The Hong Kong police have not responded to a request for comment. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. More than 200 people were killed, including a radio journalist burnt alive by communist attackers—with some rioters beaten to death by police. It needs to also take concrete action more widely against breaches of the Joint Declaration and stand strong in the face of inevitable repercussions from Beijing. Hong Kong pro-democracy activist and media tycoon Jimmy Lai is escorted by Correctional Services officers to get on a prison van before appearing in a court, in Hong Kong, Saturday, Dec. 12, 2020. , updated A chief inspector in Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police in commanding the police divisions and headquarters. It comes as Hong Kong media tycoon and pro-democracy activist Jimmy Lai was arrested in a raid on his newspaper office today under the city's draconian new security law. However, the only real game-changing action the U.K. government could take would be to extend the eligibility criteria for British National Overseas (BNO) passports, held by some 3 million Hong Kongers, to include all those born in Hong Kong after 1997 or even go one step further and grant BNO holders the right of abode and right to work in Britain. Later footage subsequently revealed that Dover was also embedded in the unit. Pages 489-515 Published online: 19 Dec … Like it or loathe it drill is an essential part of soldiering and for those in the Hong Kong Police force, it’s just as important. The police response at Orgreave ran largely on HKPF hardware. At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert … He previously worked for a localist political party in Hong Kong, and served as field producer for the conflict journalism outlet Popular Front’s documentary ‘Add Oil’, which followed frontline protestors in Hong Kong in the run up to China’s national day. In 1967, with the Cultural Revolution in China reaching its crescendo, communists inspired by the activities of the Red Guards in the mainland waged a protracted insurgency in Hong Kong against the colonial government. In this Hong Kong triad movie, it's Chinese v. British—not gangster v. police. But it was also part of a legacy of police brutality, and subsequent violence from protesters, stretching back to the colonial era—and continued by the key role that British officers play in the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF). The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong.It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. Beijing's new law targets secession, subversion, terrorism and colluding with foreign forces, leading to fears it would be used to silence criticism. Only 45 expatriate officers remain on the 30,000-strong Hong Kong police force. Annie Hau-nung Chan Department of Sociology and Social Policy Lingnan University, Hong Kong & Lawrence Ka-ki Ho Department of Social Sciences The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong Correspondence lawrenceho@ied.edu.hk. The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. "The people of Hong Kong have suffered sustained brutality at the hands of the Hong Kong Police Force," said Luke de Pulford, a member of the human rights group, Hong Kong Watch. Three prominent Hong Kong … They claim three of the six Hong Kong regional commander police posts are filled by British nationals, who were installed just before former the colonial power handed the territory over to the Chinese. The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. Revolutionary new policing techniques widely used across the world today, including “kettling” and the first-ever use of tear gas and short shields by newly instituted riot squads, were first tested in the summer of 1967 by the HKPF. Hong Kong’s police chief has admitted his officers had sought to arrest wounded demonstrators in hospitals, and acknowledged that only a “minority” had … On Thursday, more than two months into the worst unrest this city has seen in decades, senior police officers invited a group of journalists to the towering police headquarters in Hong Kong… How Hong Kong is turning into the West Berlin of the quasi-cold war between the West and China. Clashes cut short Hong Kong rally as police officers are attacked. They says the prosecution can be carried out in London as torture is an offence which has universal jurisdiction under British law. By … Authorities said that the 57-year-old police officer was found injured at 4:38pm. The British government should consider holding its own inquiries if Hong Kong fails to do so. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. The Hong Kong police force has adopted its ranks structure and insignia from British forces. Swedes can’t figure out their government’s coronavirus approach, a progressive push on U.S. foreign policy, and an honest assessment of the Arab Spring’s fallout. However brutal the measures, the HKPF’s success in quelling the violence marked the beginning of an era of widespread public support for the force, which was to bask in the warm glow of its newly granted Royal Charter in 1969—awarded for its handling of the riots—and its reputation as Asia’s finest for decades to come. A caricature of Hong Kong police superintendent Rupert Dover by the Chinese artist Badiucao, July 2019. