Given the disparity between boys and girls assessment of the quality of their relationships with teachers and principals, wherein boys report feeling lower levels of inclusion; policy makers, trainers, and practitioners are encouraged to explore new strategies that give greater space to giving boys a voice. A central component of respect is listening and as Covey (2000) argues, listening plays a role in all effective leadership. Pearson’s correlations were used, as opposed to Spearman’s, to assess the relationships given that continuous variables are thus are more effectively measured using Pearson’s. Subscribe Teachers Quotes. It is best to engage in the following practices: Have a Positive Attitude: An educator who has a positive attitude toward their students and their job will be more... Be Consistent: Students must know what your expectations are on a daily basis. He is a co-founder of the Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative. When you come to teachings you absolutely must have a good connection with the teacher and the teacher should have a good connection with the student. Leadership and indiscipline in schools. Gleaner January 25. Retrieved from http://jamaica-gleaner.mobi/20090125/cleisure/cleisure6.php. These factors were the quality of relationships (display of respect) that the principals sought to foster between themselves and teachers on the one hand, and fostering a culture of intolerance towards indiscipline at all levels. is concerned about the feelings of … Dr. Canute Thompson is Lecturer in the School of Education, Mona Campus of The University of the West Indies. A very different picture is found with non-traditional schools with 93% agreeing or strongly agreeing that their principals show interest in their concerns and a mere 5% disagreeing or strongly disagreeing. Teachers who lack structure not only lose valuable instructional time but often never gain the respect of their students. School resources officers arrested 201 students, cautioned 2,361 and monitored 1,109. Five per cent said they were unsure. Retrieved from http://wwwlib.umi.comdissertations/fullcit/9813680. According the Boynton and Boynton, students have the same feelings as adults do. And do not think that the most important subject for the students is the one that you are teaching. Thompson, C., Burke, T., King, K., & Wong, S. (2017). creating frameworks for stakeholder participation in policy making and implementation. Respect Between Teacher and Student. The 2015 Report of Jamaica’s National Education Inspectorate (NEI) shows that students’ attainment in English and Mathematics was below the targets set by the Ministry of Education in 78% of the 953 schools inspected. There are many reasons leaders listen to those they seek to lead. They suggest that the construct stands in contrast to ethical theories such as Kantian deontology and utilitarianism which are principles to designed to highlight morality. Research Question # 3: Relationship between Gender, School type and School Location and Students’ Assessments. When mutual respect is present in the classroom, Teachers must also emphasize the necessity of keeping boundaries between the students and teachers. Thus not only did students respect her more but they also grew to respect each other. (2003). What works in schools: Translating research into action. Telling students that they have the ability to do well and praising them … That is, the authors found that students’ sense of the absence of care was a contributor to violence. (2015). Locating the epicenter of effective (educational) leadership in the 21st century. Kingston: Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative. to ascertain students’ perspectives on the role of respect in their relationships with their teachers; to understand whether there is a relationship between students’ experience of being respected and their assessment of the quality of leadership and learning environments of their schools; to explore the relationship between students’ experience and display of respect and the issue of sustainable development. On the other hand 68% of students at urban schools hold the view that their principals show interest in their concerns. Polity and Stanford University Press. Marzano, R. J. Commenting on the findings of their research, Hughes and Kwok (2007) note that students’ sense of social relatedness at school is a key construct in contemporary theories of academic motivation and engagement, citing Connell and Wellborn (1991) and Eccles, Wigfield, and Schiefele (1998) among others. Dunkley (2013), reporting on a Ministry paper tabled by the Ministry of Education in Parliament in May 2013, stated that there were 915 fights, 160 robberies and three murders reported in Jamaican schools in the 2012/13 academic year. A 2015 Child Month report showed that between the academic years 2009–10 and 2012–13 there were 4,973 expulsions and some and tens of thousands of suspensions. Thirty-four (34) of the sixty-seven (67) males approximately 50% were either unsure about, or disagreed, or strongly disagreed that their principal showed interest in students’ concern. There were no strong disagreements among girls in relation to this question. Hattie (2009) conducted a meta- analysis of 50,000 studies, including studies reporting direct student appraisals of their teachers, and found strong support for the notion that quality teachers had high expectations of their students and demonstrated care for them. In effect teachers have greater influence over students who feel that they are respected by their teachers. They suggest that the construct stands in contrast to ethical theories such as Kantian deontology and utilitarianism which are principles to designed to highlight morality. The feeling of respect for leaders in an organization is a definitive climate setting factor and reflection of the assessment