Have your thesis answer a “how” or “why” question, rather than a “what” question. “Why and how did Latina women in Texas challenge their traditional sexual identities in the 1960s?” or “Why and how did captivity narratives define interracial romance in colonial America?”, “Gay liberation over time and space: The Stonewall Uprising and Harvey Milk assassination protests compared;” or “Sex and gender after the war is over: The contrast between the post-World War One and World War Two eras.”, “Go West, Young Woman: the rise of the popular newspaper, western boosterism, and the origins of women in professional journalism;” or “Sit-coms, kitchens, and Mom: TV and the redefinition of femininity and domesticity, 1950-1975.”. Answer questions that may include texts, images, graphs, or maps. So, historians and archaeologists are like detectives who use all these sources like clues to discover the past. How and why? Hence, they got written up every instruction, plan, policy decision, agreement, investigation, etc. As you compose or revise your history paper, consider these guidelines: sWrite in the past tense. However, to get the best mark possible, it’s important to analyse your HSC Modern History sources quickly and flawlessly during the exam. (This is your goal.). Once you have a topic in mind, you need to find out what other scholars have written about your topic. �~͝�U����C�0�d�{WH+w��.��Ы�Xd���@��G`������#C`�6��}^���J�ץ�V�,�a��ey��k�I���X�GF9QY�,O��qTe8���/މ�~x/����r"�.�TrQ�Q\. Exceptions include: short discussion assignments; five page analytical papers where you have been assigned the specific texts that you are analyzing. It would take several books to answer this question. It is thought that human beings developed language c. 35,000 BCE as evidenced by cave paintings from the period of the Cro-Magnon Man (c. 50,000-30,000 BCE) which appear to express concepts concerning daily life. Autobiographies of meat packing executives, workers, etc., published even many years later. Answer. Historians rely on different sources for writing history such as: Administration Records. And so your job in these questions is not to try to write an essay, but merely to just answer A, B, and C, which will be related to each other, and you have about the front of one blue book page to do this, so really no more than 200 words. To study history is to do history. Written by Elspeth H. Brown, Department of History, University of Wisconsin’s writing center page. Which one of the sources do historians use in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history? 1.3 Why Write History? So while a historian’s introduction to Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle (1906) is a secondary source, the novel itself, written in 1906, is a primary source. (Remember that “race” is a factor when dealing with cultural forms of people identified as “white,” that “men” possess “gender,” and that the North and Midwest are regions of local as well as national significance.). ‘Important’ in this context is a meaningless, bombastic word and the field of history is far too vast, the labouring historians in the field far too numerous, for any answer to be valid. The Britishers were of a view that each and every policy and agreement should be recorded so that it could be studied and debated if needed. endobj You’re fascinating by the development of the Klan, and repelled by its ideas, so the first question you think about asking is “Why was the Klan so racist?’ This is not a good historical question, because it assumed what you ought to prove in your paper that the Klan was racist. The best way write a narrow question is to put some limitations on the question’s range. “Dorothy Richardson’s The Long Day is a provocative portrayal of working class women’s lives in the early part of the twentieth century.” This is a weak thesis for a paper, since it is overly vague and general, and is basically descriptive in nature. Perhaps there may have been several important events that day, including a fight over an interracial relationship. What ideas and perspectives? What makes the source a “primary” source is when it was made, not what it is. Most of the time, though, you’ll find that other scholars have used different sources and/or asked different questions, and that reading their work will help you place your own paper in perspective. The structure of a short answer is important. oral histories of packing house employees’ experiences, though a historian’s comments on those oral histories would be a secondary source. Which cultural myths or ideologies does the author endorse or attack? When people need detailed, nuanced information about the past, they go to historians to get the facts. According to The Chicago Manual of Style, “Voice shows whether the subject [of a sentence] acts ... or is acted on ... – that is, whether the subject performs or receives the action of the verb.1 So, a sentence in which the subject performs the verb’s action is in active voice, and a sentence in which the subject receives the force or action of the verb is in passive voice. If so, when and where and how? However, in the nineteenth century, James Mill, a Scottish political philosopher and economist, divided Indian history on the basis of religion into three periods namely, Hindu, Muslim and British. [adapted in part from Peggy Pascoe’s site at the University of Oregon], When writing a historical research paper, your goal is to choose a topic and write a paper that. They are there to help. s�8��Z&+���r���;�,�̣���a��_�!���wZ�X���"}���p^g�����Σ���:��W��U �� What cultural value systems does the writer/narrator embrace? (а) Official records of the French administration (b) Official records of the British administration (c) Official records of the Church administration (d) None of the above. No matter how well-written, well-argued, or well-evidenced your essay is, if you don't answer the answer the question you have been asked, you cannot expect to receive a top mark. Even the stories and myths of ancient cultures, many of which relied heavily on the oral tradition, were subject to intense transformations after years of repetition. 