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. Will 2021 be full of foreign-policy crises and domestic drama or dull compared to 2020? Mounted police were immediately followed in by the assembled riot suppression units, which had been modeled on the HKPF’s organization in the intermediary three years since Quine’s counsel. Hong Kong police admit that, at one point, they were stretched too thin to respond to the number of moving protests, with hardline activists adopting a "hit-and-run" strategy. Police later said all were meant to be warning shots, as the officers felt their lives were under threat. And why Morocco’s apparent victory there will change regional politics. The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. 'The people of Hong Kong have suffered sustained brutality at the hands of the Hong Kong Police Force,' said Luke de Pulford, a member of the human rights group, Hong Kong Watch. By Senior British officers in the Hong Kongpolice force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a … A few minutes later, he tripped and ended up on the ground—only to be piled on by dozens of protesters, who took evident delight in beating him. To confront the legacy of colonial violence it left behind in Hong Kong, the U.K. must do more than merely speak out. Hong Kong police threaten to fire live rounds at protesters if they continue to face 'deadly weapons' after officer was shot with an arrow. The scholar Lawrence Ho details the police measures as encompassing the “liberal use of force and lethal weapons [and] widespread assault and imprisonment of demonstrators,” coupled with the imposition of oppressive legislation and curfews. 3 Hong Kong police officers jailed over assault of 62-year-old man tied to hospital bed Judge says case has damaged the reputation of the police and Hong Kong. He generally acts as second in command in a head quarter. Brett Williams, another Briton, abandoned his plan in 1977 to join the British army in favour of a career with the Hong Kong police. In response to the introduction of the controversial national security law in Hong Kong, Foreign Minister Dominic Raab last month announced that residents would be offered a 'route to citizenship', an extension of the six-month allowance to five years. In 1981, shortly after Margaret Thatcher’s government took office, an unlikely meeting took place at a nondescript conference center in Preston, a small town in the north of England. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967.The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former … C.M. The legal action, if it goes ahead, will be led by London-based lawyers Edmunds Marshall McMahon, which describes itself as the 'only specialist private prosecution law firm' in the country. Hong Kong “Chasing the Dragon” is a Critique of British Corruption in Colonial Hong Kong. British army personnel have returned to Hong Kong to drill police officers on ceremonial protocol and practices (AFP Photo/RICHARD A. BROOKS) More Hong Kong (AFP) - Nearly 20 years after Hong Kong was returned to China, the British army is back -- this time to train the city's police force on crucial matters of pomp and ceremony. FILE - A police officer displays a warning banner on Oct. 1, 2020, China's National Day, in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong. A Hong Kong police officer on Friday pleaded guilty to sexually assaulting five underage girls he met online, with the youngest being an 11-year-old whom he paid HK$200 (US$25) to molest in the stairwell of a car park.. Yu Chun-hing, 35, also admitted to possessing 28 nude photos of a 12-year-old girl, after telling her he loved her and wanted to masturbate to the images. Yet beyond the role of individual personnel lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing. 'Despite clear evidence of excessive force, no officer has been disciplined. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. 16:25 GMT 10 Aug 2020. All three were later by Shadow Foreign Affairs Minister Helen Goodman for their callous actions. The fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 brought civil unrest, and the start of World War I in 1914 saw many European officers enlist and return to the United Kingdom. The officers joined the police force while Hong Kong was still under British rule, in the 1990s, and now occupy senior roles. The law was introduced to quell widespread and often violent pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and sanctions from the United States. This past weekend, as protesters and riot police fought in the glitzy surroundings of a Hong Kong mall, one officer made the mistake of getting separated from his colleagues as he viciously hit a young protester. By British National Overseas (BNO) passports, Why India’s Farmers Won’t Stop Protesting, The War in Tigray Is a Fight Over Ethiopia’s Past—and Future, Trump Leaves Biden Administration a Parting Gift in Currency Wars, How the Western Sahara Became the Key to North Africa, The Islamic State Isn’t Behind Syria’s Amphetamine Trade. British officers serving with the Hong Kong police force could face a private prosecution in the UK over alleged acts of torture committed during last year's protests. For too long they have … Women Police Officers in Hong Kong: Femininity and Policing in a Gendered Organization. You must be a permanent resident of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and