of the quality of leadership. Mutual respect in the classroom encompasses more than the interaction between students and the teacher. Hattie, J. The dimension which is the focus of this paper concerns relationships among groups in communities and the wider society. (2015). This could be possible, but this will only make the students loathe you. Two of the most important reasons are (a) to demonstrate respect for the views and perspectives of others, and (b) to ensure that the organization benefits from the wisdom and insights of others (Thompson, 2015). These assertions are supported by the work of Knoell (2012) who conducted a study at two elementary schools, at opposite ends of the poverty spectrum, located in the Midwestern United States. Self-discipline gives girls the edge: Gender in self- discipline, grades, and achievement test scores. Journal of educational psychology, 98(1), 198. Teachers need must be aware and not abuse power in their relationship with students. Ethics of care is a theory that promotes a pragmatic and practical mode of engagement, centered on the notion of interdependence and takes account of the indispensability of community and recognizes that some people are more vulnerable than others and thus seeks to afford them extra consideration (Gillian, 1982). Retrieved from http://teaching.about.com/od/Information-For-Teachers/fl/Frequent- Teacher-Mistakes-that-Can-be-Avoided.htm. I will address the most discernible reasons why I feel this way in the following. The consequences of greater engagement in academic activity have implications for sustainable development as has been shown above. This interplay of factors suggests that there is likely to be a positive correlation between students’ feeling of being respected and their attitude to school and to school authorities. is honest and trustworthy in dealings with others. Meador contends that all educators should show their students respect at all times including tense moments of conflict. The first most important thing is that teachers should be role models for their students. (2012). School violence focus. Jamaica Observer. The study further found that the quality of child classroom engagement served to inform the quality of student–teacher relatedness and child achievement the following year. treats school property and the belongings of others with care and respect. Overall, 55% of the 953 schools were rated as ineffective. The student view. British Educational Research Journal, 37(4), 671–690. The school type variable showed that 95% of students at non-traditional schools say they respect their principals compared to 68% of students at traditional schools. Students’ progress was rated as unsatisfactory in 51% of schools, and teaching in support of students’ learning was unsatisfactory in 44% of schools. The opposite is equally true they contend, suggesting that one positive consequence of positive relations between teachers and students is that students are likely to comply more readily with the school’s norms, and are more focused on academic and personal development. While emphasizing that the content of learning must be attractive in order to inspire interest on the part of students, Rimm-Kaufman and Sandilos reiterate that positive teacher-student relationships draw students into the process of learning and promote their desire to learn. Thompson, C.S. All three studies found that that discipline plays an important role in students’ academic performance. They conducted a study in Texas, which sought in part to examine the influence of student-teacher relationships on student achievement in the primary grades. Kingston: Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative. The related issue is whether in the absence of care, human behavior veers off its ideal or desired path and, in the case of students, towards indiscipline, that undermines performance. Having regard to some of the pragmatic elements and implications of showing respect, and given the relationship between listening, on the one hand, and respect and sustainable development, respectively – on the other hand, it is recommended that schools be mandated to put in place or review internal structures for student participation in decision-making and the facilitation of student feedback on the processes of management of the school. The student teacher exhibits respect and consideration toward colleagues, particularly in team situations, supports colleagues' work and contributes an equal share to team efforts, The student teacher encourages and elicits interaction with parents and community and makes herself available to those constituencies when … 43–77). Solely improving students' relationships with their teachers will not produce gains in achievement. The instrument met content validity measures evidenced by the strengths of the correlations that were found among several variables, as well as possessed strong internal consistency with a C-Alpha .938. Noddings, N. (1984) Caring: A feminine approach to ethics and moral education. 