3. Writing history was popular among Christian monks and clergy in the Middle Ages. The same goes for historian’s introductions to and editorial comments on collections of primary documents; these materials, too, are secondary sources because they’re twice removed from the actual event or process you’re going to be writing about. So each of the short answer problems is three questions long and they all discuss one facet of American history. �����wR ��e�I&ʸ��L|�U ����b{R[����v����?�WI�ڭ�U�~�u�����? 1. A historian has the fascinating job of studying and interpreting the past. Has the document been edited? 2. Example: “As Tera Hunter has argued concerning Atlanta’s laundresses, black women workers preferred work outside the homes of their white employers”(and then you would cite Hunter in a footnote, including page numbers). Does the thesis paragraph suggest how the author plans to make his or her argument. WARNING: Avoid selecting a topic that is too broad: “How has war affected sex in America?” is too broad. %���� Secondary sources, primary sources and material evidence such as that derived from archaeology may all be drawn on, and the historian's skill lies in identifying these sources, evaluating their relative authority, and combining their testimony appropriately in order to construct an accurate and reliable picture of past events and environments. Is the audience regional? They wrote about the history of Jesus Christ, that of the Church and that of their patrons, the dynastic history of the local rulers. Music, such as work songs or blues ballads, made or adapted during the time you are researching. The thesis does not suggest why or how Richardson’s book is “provocative.”. History can be a difficult subject for many students, but luckily we’re here to help. “While The Long Day’s narrator exemplifies many tenets of the new feminism, such as a commitment to women’s economic independence, her feminist sympathies are undermined by her traditional attitudes towards female sexual expression.” OK. Now we are getting somewhere! How do the layout, typographical details, and accompanying illustrations inform you about the purpose of the document, the author’s historical and cultural position, and that of the intended audience? How do we come to know about them? OR, Does the thesis present an argument about the material? Do not use parenthetical author-page numbers as a general rule. How do the official records of the British administration help historians to write about the last 250 years of Indian history? Update for 2017-18: The number of required short answer questions has been reduced to three, and … So, doing history means writing history. To learn about the past we have two alternatives. With what aspects of the text (content, form, style) can you most readily identify? Taken from the APUSH website, a short answer question will have you: 1. What sources do historians use in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history? More ‘neutral’ textbooks, more short source extracts, more common question types, more specific mark schemes, and so on. National? Ques 7: Why do many historians refer to modem period as colonial? A typical Carolina history course includes several kinds of writing assignments: Research papers —As the name suggests, these assignments require you to engage in full-fledged historical research. A mechanical conveyor system, used to move carcasses from one room to another at the time and place you are researching. %PDF-1.5 (If there are three or more, I take the outer limits). It could be strengthened further by suggesting HOW Richardson’s sympathies are undermined by her traditional attitudes. The alternative is to make what happens at GCSE and (especially) A-Level more like university. The vast majority of historical writing will thus be discursive prose works, though the chance that some of their words may be performed by actors is greater now than it once was. How do you think the text was received by this audience? After selecting a broad topic of interest, narrow it down so that it will not take hundreds of pages to communicate what happened and why it was important. Does it simply describe something in the past? ��*]��Y�K|���wߩ��q���t��a*� One of the important sources is the records of the British administration. Answer: Historians often use the word source to refer to the information found from manuscripts, inscriptions and archaeology. How would we know of past events if it they had never been documented? As Richard Marius and Melvin E. Page attest in their book A Short Guide to Writing About History, "history and writing are inseparable." Is the thesis clearly and succinctly stated? Novels about the packing yards, such as Upton Sinclair’s. These individuals write history books about all kinds of topics, times, people, and places. WARNING: Avoid a question that only looks at one specific event or process. What do you think. What is the format of the document? How does the text reflect or mask such factors as the class, race, gender, ethnicity, or regional background of its creator/narrator? Why does the author choose to narrate the text in the manner chosen? Don’t stop looking for secondary sources until you begin to turn up the same titles over and over again. Analyze historians’ interpretations, historical sources, and propositions about history. A good historical question demands an answer that is not just yes or no. Non- historians read books or watch documentaries, while historians … When and by whom was this particular document written? What sort of question is the thesis answering? Historiography, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particular details from the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical examination. Chicago newspapers, c. 1900-1920, in a variety of languages. You will read sources (primary and/or secondary), think about them, and interpret them to answer … U.S. census records concerning neighborhood residents for 1900 and 