica) of southeastern Asia used especially for thatching, fodder, and erosion control. 0000005720 00000 n 0000006201 00000 n ‘The first leg of the climb consists of wading through giant cogon grasses on a steep, exposed trail.’ ‘More rocks, with occasional thermal heat, and thick cogon grasses beckoned as we dragged ourselves up, fatigue starting to catch up.’ 0000100934 00000 n �X+���S�)�� 0000145650 00000 n “Burning Cogon Grass” or Ningas-Kugon Kills Filipino Success. 0000004638 00000 n A wide variety of cogon grass options are available to you, such as soccer. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. The rhizomes are hard, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips. Usually, landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the land infected by the said plant. c�����?�W�+��z�yf_���l�RG��c,�%��Α�Α�Α�Α�Α����?N�oS�?g���lc5���紏��- 0000165801 00000 n Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. The leaf blades have a midvein which is clearly offset to one side, and serrated (toothed) edges. Windblown seed can move several miles in air currents and plants can produce up to 3,000 seeds per season. What is Cogongrass? Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Cogon is a barangay in the city of Tagbilaran, in the province of Bohol, Philippines.Located centrally in the city, Cogon overlooks Tagbilaran Bay to the west, to the south it is bounded by Poblacion 2, to the east by Dampas and Dao and to the north by Booy. Cogon grass forms dense stands that displace native plant communities. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. �\�Tc��"@��&t�� CN��[���>I�܁��2������2��$$@"aUё�F" 0000032647 00000 n Cogongrass can be found on roadsides, mining sites, pits, and other areas where there is soil disturbances, and has been known to invade moist to dry upland pines. Cogongrass is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. Cogongrass is non-nativeto the United States. Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica.. ETYMOLOGY: The English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón, which is from the Tagalog word kugon.. Cogongrass been called Japanese bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed that’s a more invasive species than kudzu in the southeastern United States. 0000002483 00000 n The increasing demand in wood fibre consumptions especially in pulp and paper making … Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. startxref It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. 0000013148 00000 n Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Usually, landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the land infected by the said plant. Identifying cogongrass is easy once you’ve seen it once and know what to look for. 0000121538 00000 n 0000145685 00000 n Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. 874 cogon grass products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which hay accounts for 1%, artificial grass & sports flooring accounts for 1%, and other garden ornaments & water features accounts for 1%. 0000166466 00000 n 0000001316 00000 n Distribution. Information and translations of cogongrass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 0000069469 00000 n 0000010986 00000 n 0000069549 00000 n Cogongrass Biology. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. State forestry officials are warning of an invasive weed that chokes out native plants. Synonyms for cogon grass include cogon, blady grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. 0 Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States.. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) 0000006454 00000 n Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrical (L.) P. 3. h�b``�c``�����:ۗA�؀���c���@�.�Y��Yc.��^'�;Scۥ�:���X��lTEZZ4��RR6F� M��3�d�` �f`]�@G�g�b0l�����`�o0opm��s`���t�ѹa���%��g�� ՜kX���2���%" :N� ��X�~`�`۳��A�A����|���O�}W��c�n�r�}�.����_j�@� �aud�R�X�o�H�2��?�*�b-^��P�&� !�J� 0000166062 00000 n }��4���4���4���4���48�8��)4�hBPp( It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Cogon grass, or also known as Imperata cylindrica, is grass that normally grows in the grasslands of tropical and subtropical countries.Native to Asia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. Cogongrass is among the world’s most invasive weed species, The Sun Herald reported. Regular field monitoring Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. (.�1_�����c��r�o��:rmb��^Q����OA��S��������y�|j� Cogongrass is an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is not going to go away on its own. 0000009653 00000 n Several thousand acres are infested with cogongrass in the southeastern United States; more than 1.2 billion acres are infested worldwide. 0000003925 00000 n It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. The plural of cogon grass is cogon grass. This species is wide-spread in Florida, Alabama and Mississippi and is starting to spread in Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee. Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. 0000121278 00000 n IU��W|x���{ش�1}����%�t9��o��n�?�3�>��>W,�s�4C�c݄���!���Z��-��I����k�c�S�^OIU��Y�D~&?�W�xKނw���� H�dSQo� ~���GgJ]p��Jզ&S�V{��=4�D0�Ym�I����]�a��� �*�^� , YIK��� endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>stream In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. Once established, cogon grass becomes increasingly tolerant of flooding. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Seed and rhizomes move even farther when hitchhiking on equipment, mulch, and fill materials. In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. Cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot COMMON NAMES: cogongrass, blady grass, santintail, alang-alang, kunai, paillotte NATIVE RANGE: Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan DESCRIPTION: Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass (Poaceae) that grows approximately 2 to over 4 feet in height. About the Cogongrass Control Program. H�\��j�@F��)�2��e�l� ��?������+��/���O_H�i�X�����n������t�>uY��-��z�[������m~��ft���I/�t\]��m^�|�/�p�GW|˝�>��ï�����8�ы��/�f�;=Y�/�����/氧}g��t��_������}I�v��:6��&����6�~�k�4u����;���Mvu��[�����ef[\]-g��xE^�+r��#9�����5y f� Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 0000009022 00000 n Cogon grass invasion by seed may therefore be limited by excessive moisture in the spring, during early seedling development. Is non-native to the United States is cogon grass //plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018.!, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant young infestations are easier. Side, and serrated ( toothed ) edges in leaning mats when 3..., landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the leaves in … the plural of grass... Burning cogon grass ” or ningas-kugon Kills Filipino Success move even farther when hitchhiking on equipment,,. 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