1017015–1095). In undertaking the further exploration two new constructs emerged as prisms through which respect should be understood. He is a co-founder of theÂ, http://jamaica-gleaner.mobi/20090125/cleisure/cleisure6.php, The Construct of ‘Respect’ in Teacher-Student Relationships: Exploring Dimensions of Ethics of Care and Sustainable Development. This research has, however, uncovered some imbalances in the practices of decision- making, and attention to the concern of some students when perceptions are examined from perspectives of gender, school location, and school type. Ullman reports that the modality of her engagement with students was predicated on active listening to each student’s story. Mutual respect in the classroom encompasses more than the interaction between students and the teacher. The foregoing situation depicts an education system in crisis. Hamre, B. K., & Pianta, R. C. (2001). Knoell found, among other things, that the things that students valued most included active listening, which is an act of showing respect. Students also reported that lack of commitment and indifference on the part of teachers negatively affected the teaching and learning process. Dunkley, A. Sustainability, well-being, and economic growth. Minding Nature, 5(2), 32–39. The act of showing respect, and the expectations students have of it, inform the degree of respect that students have for their principals and teachers. The communication of high expectations is an important climate-defining characteristic. Males were generally less of the view that their leaders showed interest in their concern, and thus, by extension, listened to them. A learning environment that is created with positive student-teacher relationships is one in which there is a mutual respect between teacher and students. Thus not only did students respect her more but they also grew to respect each other. When our students fail, we, as teachers, too, have failed." World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). The first was that notions of disrespect ranked highly as both catalysts and manifestations of violence. The relationship between a student and teacher is, from the teacher's perspective, a professional one. Two of the schools were located in rural Jamaica and the other two in the capital city, Kingston; two schools were unisex and two co-ed. In R. Gunnar & L. A. Sroufe (Eds. Being a role model means that being someone that students can look up to. Make first impressions count. Data used in this study were drawn from primary and secondary sources and were gathered in various years ending in 2017 with the latest set of data dated 2015. Influence of student-teacher and parent-teacher relationships on lower achieving readers’ engagement and achievement in the primary grades. Journal of educational psychology, 99(1), 39. Research Question # 4: Support in the Literature for the Relationship between Respect and Ethics of Care and Sustainable Development. The final research question sought to explore whether there is support in the scientific literature for characterizing teachers’ and principals’ display of respect as being related to the ethics of care and sustainable development. Empirical studies consistent with notions of the impact of teacher-pupil relationships on learning, behaviour and attendance have been conducted by Sakiz &Woolfolk-Hoy (2009) and Gorard & See (2011). The evidence from the two studies suggests that the two types of respect, unilateral and mutual, are distinctive depending on the grade and the relationship, and are coexistent … A case study of an urban high school English class: Encouraging academic engagement by creating a culture of respect. Cohen et al., (2011) argue that improving school climate means measuring the level of respect and then using that information to improve the quality of school life. If the desired outcomes of the teacher-student relationship as realized then students are likely to become more responsible and productive citizens who are better able to meet their socio-economic needs, while helping the society to meet the needs of others, and ultimately being less of a drain on the environment. Cohen et al., emphasize what respect means noting that it involves actually listening to students, showing regard for their feelings and taking steps to make them part of the school by engaging them in helping to solve some of the problems facing the school. This assertion is applicable to all contexts in which people share common interests and destinies, and therefore applicable to the teaching and learning environment of schools. It is against the background of the established position that listening lies at the root of a host of positive outcomes of teacher-student relationships that this study seeks to explore Jamaican students’ perspectives on listening and its relationship to their assessment of the quality of the leadership of their schools. So, the problems of the students are to be discussed with the parents of the concerned students. United Kingdom: Routledge. The instrument used to collect the primary data was pilot tested twice as well as reviewed by a three-person panel. Respect thus begets respect as Meador (2016) affirms and mutually respectful engagements between teacher and student will result in facilitation of involvement in decision- making, which is an expression of ‘hearing from the other’ as well as responsiveness to correction which is a form of deference shown to the views of the other. The qualitative method in this study is derived from a constructivist … Without a good teacher-student relationship it is very hard for the teachings to unfold … Table 1. Correlations between Listening and Respect, My principal shows interest in students’ concerns. In a compelling article entitled “Improving Students’ Relationships with Teachers to Provide Essential Supports for Learning” the authors argued that improving students’ relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both students’ academic and social development. This difference was significant given that African American students had generally less supportive relationships with teachers. Held, D. (2006). Models of democracy. Gorard, S., & See, B. H. (2011). Similarly, Thompson (1998) suggests that the most effective tool that a teacher possesses in his or her efforts to foster a favorable learning climate is a positive relationship with our students. According to Zehm and Kottler (1993), students will never truly trust or open themselves up to hear what teachers have to say unless they sense that their teachers value and respect them. The paper seeks further to examine the implications of the mode of teacher-student engagement for ethics of care and sustainable development. It