have lived in Hong Kong for at least seven years. The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. The editor of Lai's Apple Daily paper said its journalists would not be intimidated by the raid after staff posted a live-stream of dozens of police on their premises. It also toppled the firewall between the mainland's Communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong's vaunted independent judiciary. Some 14 years earlier, the HKPF had brutally suppressed the worst violence in the city’s history, as pro-communist rioters launched indiscriminate bomb attacks against civilians. Offering BNO passports to every Hong Kong permanent resident would be a concrete response the U.K. government could make to breaches of the Joint Declaration and would send a clear signal that further infringements will not be met with silence and acquiescence from London. If the case goes ahead, the accused officers may … Two police officers were beaten bloody by pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong today as violence erupted at a rally calling for greater democratic freedoms in the heart of the city. More: 'British Officers Give Hong Kong Police Crash Course In Drill' Marking the end of the training, certificates were handed out and the winners revealed. Hong Kong activists Joshua Wong, right, and Ivan Lam, left, are escorted by Correctional Services officers to prison, in Hong Kong, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. The events at Orgreave have been described by the historian Tristram Hunt as “[a]lmost medieval in its choreography, it was at various stages a siege, a battle, a chase, a rout and, finally, a brutal example of legalised state violence.” A total of 4,000 police officers—including hundreds mounted on horseback, hastily ordered in by the police commander at Orgreave, Anthony Clement—charged repeatedly at 10,000 striking miners. About 5% of the police force is made up of officers with British passports, Pulford estimated. Hong Kong’s Police Violence Is Stamped ‘Made in U.K.’. Police criticised for using rubber bullets, pepper spray, tear gas and batons to force crowds back China insists the law is necessary to restore order after last year's mass protests, but critics say it tramples on the freedoms guaranteed to Hong Kong after its handover from Britain in 1997. Chief inspector is a rank which is not used by the police forces in most of the countries. These techniques were eventually codified amid total secrecy in a file titled the “Public Order Manual of Tactical Options and Related Matters,” an infamous document that only became public in the aftermath of Orgreave. The most notorious incident of the events on June 12 was the firing of a tear gas cylinder at Democratic Party legislator Wu Chi-wai, who was peaceably approaching a police unit following brutal scenes of that same unit of officers beating unarmed demonstrators. Tactics first developed during the 1967 riots were again on full display, most notably in the repeated deployment of dedicated riot squads equipped with short shields and batons. The HKPF stopped recruiting from foreign services in 1994, but older British officers left over from the handover continue to dominate its senior staff. Danyal Hussain For Mailonline, Hong Kong pro-democracy media tycoon Jimmy Lai is arrested by Chinese authorities in raid on his newspaper office under new security law, China sanctions 11 US citizens including Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio in retaliation for U.S. restrictions on Hong Kong's top officials - but Beijing does not hit ANY Trump officials. The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former name after the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to People's Republic of China. He was subsequently certified dead. None of the officers who could face prosecution have been named. Hong Kong protests: Police use ‘UK-made tear gas’ in violent crackdown on activists. The willingness of some British members of Parliament, including Goodman, to hold the U.K. government to account on Hong Kong for little to no political gain of their own is a start, as is Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt’s withdrawal of export licenses for crowd control equipment to Hong Kong. Hong Kong’s status as a colony was exploited by the HKPF as a potential testing ground for new strategies that would be deemed too extreme for use in Britain. Hong Kong activists Joshua Wong, right, and Ivan Lam, left, are escorted by Correctional Services officers to get on a prison van before appearing in a court, in Hong Kong… An off-duty police officer shot himself in an apparent suicide at Cheung Chau Police Station Tuesday. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong… The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. The law's introduction has coincided with ramped up police action against democracy supporters. Many of those officers are British, and as such, they are subject to British law.'