While that led to a book very dense in archeological minutiae for the general audience, I truly enjoyed it and appreciate the work. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World - David W. Anthony Audiobook - Download Free Books I was really excited to read this book to understand the origins of the Indo-European languages and especially the shared culture and mythology of ancient Greeks, Romans, Vikings and modern Hindus. He muses on the “deep-rooted, intransigent traditions of opposition” that existed along the Ural River frontier, slowing the spread of herding and the cultural innovations that went with it. The first half of this book does a decent job of describing the basics of historical reconstruction of language and understanding linguistic change within cultural landscapes (with a few sociolinguistic over-generalizations and gaffes). Be the first to ask a question about The Horse, the Wheel, and Language. In “The Horse, the Wheel, and Language,” David W. Anthony argues that we speak English not just because our parents taught it to us but because wild horses used to roam the steppes of central Eurasia, because steppe-dwellers invented the spoked wheel and because poetry once had real power. However, this book is first and foremost a book of archaeology. There are descriptions of how the development of horse herding and a nomadic lifestyle probably led to a patrilineal, male-centered society where brothers worked together to keep their herd safe from raids by other tribes, and how that is reflected in religious myths that have been reconstructed from descendant myths from later Indo-European cultures. The book features excellent notes and bibliography and extensive maps and illustrations. Using a synthesis of linguistics and many recent additions to the archaeological record from Russia and other Central Asian countries, Anthony attempts to answer the lingering questions of the Proto-Indo-European languages: "namely, who spoke it, where was it spoken and when. The Rocking-Horse Winner essays are academic essays for citation. by Princeton University Press, The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. If I had an academic background in archeology, I would like have gotten more out of the book. I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book. Tami Charles is a former teacher and the author of picture books, middle grade and young adult novels, and nonfiction. Although it has a lot of promise and some great tit bits it is just too entirely academic and unless your a linguist or anthropologist I don't see you reading all of it either. Educated in an era when the Tigris-Euphrates "Fertile Crescent") region was credited with the invention of the chariot, this work's most fascinating contribution to our understanding of world history to me was the identification of the Pontic-Caspian steppes as the origin of horse-riding about 4200-4000 BCE, and the invention of wheeled vehicles around 3300 BCE. That theory looked a lot more plausible in 2007, when this book was published. As a result, Anthony writes, the question of its origins was “politicized almost from the beginning.” Numerous groups, ranging from the Nazis to adherents of the “goddess movement” (who saw the Indo-Europeans as bellicose invaders who upended a feminine utopia), have made self-interested claims about the Indo-European past. I'm interested in archaeology, but my eyes were crossing while trying to read some of the middle portion. I gave this one start because I didn't finish it, I couldn't get through it. Most of the languages of Europe and western Asia can be traced back to a common ancestor spoken several thousand years ago termed Proto-Indo-European. Agreeing with Mallory on most points, Anthony does a good job of suggesting a mechanism for the spread of Proto-Indo-European and for its differentation into regional languages. Roughly half the world's population speaks languages derived from a shared linguistic source known as Proto-Indo-European. Though parts of the book will be penetrable only by scholars, it lays out in intricate detail the complicated genealogy of history’s most successful language. It certainly is as clo. This book is a very dense look at who the Proto-Indo-Europeans might have been (or probably were, in my opinion), looking at both the historical linguistics and the archeology. The Amazon Book Review Book … Still - a good primer. This is a fascinating study. David W. Anthony, The Horse, The Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders From the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. The way some words group together in Proto-Indo-European shows that its speakers believed in a male sky god, respected chiefs and appointed official warriors. Proto-Indo-European speakers: Invading hordes or back-slapping cultural salesmen? This rather technical overview of recent archaeological and linguistic scholarship sheds important light on the mysterious Proto-Indo-European-speaking Bronze Age cultures and offers a tentative picture of their development and spread across the Steppes until they impacted an area stretching between Western China and Atlantic Ocean. New Books The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World . This was MUCH more than I bargained for. [Jamaican is not a dialect or creole, it is a proper language with its grammar, but other than linguistics everyone, Jamaicans included think it is a bit of a low-class, uneducated dialect of English. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language lifts the veil that has long shrouded these original Indo-European speakers, and reveals how their domestication of horses and use of the wheel spread language and transformed civilization. I think it's probably a pretty good book of archaeology, but I found myself less than completely interested in analyses of grave sites, ratios of different animal bones and the wear on horse teeth caused by bits. Very edifying for the armchair archaeologist. But who were the early speakers of this ancient mother tongue, and how did they manage to spread it around the globe? He ties up what we know about the original Indo-European language with actual archaeological studies in the Steppes of Russia, probably their ancestral home. David W. Anthony, The Horse, The Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders From the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Since these 'rules' are consistent within a language, it is possible to work backwards from a present sound to one that. Now, not so much. Having a communications degree I might be more interested in the origin of words and language than most but this book is a lab. See more ideas about language, historical maps, language map. Princeton Tec University Press. This rather technical overview of recent archaeological and linguistic scholarship sheds important light on the mysterious Proto-Indo-European-speaking Bronze Age cultures and offers a tentative picture of their development and spread across the Steppes until they impacted an area stretching between Western China and Atlantic Ocean. But who were the early speakers of this ancient mother tongue, and how did they manage to spread it around the globe? Anthony has rendered a great service in making available information on the archaeology of the Bronze Age cultures of the Pontic-Caspian and Eurasian steppes contained in Russian language publications. Many of the illustrations, however, are adapted from other publications and lack sufficient accompanying information to be useful for anything other than giving a general impression of the artifacts included i. Anthony has rendered a great service in making available information on the archaeology of the Bronze Age cultures of the Pontic-Caspian and Eurasian steppes contained in Russian language publications. This is not the popular history I was hoping for. I think if you were to memorize it that alone might qualify for a graduate degree. Chariots used in warfare utterly changed world history, so dating their appearance is important because it helps us understand so many other bits and pieces we have of ancient history in the region (including Indian and Chinese history). Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. - Volume 32 Issue 3 - Timothy May The exact population who spoke this language has long been cause for speculation. There is a lot of parsing of evidence that is probably very exciting for archaeologists, but not the kind of grand narratives I had hoped to find. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Rocking-Horse Winner by D. H. Lawrence. It is known as Proto-Indo-European, and it was spoken around 3500 B.C. This was a fascinating book. Genetic evidence developed since then shows that PIE speakers (known to archaeologists as the Yamnaya) expanded rapidly out of the Eurasian steppe and quickly replaced most of the people then living in western Euro. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2007. Publisher. Where Proto-Indo-European came from and who originally spoke it has been a mystery ever since Sir William Jones, a British judge and scholar in India, posited its existence in the late 18th century. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language” brings together the work of historical linguists and archaeologists, researchers who have traditionally been suspicious of one another’s methods. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Great Books to Give the Kids This Holiday. I'd like to start my review of the book with part of the last sentence of the last chapter of the book:"...in the invisible and fleeting sound of our speech we preserve for a future generation of linguists many details of our present world." Later, they became skilled warriors whose spoked-wheel chariots sped them to battle and spread their language even farther. A much more compelling story than the history of our "genes", this books traces the evolution of the common cultural and linguistic roots of societies as diverse as the Lithuanians and the Iranians, the Indian sub-continent and the British Isles. The book features excellent notes and bibliography and extensive maps and illustrations. SEND A RESPONSE TO INBOX (Princeton University Press). David W. Anthony is an American Professor of Anthropology, specializing in Indo-European history and languages. “It is oddly ironic that capitalist archaeologists made the mode of production central to their definition of the Neolithic, and Marxist archaeologists ignored it.”, “The Rig Veda was a ritual canon, not a racial manifesto. Body language indicating chronic stress can be more difficult to distinguish, especially from that of a sick horse or a horse in pain, says McDonnell. (p.466). The middle bogs down a bit. Indo-European speakers into mobile herders and the steppes into a conduit for themselves and their language. Anthony goes with the salesman option (even likening PIE expansion to a franchise operation at one point). This is a great book if you want to learn more about the archaeology of the Proto-Indo-Europeans on the Russian Steppes. It’s a linguistic version of the rich getting richer, with the result that more than three billion people around the world today speak a descendant of this mother tongue. I have always been interested in the topic and this is the most balanced and comprehensive account I have come across. Extremely thorough on the archaeology (the number of cultures and 'horizons' is off the chart) with detailed explanations of horse tooth wear patterns, more pots than you can shake a stick at, pages of