Eliot’s The Waste Land is often seen as the acme of Modernist writing—so much so that William Carlos Williams later compared its publication in 1922 to “an atom bomb” dropped on the landscape of English-language poetry. For the modernists, it was essential to move away from the merely personal towards an intellectual statement that poetry could make about the world. It grew out of the philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that followed the Industrial Revolution, up to World War I and its aftermath. This chapter examines modernist poetry during the Great War, beginning with a reading of In Parenthesis, which is influenced by T.S. Modernism is a period in literary history which started around the early 1900s and continued until the early 1940s. Imagism: Precision of imagery and use of clear, sharp language 2. As a movement, Vorticism rejected the typical landscapes and nudes of the time in favor of a geometric style tending towards abstraction. But it was also a time when the avante-garde experiments that had preceded the war would, like the technological wonders of the airplane and the atom, inexorably establish a new dispensation, which we call modernism. In common with many other modernists, these poets wrote in reaction to the perceived excesses of Victorian poetry, with its emphasis on traditional formalism and ornate diction. Learn how and when to remove this template message, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Modernist_poetry&oldid=995032964, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 21:19. Modernism was a way of rebelling against the prevailing literature of the period. This movement went on until after the Second World War, and can be felt in several fields of art and literature such as architecture, painting, fiction, music, drama, and even poetry… Modernist writers broke with Romantic pieties and clichés (such as the notion of the Sublime) and became self-consciously skeptical of language and its claims on coherence. Poets like W. B. Yeats (1865–1939) and Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926) started in a post-Romantic, Symbolist vein and modernised their poetic idiom after being affected by political and literary developments. Modernist writers chose to experiment with every type of conceivable literary form and mode of expression. Vorticism was a brief modernist movement in British art and poetry during the early 20th century. Eliot wrote The Waste Land in the shadow of World War I. Modernism was an important era in literature that showcased seminal work and changed the way literature was viewed by people. T.S. The modernist movement in literature, or literary modernism, involved experimentations among writers with new forms and expressions. Ezra Poundvowed to “make it new” and “break the pentameter,” while T.S. For artists and writers, the Modernist project was a re-evaluation of the assumptions and aesthetic values of their predecessors. There is no specifically Modernist movement in Philosophy, but rather Modernism refers to a movement within the arts which had some influence over later philosophical thought. These characteristics are widely believed to be feelings brought on by the Industrial Revolution and the many social, political and economic changes that accompanied it. Modernist poetry in English started in the early years of the 20th century with the appearance of the Imagists. Auden, Hart Crane, William Butler Yeats, and Wallace Stevens. [3] The questions of impersonality and objectivity seem to be crucial to Modernist poetry. Shortly after The Waste Land was published in 1922, it became the archetypical Modernist text, rife with allusions, linguistic fragments, and mixed registers and languages. Writers of the Modernist period saw literature more as a craft than a flowering of creativity. In the English language modernism ends with the turn towards confessional poetry in the work of Robert Lowell and Sylvia Plath, among others. Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction The horrors of World War I (1914-19), with its accompanying atrocities and senselessness became the catalyst for the Modernist movement in literature and art. Modernism refers to a reforming movement in art, architecture, music, literature and the applied arts during the late 19th Century and early 20th Century. Poets like W. B. Yeats (1865–1939) and Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926) started in a post-Romantic, Symbolist vein and modernised their poetic idiom after being affected by political and literary developments. Imagismproved radical and important, marking a new point of departure for poetry. Most conspicuously in the visual arts, but shown to varying degrees in novels and poetry, Postmodernism has these four features: {2} 1. iconoclasm: decanonizes cultural standards, previous artworks and authorities denies authority to the author, discounting his intentions and his claim to act as spokesman for a period contradicts the expected, often deliberately alienating the reader subverts its sources by parody, irony and