. They are among 50 expats in the 32,000-strong police force in Hong Kong; As the clashes between police and protesters in Hong Kong grow fiercer and the number of arrests soars, there is fury over the leading role played by senior British officers in cracking down on pro-democracy protesters. The police force of Hong Kong has brought many laurels for the country as it is ranked as Asia’s first and world’s second police force which operates with the modern policing system. The moment a police officer shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong, Tuesday, October 1. Elsewhere, rubber bullets and long-range pepper spray were used on both demonstrators and journalists, resulting in 79 injuries, while in total the HKPF fired more than 150 tear gas canisters over the course of a single day. The Hong Kong Police was established in 1844, to replace the existing unsatisfactory policing arrangements of the preceding three years, and continued as a British colonial police force until the sovereignty of Hong Kong reverted to China in 1997. HONG KONG (AP) — Hong Kong authorities on Monday arrested eight people in connection with an unauthorized protest at a university campus last month, police and local media said, amid a widening crackdown on dissent in the semi-autonomous Chinese territory.The arrests were reportedly made in relation to a demonstration at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in which over … At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert Dover, senior superintendent David Jordan, and superintendent Justin Shave. Quine’s recommendations to British police included instituting dedicated units of officers—“riot suppression units,” each with a particular responsibility to fulfill, such as arresting demonstrators (“snatch squads”), firing tear gas, or crowd intimidation. Though the Hong Kong Police Force officially ceased hiring foreign officers in 1994, there are still several prominent British officers within the upper ranks of the force, holdovers from when it was the Royal Hong Kong Police Force under British rule. Yet, despite the appalling scenes of police violence, Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam has repeatedly resisted calls for an independent police inquiry to supersede the toothless and long-maligned Independent Police Complaints Council. Lai, 71, was led away in handcuffs and arrested along with six others on suspicion of colluding with foreign forces - one of the new offences under the law - and fraud. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong, who ordered one of his most senior officers, Director of Operations Richard Quine, to the U.K. to tell them all he knew. Hong Kong - a British colony until 1997 - is part of China under a model known as "one country, two systems". In the 1920s and 1930s, Hong Kong's general peace was punctuated by bouts of civil unrestsparked by labour disputes, instability in China and Japanese militarism. June 12 saw HKPF officers use rubber bullets, beanbag rounds, and pepper spray on peaceful protesters and riot police beating unarmed demonstrators senseless, on the orders of Dover and others, and in the most infamous incident of all, Shave ordered a tear gas round to be fired at an unarmed approaching legislator. The U.K. owes Hong Kongers fighting for democracy a moral debt. Mr KONG Hok-lai, Kelvin joined the Hong Kong Police Force as an Inspector of Police in 1996. “These police officers are the shame of Britain. The British police were eager to hear exactly how it had been done—and to reproduce the same tactics against demonstrators in the U.K. A former assistant commissioner in the Metropolitan Police, John Alderson, later stated that the policing strategies used at Orgreave were “a carbon copy of the Hong Kong riot squad.” Meanwhile, allegations continue to swirl to this day about police engineering the entire confrontation to damage and discredit the miners. Unions have asked a British MP to apologise to the Hong Kong police for naming a superintendent during a parliamentary debate, claiming the officer gave the order to … Violence erupts at rally after thousands gather at a park to call for greater democratic freedoms in China-ruled city. Danyal Hussain For Mailonline After Hong Kong was handed back in 1997, some of the responsibilities previously held by the military were passed to the police and since then they have strived to retain their British ceremonial style. Torture has allegedly been carried out in police stations and on the streets, with a specific incident cited at Hong Kong's Citic Tower during protests in June 2019. And almost 35 years to the day of Orgreave, the HKPF engaged in a series of brutal clashes with peaceful and unarmed protesters outside the Legislative Council building. The prosecution is being brought by a team of prominent activists and lawyers, who are using a JustGiving page to try and raise £200,000 to employ a full-time legal team. Hong Kong's High Court ruled on Thursday that the city government had failed to provide an independent mechanism to handle police complaints, breaching … Anything else, or indeed anything less, really would be the final act in the cycle of violence that Britain has inflicted on Hong Kong. However, the Committee to Protect Journalists said the raid 'bears out the worst fears that the law would be used to suppress critical pro-democracy opinion and restrict press freedom'. A white police officer, initially believed to be Dover but subsequently identified as Shave, could be seen directing a subordinate to fire a tear gas cylinder directly at Wu, who was totally unarmed and clearly identified himself as a sitting legislator. 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