Lam. Weed Tech 21: 477–482 (2006).doi 10.1614/WT-06-168.1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium&oldid=993752444, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:26. Primary Disseminule Type. The genus Lolium is in the family Poaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Husnot – Italian ryegrass Habit. Franç. [10][11], Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). The two species differ primarily in their … [3][4] It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. In the United States, Festuca perennis is sometimes used as a winter cover crop to prevent erosion, build soil structure and … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Italian ryegrass. Annual ryegrass (L. rigidum) is one of the most serious and costly weeds of cropping systems in southern Australia, and herbicide resistance is a frequent problem. & Durieu It can become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats. multiflorum (Lam.) The leaves are folded lengthwise in bud (unlike the rolled leaves of Italian ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum) with a strong central keel, giving a flattened appearance. multiflorum (Lam.) The plant is a low-growing, tufted, hairless grass, with a bunching (or tillering) growth habit. [12] Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. Each fertile floret is replaced by an elongated grain. It consists of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3' tall. Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. Victoria. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium multiflorum Lam. Herbicides, as well as plant growth regulators, can be used as a management option for ryegrass seed production, however there is no consensus among authors at which stage of … Franç. It is in flower from May to September. [1], Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. Spikelets solitary, sessile, consisting of (5)10–22 fertile florets … Lolium multiflorum Lam. This species can be found in the following regions of the western United States (according to the Bureau of Land Management classification of Physiographic Regions of the western United States): 1 Northern Pacific Border 2 Cascade Mountains 3 Southern Pacific Border The culm is pale green, terete, glabrous, and unbranched. Group K3/15 herbicides are known as Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (Inhibition of cell division (Inhibition of very long chain fatty acids)). Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. It grows 2 to 3 feet tall with numerous long, narrow, stiff leaves near the base of the plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Annual Turfgrass Weed Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Rapid Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. It is a diploid (2n = 2x = 14), allogamous species. Lolium multiflorum (Italian Rye-grass IRG - poaceae family) is an herbaceous annual, perennial grass is being cultivated in South Korea for production of silage for an-imals. Both surfaces of the leaves are bright, glossy, and smooth. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Herbicides, as well as plant … Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. !Poaceae Barnhart; genus: Lolium L. Other names for this basionym: Lolium perenne subsp. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to 1753. Lolium multiflorum, a European species, now grows in most of the Flora region. High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem. Lolium. Hybrid Parent × Schedolium krasanii H.Scholz, Kochia 2: 51 (-52) (2007). Lolium perenne L. ssp. Lolium multiflorum Lam. They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. The liguleis very short and truncated and often difficult to see, and small white auricles grip the stem at the base of the l… It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a medicine and has environmental uses. Width: 0 ft. 8 in. There is a large range of cultivars. Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006. Higher taxa. In South Korea IRG is a common grass for the production of silage because of it possesses the high nutritive values and fast growing nature under this cli-mate. The nutritional quality of IRG varied with other The leaves are dark green, smooth and glossy on the lower surface, with untoothed parallel sides and prominent parallel veins on the upper surface. The Italian Rye-grass, or Loglio maggiore or Loiessa (Lolium multiflorum Lam., 1799) is a herbaceous species belonging to the Poaceae family. [13][14] Lolium aristatum Lag. Accepted: TRO: Lolium × hubbardii B.K.Simon: Accepted: WCSP: Lolium × hybridum Hausskn. to Central Asia and Himalaya. multiflorum . Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Lolium L. – ryegrass Species: Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass Subspecies: Lolium perenne L. ssp. It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. In this context, Italian rye grass (Lolium multiflorum) pollen of the Poaceae family cultivated in Southern Brazil has been considered a major sensitizing agent in patients with pollinosis. It is planted as a cover crop, as a temporary lawn grass, for roadside restoration, and for soil or forage enrichment; it often escapes from cultivation, becoming established in disturbed sites. - 0 ft. 10 in. Lolium perenne var. Annual ryegrass is a winter annual or biennial weed in the grass family native to Europe. Lolium multiflorum is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is regarded as a potential threat to one of more vegetation communities in Victoria, where it is a common weed of plains riparian shrubby woodlands in the Wimmera bioregion and floodplain riparian woodlands in the Northern Inland Slopes bioregion in this state. Coss. Statistics are at the end of the page. Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) Ref: IRTET. Family Poaceae Scientific Name Lolium perenne ssp. Lolium multiflorum belongs to the tribe Poeae in the Poaceae grass family, which contains major crop species such as wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) as well as the model grass Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv. [family POACEAE] Type of Lolium multiflorum Lamk var. family Poaceae genus Lolium species Lolium multiflorum Name Synonyms Lolium ambiguum Desp. Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most common weedy ryegrasses in California. Details; Images (7) Synonyms (77) Accepted Names (1) References (63) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (196) Chromosome Counts (24) ... family: ! In this region, Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of pollen. Identifying Characteristics. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. Lolium multiflorum and L. perenne are interfertile and intergrade. It is a herbaceous annual, biennial, or perennial grass that is grown for silage, and as a cover crop. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium perenne L. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium persicum Boiss. Contact us about this record. since it belongs to the same botanical family [1]. Lolium perenne var. High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem. Family: Poaceae Genus: Lolium Species: Lolium perenne; Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Lolium grandispi-cum Y. J. Fei (Guihaia 19: 205. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. multiflorum, L ... L. perenne freely crosses with Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass), producing fertile hybrids (L. x hybridum) with intermediate characteristics. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Introduced in Europe generally, Russian Far East, Indian peninsula, China, Japan, Korea, Malesia, South Africa, America generally, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand ... Family Poaceae ( 1GRAF ) Subfamily Poöideae ( 1POOS ) Genus Lolium ( 1LOLG ) Species Lolium … Family: Poaceae: Subfamily: Pooideae: Genus: Festuca: Species: F. perennis. Date of Publication 1778 publ. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 422833 ) with original publication details: Fl. 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