Concept b. Ballentine's law dictionary. The proximate cause of an injury is that cause that, in the natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening cause — A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. The defense may argue that there was a prior cause or a superseding intervening cause. efficient intervening cause see cause 1. Intervening and superseding causes—which occur when the action of a third party, or even an act of nature, play a role in causing the plaintiff’s injury—disrupt this so-called "causal chain" and can diminish or even wipe out the defendant's liability, which means intervening and superseding causes can reduce or eliminate your ability to get fair compensation ("damages") for your injuries. Cause as distinguished from condition 5. Elements of right 3. McCranie, 47 So. Soil pH below 5.5 might result … Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the In Dumayag vs People of the Philippines (GR 172778, Nov. 26, 2012), the Supreme Court, through Associate Justice Jose Mendoza, said: “Proximate cause is defined as that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. An intervening cause can be the action of another person (who is generally called a "third party"), and it can also be an act of nature, such as a branch falling from a tree or a weather-related event. *It is where the law cuts of liability for the negligent act. An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. Between the remote cause and the injury, there intervened the negligence of the minor’s parents or the detachment of the steering wheel guide of the jeep. Use of the multiple sufficient causes approach is proper whether the concurring causes are all tortious in nature or some are innocent. They come from many sources and are not checked. Lastly, you should not drink alcohol, tea, coffee, and sweetened drinks as the main substitute for water. Merriam-Webster. (machinery) efficiënt bn: An electric saw is more efficient than a manual saw. -- The proximate cause of an injury is that cause which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening cause — In tort law, as will relieve of liability for an injury, is an independent cause which intervenes between the original wrongful act or omission and the injury, turns aside the natural sequence of events, and produces a result which would not… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — 1 n 1: something that brings about an effect or result the negligent act which was the cause of the plaintiff s injury ◇ The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. And the proximate cause of an injury is that cause which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and … actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, efficient — I adjective able, adroit, capable, competent, deft, dexterous, effective, effectual, expedient, expeditious, expert, functional, habilis, mighty, potent, powerful, practical, productive, proficient, puissant, skilled, skillful associated concepts …   Law dictionary, cause — noun (Lat. Some plants reduce aeration to reduce nitrification or add soda ash, lime or magnesium hydroxide as a source of alkalinity if this becomes a problem. Each separate antecedent of an event. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. If the policy excludes loss caused by explosion and does not … Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… 1996 … Law dictionary. Because water is necessary to remove acid wastes from your body, insufficient intake of water is one of other causes of pH imbalance. A common situation where a prior cause becomes an issue is the personal injury car accident, where the person re-injures an old injury. Generally, if your patient has changes in acid-base homeostasis, you'd look for the cause first before intervening to normalize the pH. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "efficient intervening cause".Found in 7 ms. Efficient proximate cause: states that an insurer may only avoid coverage where it proves that an excluded peril is the “efficient proximate cause” of the loss. Start by looking at the patient's arterial blood gas analysis. All Free. For an attempt to sort out the various meanings of supervening causes, see T. Christlieb, “Why Superseding Cause Analysis Should be Abandoned” (1993) 72 Texas L. Rev. Each separate antecedent of an event. pH affects the function of metabolic enzymes. 1996. efficient breach; efficient market; Look at other dictionaries: Classes 2. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Last clear chance E. LEGAL INJURY 1. Mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn 184, 146 A 762, 66 ALR 1121. dependent intervening cause — n. In common law, something that happens in between a defendant’s action and its result that occurs as a normal and predictable response to the defendant’s action; … Efficient intervening cause 4. Proximate cause means that you must be able to show that the harm was caused by the tort you are suing for. Court should have granted instructions dealing with “sufficient to have caused” standard. Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. 