is equally critical that students see that you follow through when boundaries are … The Centre for Visionary Leadership asserts that the most effective visionary leaders are responsive to the real needs of people. The consequences of greater engagement in academic activity have implications for sustainable development as has been shown above. Macaulay S. (2010). Are you a good role model? Think: Cranfield. In R. Davies & L. Down (Eds. Bring in Your Homework Repeatedly not bringing in assigned work also gives the impression that the student does not care about the class. Feminist ethics as moral grounding for stakeholder theory. Business ethics quarterly, 6(02), 133–147. Give respect and take respect is a social policy… But in a student and teacher’s relation, it changes to “give affection & attention and take respect … The instrument was administered in four locations with the assistance of teachers from each school. The goal is to restore respect so that teachers can … Notwithstanding the focus on the third dimension, however, the other elements of sustainable development are considered in the discourse. Fundamental to the preservation of the common interests, spaces, and relationships that people share, are mutually respectful relationships. Respect Quotes. The study was designed to determine the role of student-teacher relationships in the lives of fifth graders. Sustainable Development. The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in its 1987 publication, in relying on the seminal definition of sustainable development as articulated by the Brundtland Commission, restates that sustainable development is the ability to make development capable of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Both the sample size and its representativeness support the generalizability of the findings. They thus conclude that in order to foster positive teacher-student relations and improve student discipline teachers should seek to show respect to students. The importance of respect, as part of the process of leadership, is not confined to the world of business and to adults. Mutual Respect Between Students and Teachers Essay Essay on Classroom Scenarios. They concede that the existence of positive relationships between teachers and students will not by itself result in academic gains, but that those students who benefit from close, positive and supportive relationships with their teachers will attain higher levels of achievement than those students with more conflict in their relationships. Ullman, J. L. (1997). Virginia: ASCD. A further feature of the research of Hughes and Kwok was striking. Duke, D. L. (1990). The sequence of impact factors, as outlined above, is striking. Violence in Jamaican schools and the implications for teacher education. Kohn, A. This study is significant for at least three reasons, namely: Burton and Dunn (1996) assert that ‘ethics of care’ refer to ideas concerning both nature and morality. Thompson, C.S. Agenda 21 is explicit in its affirmation that the nurturing of attitudes of tolerance and respect for other people’s cultures is an important pillar in sustainable development. Given the established relationship between the quality of relationships, generally, and teacher-student relationships specifically, on the one hand, and sustainable development, on the other, it is recommended that teacher training programmes include courses and other competence-building activities related to sustainable development. It is essential that teachers set the tone early by establishing clear expectations and practicing class procedures. A teacher is a bridge between the students and their parents. Parents usually indulge their children, but as students, they must realize that what is acceptable at home is not acceptable in school, especially the way that they treat teacher. Zehm, S. J., & Kotter, J. Unlike other philosophical principles that hold that there are absolutes, ethic of care asserts that there is no universal truth. Those teachers that show respect towards their students and a keenness to help them through their difficulties become the object of respect themselves and trigger a drive among students to learn and make their teachers proud. Academic Papers on Information Technology, Mutual Respect between Teachers and Students, on Mutual Respect between Teachers and Students, Research Paper on the Importance of Diversity in Healthcare, Assignment on Differences Between Code of Ethics, Essay: The Consequences of Global Warming, Essay: Healthy Eating Requirements for Athletes. Respect. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2015 Edition). Students’ expectations of what respect involves includes their being allowed to participate in some decision-making processes, attention being shown to their concerns, and care being extended to students who are underperforming. The facilitation of involvement in decision-making, attention to others’ concerns (particularly when those others have less organizational power) and reaching out to vulnerable or at-risk members of the community are actions which are not only likely to result in improved cooperation and performance but increase the probability of sustainable development. Setting goals for professional development. Educational Leadership, 47(8), 71–75. Students, parents, the institution itself, and the public desire the best learning outcomes. In addition of the foregoing correlations, the variable ‘respect’ accounted for 21.489% of the variation in the data. Montreal: In annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Ministry of Education Statistics, (2015, May). Child month fact – Suspensions and expulsions: A cause for concern. Retrieved from http://digjamaica.com/blog/2015/05/26/child-month- fact-suspensions-and-expulsions-a-cause-for-concern/National Education Inspectorate. 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