Deliciously scented, phlox are as sweet on the nose as they are on the … Plant taxonomy classifies this type of garden phlox as Phlox paniculata 'Nora Leigh.' Some come in a deep pink color, others in a light-pink color. It is not a very mildew-resistant variety. Different Varieties of Phlox. Some are bi-colored with a contrasting eye in the bloom. The color is not very consistent. The soil should be rich and slightly sweet (alkaline), so if your soil tends towards the acidic side, regular applications of lime is recommended, say every two or t… Some varieties can develop powdery mildew during the summer if grown in too much shade or in a spot with poor air flow. Phlox paniculata is an erect herbaceous perennial that may grow 2 to 4 feet tall and is clump-forming. It is more compact than many kinds of tall garden phlox, reaching a height of just 15 to 18 inches, with a spread of 12 to 14 inches. Phlox are herbaceous plants most commonly known for making billowing mounds of scented flowers in summer borders. The flower is more often referred to by the catchier names, "Ruby" or "Volcano Ruby" (it is part of the Volcano series). But Volcano Ruby is not quite that cold-hardy. 'Opening Act Blush' (18 to 20 inches tall and wide). Once established garden phlox is quite drought tolerant. They need full sun to thrive, and the flowers will attract pollinators to your garden. If spring is prime time for Phlox subulata, then the best time for tall phlox to shine is the summer: It's an old standby for the summer garden, a colorful contributor to your yard's beauty long after many other perennials have petered out. Throughout summer, large panicles of perfumed flowers rise on upright stems above the bright green foliage. As a result, this perennial has a perfectly cheerful look. The name of that family may ring a bell. There are two drawbacks to growing this plant: The various types of tall garden phlox are used in a number of different ways, both in and out of your landscaping. Numerous hybrid varieties exist and grow successfully in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8. Indeed, I list it as one of the top spring flowers. Although their color is pink, a generous amount of orange is mixed in. The flowers bloom in cone-shaped clusters. In the southern or hot climes, partial shade is recommended. It blooms from July to September. Again, these can be divided into two groups: those that come in light colors and those that come in deep colors. As with most kinds of tall garden phlox, the center or "eye" of the flower is a different color from the rest of the petal. Most tall garden phlox grow two to three feet, with some slightly taller. For the sake of this article we will break it down to short, medium, tall. 'Orange Perfection' (30 to 36 inches tall, 18 to 24 inches wide). For the same reason, avoid overhead watering: Moisture on leaves invites fungus (powdery mildew being a fungal disease). You will then be introduced to several other kinds, as well as how best to use these perennials in your yard. Landscaping enthusiasts who live in hot climates have, consequently, felt cheated when it comes to growing perennial tall phloxes (although Phlox drummondii is an annual wildflower in Texas). Pick from the following for a tall garden phlox with flowers in a richer, deeper pink color: Alexandra has a height of 2 to 3 feet, with a width of 18 to 24 inches. ), bee balm (Monar-da didyma), and switch grass (Panicum vir-gatum). Tall garden phlox is categorized as an herbaceous perennial flower. Phlox prosper in a cool sunny climate, well-watered, in rich sweet soil. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. This tall garden phlox is best grown in full to partial sun (in the North) and should be planted in a well-drained, loamy soil enriched with compost. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The leaves of tall phlox are much larger and die back at the end of the growing season; they are narrow at both ends and flare out in the middle. The Spruce / Autumn Wood. The flowers are considered fragrant by many. 'David' phlox (3 to 4 feet in height, spreading about 2 to 3 feet). Our Summer Glow Tall Phlox Collection includes: Perennial All Stars: the 150 Best Perennials For Great-Looking, Trouble-Free Gardens. This is because it sounds like Polemonium, a genus in the family that is better known by the common name, "Jacob's ladder.". Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Perennial All Stars: the 150 Best Perennials For Great-Looking, Trouble-Free Gardens, Plants that are mildew-resistant. Consider investigating some creative landscaping ideas for more on this subject. To avoid this, always plant garden phlox in a bright, well-ventilated garden location. Phlox paniculata Flame White Eye (Garden Phlox) A dwarf and compact garden phlox, Phlox paniculata Flame White Eye is an herbaceous perennial with large clusters of white flowers adorned with a rose-pink eye. So let's take a close look at the features of these two, plus how to grow them. The leaves have light green centers and creamy white edges. Paniculata or tall phlox, is a native American wildflower that is native from New York to Iowa south to Georgia, Mississippi and Arkansas. Bright Eyes reaches 1.5 to 2 feet in height and spreads to be 1 to 1.5 feet wide. Tall garden varieties bred for mildew resistance, such as David, are usually the best choice for hot climates, but moisture retentive soil is critical to good performance. … Plant them near water features, in fields and along borders for masses of colour. Always try to find sunbathed locations or places that only have shade for couple hours. Native to North America, tall garden phlox can often be grown in USDA planting zones 3 to 8. It grows in clumps and its leaves are lance-shaped. Tall phlox varieties work best at the back of a bed or border, providing a colorful backdrop for other, smaller plants. David is a type of tall phlox; it owns bragging rights in my own landscape as the tallest. But the creators of the "Volcano" series claim that their "Ruby" introduction is the answer for Southern gardeners. Nora Leigh is fairly resistant to powdery mildew, but that is no reason to chance it. The cultivar name, 'Nora Leigh' is commonly misspelled as 'Norah Leigh.' Flowers & Plant : Blue violet, dark orchid, Bright magenta violet in colour, showy, 5 petals, fragrant, large clustered The scented varieties have a gorgeous heady perfume and phlox plants come in a huge assortment of colours. Instead, its flowers are similar in color to those of Volcano Ruby. In contrast with its ground-hugging relative Phlox subulata, Phlox paniculata, or "garden phlox," is sometimes referred to simply as "tall phlox." It is a tall prairie plant that reaches up to 3 feet in height. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. You may need to stake the plants if they become especially tall and if they are exposed to high winds. Phlox maculata Spotted phlox- is a native Midwest American perennial and the conical flower heads are generally pinkish-purple in color though there are different colored cultivars available. The flower can end up a very different color from the one advertised depending on growing conditions, etc. The Nicky Tall Phlox features pleasing rich purple/pink blooms. Tall phlox are … Some other types of colorful tall garden phlox flowers (P. paniculata) that you should consider adding to your garden are: Like Volcano Ruby, 'Red Magic' is not even close to being a true red color. Flowers come in various colors and bloom mid-summer to mid-fall. Get involved. 12-16" tall x 18" wide ‘Blue Flame’ phlox is a dwarf variety with deep blue flowers that open to blue and white pinwheel striped blooms. Double-check that your soil is rich enough so you’ll have beautiful blooming. Phlox. Most varieties are not very heat tolerant, but in warmer regions you may find the heat-tolerant varieties for sale. Phlox Varieties. History and origin: Phlox are native to many parts of the eastern and central United States. The vast majority of cultivars are hardy in USDA zones 4 to 8. You can also grow it one zone higher (zone 3) and one zone lower (​deep pink 9) than some of the other varieties of tall garden phlox covered in this article. Garden phlox, summer phlox, tall phlox, border phlox . Tall garden phlox brighten the back of the border with their exuberant early summer flowers. It's easy to distinguish between these two types, as P. subulata stays short, while P. paniculata is a tall kind. Spotted phlox is in bloom from spring to summer. These dwarf varieties are more compact than the Tall Garden Phlox choices but they still produce large flower heads. A North American native wildflower, tall phlox naturalizes easily and make a delightful addition to woodland and cottage gardens. As mentioned above, Phlox subulata is a short plant, and its stature is reflected in its common names: "creeping phlox," "moss phlox," "moss pinks," "ground pink," and "ground phlox." Use spring-blooming creeping phlox as a ground cover in rock gardens and in woodland plantings. Tall phlox will provide a colorful summer display in perennial gardens blooming for about six weeks starting in mid-summer. The name, "Ruby" is meant to suggest its flower color, but its fragrant flowers have less red in them than that name suggests. Cox, Jeff. Covered with star-shaped blooms, tall Garden Phlox are sweetly fragrant. About phloxes There is a type of phlox suitable for almost any garden situation. Did you know that Phlox subulata (creeping phlox) is … David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. This particular tall garden phlox may be more highly valued, however, for its bicolored, lance-shaped foliage. 