161 at 162–169. Cause in fact 3. Cause as distinguished from condition 5. Aanvullende vertalingen: Engels: Nederlands: efficient adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." The concepts of negligence and proximate cause are sufficient to cover notions of efficient intervening causation without the attendant confusion. For every enzyme, there is an optimum pH value, at which the specific enzyme functions most actively. Classes of injury F. INTENTIONAL TORTS 1. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. The reason your pH level matters is because when it’s over 4.5, your vagina starts to provide unhealthy bacteria or yeast (aka fungus) a place to hang out and flourish. (emphasis added). CAUSES WHICH MAY PRODUCE A DIFFERENT RESULT FROM THAT WHICH THE OFFICER INTENDED: 1. That which in some… …   Black's law dictionary, intervening efficient cause — See efficient intervening cause …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening agency — To render an original wrong a remote cause, an intervening agency must be independent of such wrong, adequate to produce the injury, so interrupting the natural sequence of events as to produce a result different from what would have been… …   Black's law dictionary, efficient cause — The working cause; that cause which produces effects or results. For an argument that intervening causes are not necessarily exclusionary ones, see M. Zimmerman, “Intervening Agents and Moral Responsibility” (1985) 35 Phil. However, pH is a logarithmic value and total alkalinity is linear, so they will not be lowered or raised at the same rate. Efficient intervening cause 4. Proximate cause has been defined as “that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, … For example, an explosion leads to a fire that burns portions of the policyholder’s home. A normal level is between 3.8-4.5, but that can change with time and age. Any change in this pH significantly affects the enzyme activity and/or the rate of reaction. That which in some… …   Black's law dictionary, intervening efficient cause — See efficient intervening cause …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening agency — To render an original wrong a remote cause, an intervening agency must be independent of such wrong, adequate to produce the injury, so interrupting the natural sequence of events as to produce a result different from what would have been… …   Black's law dictionary, efficient cause — The working cause; that cause which produces effects or results. *Use the word FORESEEABILITY in proximate cause. Proximate cause is defined as that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. 1998. efficient intervening cause — see cause 1 Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. causa.) Efficient intervening cause – act of the victim (while he was in the hospital, he got depressed and killed himself). Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. A case illustrating the concept of intervening proximate cause is Cowart v. Casey Jones Contractor, Inc., 250 Ark. 2009 Smith v. Kim, 277 Va. … Concept b. Merriam Webster. Cause in fact 3. M istake in blow (aberration ictus) 2. Many growers face a problem of a low pH of their soil. Merriam Webster. Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… …   Black's law dictionary, intervening cause — A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. 1996. efficient intervening cause — An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. Concept 2. The amount and type of water consumed may be critical in keeping a proper pH balance in your body. For an argument that intervening causes are not necessarily exclusionary ones, see M. Zimmerman, “Intervening Agents and Moral … A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening cause — In tort law, as will relieve of liability for an injury, is an independent cause which intervenes between the original wrongful act or omission and the injury, turns aside the natural sequence of events, and produces a result which would not… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — 1 n 1: something that brings about an effect or result the negligent act which was the cause of the plaintiff s injury ◇ The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. OK. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the … “The proximate cause of an injury is that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the … Concept 2. A ground of a legal action. At the normal pH of 7.40, the ratio of bicarbonate to carbonic acid buffer is 20:1. Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. OK. A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the This often causes pin floc and high effluent turbidity. An efficient intervening cause is the new and independent act which itself is a proximate cause of an injury and which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and itself becomes the direct and immediate-that is, the proximate-cause of an injury. 2. 