1910. What does a short answer question require me to do? Does the thesis answer a research question? Written language, ho… Usually, only the "official" history gets into the books. How might the text be received by those for whom it was NOT intended? There are 8,000 dissertations out of the 30,000 in the set that have two years in the title: usually, those are start and end dates. A “what” question will usually land you in the world of endless description, and while some description is often necessary, what you really should focus on is your thinking, your analysis, your insights. Put those titles you see most frequently and those that are most recently published at the very top of your list of things to read, since they are likely to be the most significant and/or complete interpretations. Settlement house records and manuscripts. Also, the author has detected a contradiction in the text, a tension that the paper can fruitfully analyze. History. Question. For example, “What happened on Thursday, Dec.12, 1943 at the Boeing bomber plant in Albany, California?” is too narrow. Note that the language is specific (commitment to women’s economic independence, as example). When writing a historical research paper, your goal is to choose a topic and write a paper that. How do the official records of the British administration help historians to write about the last 250 years of Indian history? Most of the time, though, you’ll find that other scholars have used different sources and/or asked different questions, and that reading their work will help you place your own paper in perspective. <> Let’s say you’ve decided to study the Tillamook Ku Klux Klan. A primary source is a document that was created at the time of the event or subject you’ve chosen to study or by people who were observers of or participants in that event or topic. ), and periodization (from when to when?) Answer the question, the whole question and nothing but the question. How were they important in the early nineteenth century? Rather than subjecting actual events - say, the Rape of Nanking - to historical analysis, the subject of historiography is the history of the history of the event: the way it has been written, the sometimes conflicting objectives pursued by those writing on it over time, and the way in which such factors shape our understanding of the actual event at stake, and of the nature of history itself. If, for example, your topic is the experience of workers in the Chicago packinghouses during the first decades of the twentieth century, your primary sources might be: The medium of the primary source can be anything, including written texts, objects, buildings, films, paintings, cartoons, etc. Write a paragraph which you describe your own thoughts and opinions about Jackson's actions while in office. How do we know? the person who tells it) are not necessarily one and the same. A particular subset of “the American people”? How does the author describe, grapple with, or ignore contemporaneous historical events? Use such devices as metaphor, simile, or other rhetorical devices? Using clues from the document itself, its form, and its content, who is the intended audience for the text? … x��][o#7�~���/H���{c/�I��H�ř�}��m�%e���g����K_h�z8�%�Y,���q�W?�������V�����������(��j��X��e����x��?��Ż����^ Why and how questions are often good choices, and so are questions that ask you to compare and contrast a topic in different locations or time periods; so are questions that ask you to explain the relationship between one event or historical process and another. You can only score marks if you are being relevant, so take your time, before plunging into the writing, to think clearly about the meaning of the essay title and to make an essay plan. History Questions and Answers from Chegg. And the only way we can do history is to examine the available records from the past and then write about them. What do official records not tell? Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where Long Answer Type Questions. Primary sources would not, however, include books written by historians about this topic, because books written by historians are called “secondary” sources. For example: “How did white and African-American defense plant workers create and think about interracial relationships during World War Two?” This question investigates broad issues—interracial romance, sexual identity—but within a specific context—World War Two and the defense industry. However, this question does not position you to explore the larger processes that were taking place in the plant over time, nor why they are important for understanding sex, race and gender in American history. Consider the following questions when reviewing your thesis paragraphs: The thesis paragraph usually has three parts: (1) the subject of your paper, (2) your argument about the topic, and (3) the evidence you’ll be using to argue your thesis. A good historical question is broad enough to interest you and, hopefully, your classmates. Although the line of history has stopped moving, the time periods taken in by historians have gotten longer. Ques 8: Mention one important source used by historians in writing about the last 230 years of Indian history. <> This is a solid thesis. Get help with your history homework! stream Because they often lack a main verb, they are technically not complete sentences. The example above already contains a limited subject group (whites and African-Americans) and a short time period (WWII, 1941-1945); simply adding a place, such as “in the Bay Area” or “in Puget Sound” further narrows the topic: “How did white and African-American defense plant workers in the San Francisco Bay area create and think about interracial relationships during World War Two?” is a much more manageable question than one that addresses all defense workers. Why? The first thing to do if you have a history essay to write, is to really spend some time evaluating the question you are being asked. 3 0 obj Was the document published? 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