pastic… They believed that poems and novels were constructed from smaller parts instead of the organic, internal process that earlier generations had described. Modernism is a movement which started sometime in the 1800s and got stronger after the First World War. The term “postmodern poetry” can lead to a great deal of confusion for many people, though the ideas behind such poems are fairly easy to understand. In Modernist literature, it was the poets who took fullest advantage of the new spirit of the times, and stretched the possibilities of their craft to lengths not previously imagined. Modernist writers in general rebelled against clear-cut storytelling and formulaic verse from the 19th century. Poetic modernism was an overtly revolutionary literary movement, a 'revolution of the word', and, for a number of its practitioners, this interest in radical change spilled over into politics. The literary movement is characterized by a break with traditional ways of writing. With its fragmentary images and obscure allusions, the poem is typical of Modernism in requiring the reader to take an active role in interpreting the text. Mimicking the Modernist movement in art, it was one of the greatest periods of literature. Modernist authors felt betrayed by the war, believing the institutions in which they were taught to believe had led the civilized world into a bloody conflict. A broadly defined multinational cultural movement (or series of movements) that took hold in the late 19th century and reached its most radical peak on the eve of World War I. The literature of this time period promoted self-improvement… Herbert Read said of it, "The modern poet has no essential alliance with regular schemes of any sorts. The literary movement we call Modernism rejected Romantic ideas. The statement testifies to the modern writer's fervent desire to break with the past, rejecting literary traditions that seemed outmoded and diction that seemed too genteel to suit an era of technological breakthroughs and global violence." Modernism also generated many smaller movements; see also Acmeism, Dada, Free verse, Futurism, Imagism, Objectivism, Postmodernism, and Surrealism. Spanish Modernist Literature. Other poets most often associated with Modernism include H.D., W.H. It was based in London but was international in make-up and ambition. Auden, Hart Crane, William Butler Yeats, and Wallace Stevens. The main author of the Modernist movement in the Spanish language is the Nicaraguan poet Ruben Dario. Far from seeking freedom and irresponsibility (implied by the unfortunate term free verse) he/she seeks a stricter discipline of exact concord of thought and feeling."[5]. While its greatest influences were French symbolism and the Parnassian school of poets, elements of classical Spanish poetry and the influence of American poets like Edgar Allan Poe and Walt Whitman could also be detected in the work of the movement. Modernists innovated to find different topics and literary forms that were closer to their ideals and concerns. It includes many artistic and literary movements like 1. [1] The critic/poet C. H. Sisson observed in his essay Poetry and Sincerity that "Modernity has been going on for a long time. Modernism also generated many smaller movements; see also Acmeism, Dada, Free verse, Futurism, Imagism, Objectivism, Postmodernism, and Surrealism. The New York School was a literary and artistic movement community of painters and writers who lived in close proximity… In general, modernist literature is characterized by the radical break with the traditions of literary subjects, forms, concepts and styles. The idea of literature as craft fed the Modernists' desire for creativity and originality. Modernism, for the most part, represented the … “One of the many innovations of modernism was the new demands it placed on the audience. Not within living memory has there ever been a day when young writers were not coming up, in a threat of iconoclasm."[2]. Modernist writing is highly self-reflexive and poems written during this time were much shorter and relied more heavily on free verse. [3] Some consider that it began in the works of Hardy and Pound, Eliot and Yeats, Williams and Stevens. In addition, the modernist … It grew out of the philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that followed the Industrial Revolution, through the shock of World War I, and its aftermath. While living in Paris before the war, Gertrude Stein explored the possibilities of creating literary works that broke with conventional syntactical and referential practices. It touched both poetry, prose fiction, and drama. The Modernist Experiment By Christina Lawless The Victorian Era occurred in British history during the 19th century during the reign of Queen Victoria. Browse more Modern poets. In many respects, their criticism echoes what William Wordsworth wrote in Preface to Lyrical Ballads to … Modernismo began in Latin America in the late 1800s and spread to Spain in the first decades of the twentieth century. 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