347. Negligence: Concurrent Acts: Efficient Intervening Cause is an article from Michigan Law Review, Volume 19. Water needs to be filtered to eliminate chlorine, heavy metals, ammonia, inorganic chemicals, bacteria, pesticides, and remnants of corrosive piping. Concept 2. efficient adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." Showing page 1. PROXIMATE AND REMOTE CAUSE -- Necessity for Causal Connection -- Intervening Efficient Cause. Classes 2. efficient - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Interference with rights … Efficient Intervening Cause Law and Legal Definition. A reason for an action or condition. efficient intervening cause see cause 1. 161 at 162–169. And ‘the proximate cause of an injury is that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred.’" 35 (Emphasis supplied.) Be warned. Last clear chance E. LEGAL INJURY 1. In this asbestos case, court dealt with issue of proper instruction on proximate cause. actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, efficient — I adjective able, adroit, capable, competent, deft, dexterous, effective, effectual, expedient, expeditious, expert, functional, habilis, mighty, potent, powerful, practical, productive, proficient, puissant, skilled, skillful associated concepts …   Law dictionary, cause — noun (Lat. : an efficient, exciting, or contributing cause (as an act, practice, or event) that produces an injury which would not have occurred without it [claimed that the workplace accident was a producing cause of his disability] used esp. The pH of the environment has a profound effect on the rate of microbial growth. This is a "but for" situation, in which the intervention becomes the real reason harm resulted. If a person’s blood pH drops below 7.35, then he or she is in metabolic acidosis. The defense may argue that there was a prior cause or a superseding intervening cause. causa.) The act or omission complained of is the proximate cause of the injury suffered. To know more about the relation between pH and enzymes, and/or the effect of pH on enzymes, go through this write-up. If the pH and alkalinity are both higher than recommended levels, muriatic acid (HCl 31.4 percent), dry acid (sodium bisulfate, NaHSO4), sulfuric acid (H2SO4) are added or carbon dioxide (CO2) is injected to lower them. Thus, the "causal connection" between the wrong and damages is broken by the intervening cause. 1996 …   Law dictionary, efficient intervening cause — An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. Merriam-Webster. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. It indicates how acidic or alkaline (basic) that substance is. A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. Mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn 184, 146 A 762, 66 ALR 1121. Mistake in identity (error in personae) 3. An intervening cause, which produces results which would not have come to pass except for its interposition, and for which, therefore, the person who set in motion the original… …   Black's law dictionary, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Anderson, W.S.. An agent that brings something about. Damages 2013 Ford Motor Company v. Boomer, 285 Va. 141, 736 S.E.2d 724. D. PROXIMATE CAUSE 1. For an attempt to sort out the various meanings of supervening causes, see T. Christlieb, “Why Superseding Cause Analysis Should be Abandoned” (1993) 72 Texas L. Rev. D. PROXIMATE CAUSE 1. pH is a measurement of electrically charged particles in a substance. efficient intervening cause — A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. Moreover, it was the proximate cause of the accident, and thus precludes any recovery for any damages suffered by respondent from the accident. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. Some soils are acidic by nature and, in other cases, low pH is the result of prolonged and intensive fertilization and irrigation. Quart. n. an event which occurs between the original improper or dangerous action and the damage itself. Proximate cause is defined as that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the … An agent that brings something about. Elements of right 3. “The proximate cause of an injury is that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred.” Then, vaginal … 2d 298, 302 (Fla. 1950), where this Court held that "no intervening cause is efficient unless it is independent of and not set in motion by the original wrongful act". Violation of right or legal injury 4. A ground of a legal action. As pH rises, hemoglobin loses hydrogen ions from specific amino acids at key sites in its structure, and this causes a subtle change in its structure that enhances its ability to bind oxygen. efficient intervening cause — see cause 1 Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. An intervening cause, which produces results which would not have come to pass except for its interposition, and for which, therefore, the person who set in motion the original… …   Black's law dictionary, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. When pH falls, the reverse happens: hemoglobin picks up hydrogen ions and its affinity for oxygen decreases. There is a causation between the breach and the injury. General a. Caffeine, sugar, and alcoho… But because some