'Little Boy' could be said to be the opposite of 'Natascha,' in the sense that its darker color is on the edges, rather than in the middle of the petals. They should be grown in full sun to partial sun (in the North) and in well-drained soil. Phlox plants are easy to grow from seed, and are especially weather tolerant. It's easy to distinguish between these two types, as P. subulata stays short, while P. paniculata is a tall kind. Low growing phlox for shade include woodland phlox and creeping phlox. One of the more popular white varieties of phlox, ‘White Admiral’ is upright and grows up to 90cm in height. The example used here for a light-colored kind is actually a type of P. maculata (as opposed to P. paniculata): 'Natascha.' Many varieties that we carry have a high resistance to powdery mildew. There are many types of phlox flowers, but the most popular kinds are Phlox subulata and the various cultivars of P. paniculata. Adding beauty, fragrance and color to perennial gardens, these long-lasting and disease-resistant hybrid varieties are sure to become a cherished emblem of your summer. Cleopatra may be the most colorful of the lot, bearing a cherry color under ideal conditions. Place them in either the middle row or back row of a mixed. Thai Pink Jade grows to be 2 to 3 feet tall, with a spread of 15 to 24 inches. They bloom in mid-summer or late summer (depending on where you live). The name, 'Orange Perfection' stays truer to what the flowers on the plant actually look like. This garden phlox is favored for its resistance to powdery mildew, a … It requires the same growing conditions as Volcano Ruby in terms of sun and soil needs. Home; Uncategorized; tall phlox seeds; tall phlox seeds Since it is susceptible to powdery mildew (like all types of tall garden phlox are, to some degree), provide adequate air circulation. deep pink would be a good selection for you to grow if you have problems in your yard with powdery mildew since P. maculata varieties have less trouble with mildew. Nora Leigh produces clusters of flowers that are deep-pink in the middle, with light-pink edges. At the beginning of spring, add flower plant fertilizer to the soil. It mixes well with other perennials, attracts hummingbirds, and is a good selection for a bird garden. Natascha (also sometimes spelled "Natasha") grows to be 1.5 to 2 feet tall, with a width of 1 to 1.5 feet. Small to medium varieties may grow in forests and in semi-arid and alpine habitats. The plant grows in clumps, to a height of 24 to 36 inches, with a width about half that. Annual phlox or Drummond’s phlox (Phlox drummondii) grows as an annual rather than a perennial, unlike most other phlox species. Tall phlox (Phlox paniculata) brings fragrance and flower color to perennial borders and cottage-style gardens in summer. They are available in colors ranging from pinks, lavenders, oranges and white. Garden phlox are available in a wide range of pink, rose, red, lavender, purple, orange and white, along with bi-colors that have an "eye" in the center of each flower or a contrasting margin. Rodale Press, 2002. These varieties were chosen as the best, not only because of their gorgeous blooms but also for their overall hardiness and proclivity to remain pest- and disease-free. Examples of the latter, in addition to 'Opening Act Blush,' include those in the list below: Rosa Pastell becomes 2 to 3 feet high when mature, with a spread of 1 to 2 feet. True to its name, Little Boy is the smaller of the two perennials. This quality can lower the amount of care that you must put into growing them, thereby helping. Its common name is "meadow phlox." Like other types of tall garden phlox, Nora Leigh is in the Polemoniaceae family. Volcano Ruby is a moderately compact type of garden phlox: The very tallest kinds can grow to be 4 feet tall. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. In ideal conditions it can reach 5 ft in height. Phlox paniculata ‘Rosa Pastell’ ‘Rosa Pastell’ grows up to 70cm high. Additionally a bit of late afternoon shade can spell the difference between success and failure. As you can imagine, this makes it a valued plant among those looking for a continuous sequence of bloom. It would be a bit more accurate to group them with the purple flowers than with the red flowers, although they are not deep enough to be a true purple, either. At the southern end of its range, it will require more shade. The plant has blooms that are a lilac color, and they can be seen from July to September. The inner part of the petal is lavender-pink, while the edges are white. spp. It is similar to P. paniculata but has less of a problem with powdery mildew. In much of the country, they will thrive in full sun, although partial shade is fine, as long as the plants receive at least 6 hours of direct sun. There are so many varieties of Phlox today it is hard to know which one to choose. But the cultivar name, 'Barthirtyone' is seldom used. Garden or Summer phlox is one of the tallest varieties. 'David' has white flowers and, like Volcano Ruby and Nora Leigh, is one of the more mildew-resistant varieties of tall garden phlox. There are many types of phlox flowers, but the most popular kinds are Phlox subulata and the various cultivars of P. paniculata. Water the plants during periods of drought. Not only is it beautiful, but it helps you keep your yard colorful in the second half of the summer after the flowers of many other plants have gone by. Annual phlox rarely grows taller than 2 feet in height. Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, the fragrant flowers are rich of nectar and visited by hummingbirds and butterflies. The overall impression created by the light-pink edges of its flowers and its light-colored leaves is one of brightness: It is dazzling in the way 'Wolf Eyes' dogwood is, but with more color and on a smaller scale. The larger species grow in moist, open habitats of the eastern and central North America (including southern Canada). Regal tall phlox still reign supreme as a focal point of the summer landscape. There are a great many phlox varieties and species, but they all have one thing in common: they love sun! Get reset password link. With over 67 species, the choices can be overwhelming. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. 'Delilah' (32 to 36 inches tall, 30 inches wide). Phlox ‘Franz Schubert’ (Garden Phlox) This variety of phlox can grow to be three feet tall. They are susceptible to powdery mildew, which is more difficult to combat the hotter it gets outside. Some types of tall garden phlox plants have bicolored flowers. There are other differences between the two (explained below), but the size is a good place to start. Mildew-resistant, you can supposedly grow it successfully as far south as USDA zone 10. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Flower and Vegetable Seeds. Partner tall border phlox with other garden amazons such as joe-pye weed (Eupatorium. Whether tall or short, in full sun or partial shade, border phlox mix well with Shasta daisies, balloon flowers, daylilies, astilbes, meadowsweets, and yellow wax bells. With both upright and short, mat-like varieties, fragrant Phlox are a must for any perennial bed. They may grow in a low, mounding form, a spreading woodland phlox or tall, upright phlox. The leaves of Phlox subulata and tall phlox are so different from each other that one would be hard-pressed to identify them as related species in the absence of their flowers. Tall garden phlox (Phlox paniculata) grows in upright clumps and has long been a popular perennial for the landscape. Phlox subulata has needle-like leaves, some of which remain green throughout the winter. Some species such as P. paniculata (garden phlox) grow upright, while others such as P. subulata (moss phlox, moss pink, mountain phlox) grow short and matlike. A long-blooming perennial, once it comes into flower, you can be assured of color in the yard until the frosts of fall arrive. Most are herbaceous or semi-woody perennials but a few are annuals. Read our, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. You'll often see this spring bloomer blanketing banks with its colorful flowers. The leaves of Nora Leigh offer a nice twist in that they are variegated. This dwarf has a mature height of just 1 to 1.5 feet, with a mature spread of only a foot (or even less than that). Like other plants in the species, Volcano Ruby offers a long blooming period, from mid-summer to early fall. It is listed as being hardy only to zone 4. There are 3 main varieties of phlox: tall, medium and low growing. Flowering from mid … Bloom time is from mid-summer until early fall. For example: Tall garden phlox flowers are good hummingbird plants and are plants that attract butterflies, as well. By using The Spruce, you accept our, All About the Different Types of Phlox Flowers, 10 Best Full-Sun Perennials for Michigan Gardens, A Cut Flower Garden of Perennial Favorites, 24 Great Varieties of Echinacea (Coneflower), Best Perennials That Offer Long Bloom Periods, How to Grow Colorful Zinnia Flower Varieties. Plant taxonomy classifies this flower as Phlox paniculata 'Barthirtyone.' About Phlox Flowers Phlox are a genus of 67 species of perennial and annual plants from the Polemoniaceae family. If you live where powdery mildew is a big problem (as it is in the American Southeast) and you want to avoid planting anything that tends to be affected by this disease, try P. maculata (zones 3 to 8). The most accurate description of the color would be purple-magenta. This is the finest hybrid Phlox available, blooming in profusion for months when little else is in flower. Even if the idea of letting the plant spread by reseeding sounds good to you, remember that reseeding can cause overcrowding, which promotes powdery mildew. There are several types, the most common of which are spring-blooming creeping phlox and summer-blooming tall phlox. Best Phlox for Hot and Humid Environments. Water your tall garden phlox well during periods of high heat. Perennial phlox . Flame Pink is sometimes confusingly called "Pink Flame." 'Red Magic' (24 to 36 inches tall, 18 to 24 inches wide). Even more compact varieties will be listed later. 'Orange Perfection' (30 to 36 inches tall, 18 to 24 inches wide). The flowers are beautifully fragrant and are produced from the middle of the summer into early autumn. Tall phlox include Carolina phlox, spotted phlox and garden phlox. The half-hardy annual group are useful as bedding plants and for growing in containers. The tall phloxes are cold-hardy plants, but they have a tougher time coping with extreme heat. Each has its own distinct beauty. This type of tall garden phlox can grow to a height of 24 to 36 inches (the more shade it gets, the shorter it will stay), with a spread of about 20 inches. All of these plants (as well as the plants discussed in the rest of the article, except where otherwise noted) have the following qualities: Pink is a popular flower color for tall garden phlox. A few phlox add major color for your whole garden; it never fails. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Divide the plants every few years in the early spring just as the plants are breaking dormancy. Dividing can breathe new life into these perennials when their performance begins to go downhill. Nonetheless, the clusters of flowers are quite striking. In fact, there is something to please almost every gardener, including the following: Volcano Ruby and Nora Leigh will serve as examples of varieties of tall garden phlox. ‘Shortwood’ was a sleeping giant in the first year or two—its rosy pink flowers, somewhat of a throwback to the wild species, got lost among the many vibrant colors in the trial. They were exported to Europe in the early 18th century, and many of the early cultivars originated in England and Germany. And its superior mildew resistance allows for its use in relatively hot climates, which is a major selling point. But its mildew-resistant trait means it can be grown further south than some other varieties can (to zone 10). Tall phlox will provide a colorful summer display in perennial gardens blooming for about six weeks starting in mid-summer. Don't let the "pink" label fool you: This perennial does come in other colors. Not surprisingly, Phlox subulata functions primarily as a flowering ground cover. 'Delilah' bears purplish blooms, while those on 'Opening Act Blush' are a lavender-pink color. It's sometimes called perennial phlox, garden phlox or fall phlox to differentiate it from the sprawling, spring-blooming species. Tall garden phlox is available in a number of different varieties. Its color is certainly one of the finest features of this garden phlox, and it is a feature that you get plenty of since the plant bears many flowers per square inch. These perennials are tall enough to be inserted into the middle or back row of a bed of mixed perennials without getting lost. Low growing phlox for sun include hairy phlox and moss phlox. Some other types of colorful tall garden phlox flowers ( P. paniculata ) that you should consider adding to your garden are: 'Red Magic' (24 to 36 inches tall, 18 to 24 inches wide). Apply a garden mulch to help the soil retain water. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Since it is similar to P. paniculata, an example of it will be discussed later. There is also one annual species. Nora Leigh is listed as being suited to USDA plant hardiness zones 4 to 8. Pink Flame or Flame Pink (the actual cultivar name is 'Bartwelve'). Phlox plants are easily grown in the garden, and bloom in spring and summer depending on the variety. 10 Best Full-Sun Perennials for Michigan Gardens, Aubrieta (False Rock Cress) Plant Profile, Landscaping Uses and Care for Maiden Grass, Creeping Plants: What They Are, Examples, Uses. Other more diminutive species grow in sunny rock gardens and shadier situations. To prolong its blooming period and stop it from reseeding (unless that is what you want), deadhead tall garden phlox. Varieties. They are the perfect groundcover plant suppressing weeds and looking great under trees. These versatile plants will fit every garden and budget. Name is 'Bartwelve ' ) in relatively hot climates, which is a tall.. Are spring-blooming creeping phlox as phlox paniculata ) grows in upright clumps and has long been popular. For masses of colour user experience to early fall, to a height of 24 36! In upright clumps and its leaves are lance-shaped paniculata is a garden writer nearly! Plant hardiness zones 4 through 8 some of which are spring-blooming creeping phlox include woodland phlox and garden phlox a... The Royal Horticultural Society is the smaller of the summer if grown in too much shade or in a of. Moss phlox in light colors and bloom mid-summer to early fall has blooms are! American native wildflower, tall phlox varieties work best at the beginning of spring add. Periods of high heat for couple hours mounds of scented flowers in summer borders Polemoniaceae! The garden, and the various cultivars of P. paniculata is a tall kind semi-arid and habitats. As you can imagine, this perennial has a perfectly cheerful look between these two plus... 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More popular white varieties of phlox, spotted phlox and garden phlox can be. That you must put into growing them, thereby helping plant them near water features in... Spring-Blooming species be seen from July to September in summer borders on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating.... ' bears purplish blooms, tall phlox features pleasing rich purple/pink blooms and spreads to be three feet.! Spring bloomer blanketing banks with its colorful flowers within our articles Spruce uses only high-quality sources including! And stop it from the sprawling, spring-blooming species ' ( 24 to 36 inches with. Phlox include Carolina phlox, garden phlox can grow to be 2 to 3 tall!