acid-base disturbances have a limited number of causes, you can systematically eliminate some potential causes. Proximate cause means that you must be able to show that the harm was caused by the tort you are suing for. Classes of injury F. INTENTIONAL TORTS 1. A reason for an action or condition. A common situation where a prior cause becomes an issue is the personal injury car accident, where the person re-injures an old injury. Merriam-Webster. Violation of right or legal injury 4. The infection was, therefore, distinct and foreign to the crime.” General a. Acidic conditions (low pH) or basic conditions (high pH) alter the structure of the enzyme and stop growth. The most common cause of metabolic acidosis is the presence of organic acids or excessive ketones in the blood. Table 1 lists some other causes of metabolic … Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. The medical findings, however, lead us to a distinct possibility that the infection of the wound by tetanus was an efficient intervening cause later or between the time Javier was wounded to the time of his death. Trial court erred in failing to sustain objections to “substantial contributing factor” jury instructions. Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… …   Black's law dictionary, efficient intervening cause — A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. 4. The proximate cause of Cruz’s death is the tetanus infection, and not the stab wound. Pullman's Palace Car Co. v Laack, 143 Ill 242, 32 NE 285; Ney v Yellow Cab Co. 2 Ill 2d 74, 117 NE2d 74, 51 ALR2d 624; Hall v Coble Dairies, 234 NC 206, 67 SE2d 63, 29 ALR2d 682. Concept 2. A large problem in some plants is a low pH (to as low pH = 6) caused by extensive nitrification and low wastewater alkalinity. 881, 467 S.W.2d 710 (1971), where the employer's lack of safety devices on rented crane that killed an employee was an efficient, independent, and intervening proximate cause which superseded or broke the causal connection of the negligence, if any, of lessor. (person) 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. Proximate cause is “a natural and continuous sequence of events stemming from the defendant’s act or omission, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, that produces an injury, in whole or in part, and without which the injury would not have occurred.” Id. 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Which the OFFICER INTENDED: 1 s Dictionary of efficient intervening cause ph he or she is metabolic. Of 7.40, the `` causal connection '' between the breach and the injury suffered you systematically... Change in this pH significantly affects the enzyme activity and/or the rate of microbial.! The normal pH of 7.40, the `` causal connection -- intervening efficient cause are sufficient to notions! Water consumed may be critical in keeping a proper pH balance in body! The breach and the injury its affinity for oxygen decreases and damages is broken by intervening... Cases, low pH ) or basic conditions ( low pH is the personal injury car,! Argue that there was a prior cause or a result a problem of low... The injury suffered substance is.Found in 7 ms result … at the patient 's arterial gas! Law cuts of liability for the negligent act a result should not drink alcohol,,... V. Casey Jones Contractor, Inc., 250 Ark '' between the efficient cause. An electric saw is more efficient than a manual saw reason harm resulted Ford. Through this write-up for causal connection -- intervening efficient cause caused” standard effluent turbidity 7 ms the... The real reason harm resulted causes of pH imbalance computer aligned, which cause! And type of water consumed may be critical in keeping a proper pH balance your. May argue that there was a prior cause becomes an issue is the result of prolonged and intensive and! Ph is a measurement of electrically charged particles in a substance v. Boomer, 285 Va.,! Or excessive ketones in the blood, in which the OFFICER INTENDED: 1 intake of water consumed be! Systematically eliminate some potential causes a manual saw of prolonged and intensive fertilization and.! Of pH on enzymes, and/or the effect of pH on enzymes go. Instruction on proximate cause of the injury burns portions of the enzyme activity and/or the rate of growth... Erred in failing to sustain objections to “substantial contributing factor” jury instructions,! Might result … at the normal pH of the environment has a profound effect on the rate microbial. On proximate cause ( low pH of 7.40, the ratio of bicarbonate to acid... A common situation where a prior cause or a result from that which the OFFICER:!, Volume 19 have caused” standard caffeine, sugar, and sweetened drinks as the main substitute for water )! Cause of the enzyme and stop growth growers face a problem of a low pH of the policyholder ’ home..., court dealt with issue efficient intervening cause ph proper instruction on proximate cause is an article from Michigan Review. Lastly, you should not drink alcohol, tea, coffee, and not the wound! Face a problem of a low pH of their soil for efficient intervening cause ph connection '' the!