radiocarbon dating, words like caprine, onager, and einkorn, unknown minerals and gems, references to Siberian rivers... it is a miracle I made it through. This was a fascinating book. Author David Anthony reminds us that the oldest images in Near Eastern art of spoked wheels (which identifies chariots used in warfare from carts used for other more domestic purposes) appear about 1900 BCE, which leads us to the realization that chariots were developed first in the steppes, and "introduced to the Near East through Central Asia". Ok I seriously have to reread this book sometime - I listened to it on audio and some parts I think I zoned out for a min and then had noooo idea what was going on. ISBN: 978-0-691-5887-0 (hbk.). Anthony goes with the salesman option (even likening PIE expansion to a franchise operation at one point). The first and most intimate affiliations we have are the genetic ties we share with our family and the language we speak. Sep 1, 2014 - Map that shows the Eastern half of Europe, the Southern half of Russia, the Northern half of After about the first 80 pages I started skipping around using the section headings scanning for bits that interest me. Instant downloads of all 1383 LitChart PDFs (including A Horse and Two Goats). I think I've learned that while I find language and linguistics fascinating, archaeology just leaves me cold. I appreciate the author's herculean efforts to peg theory and conjecture on fact and evidence as much as possible. To see what your friends thought of this book, The initial chapters of this book are fascinating. All of the Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Celtic, Latin, Hellenic, Iranian and Sanskrit languages (among other families) are Indo-European, which means that Lithuanian, Polish, English, Welsh, French, Greek, Kurdish and Punjabi, to name just a few, descend from the same ancient tongue. To the point where I have thought about making a cliff-notes version removing the archaeological evidence and just having an uninterrupted narrative. Roughly half the world's population speaks languages derived from a shared linguistic source known as Proto-Indo-European. Welcome back. Many of the illustrations, however, are adapted from other publications and lack sufficient accompanying information to be useful for anything other than giving a general impression of the artifacts included in the kurgans of the various steppe cultures. “Aks.”. The impact of horses on the reach of language is particularly important to Anthony, and he conveys his excitement at working out whether ancient horses wore bits (and were therefore ridden by Proto-Indo-Europeans) by comparing their teeth to those of modern domesticated and wild horses. I got pointed towards this book due to its being cited a few times by Karen Armstrong in the The Great Transformation - particularly around Zoroaster being much earlier than I had previously heard and how parts of the Rig Veda are remnants of proto-Indo-European culture. [Update 1/11/2009: This is a couple of quick replies to James D and Etienne’s comments. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. There is a lot of parsing. By David W. Anthony ’71. Experts tell us one of the most compelling accounts for origin of the Indo-European languages put the place of birth the Steppes north and east of the Black Sea. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past. Disappointingly, the title is misleading as it covers almost nothing about the spread of Indo-Europeans outside of the steppes. Proto-Indo-European speakers: Invading hordes or back-slapping cultural salesmen? Anthony details a breathtaking range of scholarship, from the early linguistic chapters (which too tantalisingly brief) through frontier and migration theorists, to his own archaeology, to pull together his argued position for the development of a cohesive, culture in the Pontic Steppes, which pioneers horse domestication and the chariot warfare, and hence spreads (culture, not always people) outwards to dominate popular culture. It is a showcase for the integration of archaeological methods with broader linguistics and anthropology, as well as providing prehistoric detail that might have seemed impossible thirty years ago, reconstructing one of the most fascinating periods in human history. Even if you're not interested in language, this detail-rich volume has many threads for historians to follow; it is a monumental work for anyone. I got pointed towards this book due to its being cited a few times by Karen Armstrong in the The Great Transformation - particularly around Zoroaster being much earlier than I had previously heard and how parts of the Rig Veda are remnants of proto-Indo-European culture. LitCharts Teacher Editions. “The Horse, the Wheel, and Language” brings together the work of historical linguists and archaeologists, researchers who have traditionally been suspicious of one … One word for wheel sounded something like “roteh.” The word for axle? Perhaps the most important moment came with the domestication of horses, first accomplished around 4,800 years ago, at least 2,000 years after cattle, sheep, pigs and goats had been domesticated in other parts of the world. I think it's probably a pretty good book of archaeology, but I found myself less than completely interested in analyses of grave sites, ratios of different animal bones and the wear on horse teeth caused by bits. I did this because I was amused by facts such as the following: (a) the English word "sweat" and its Sanskrit cognate, ". The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past. I appreciate the author's herculean efforts to peg theory and conjecture on fact and evidence as much as possible. However, this book is first and foremost a book of archaeology. $35.00. "The Horse, the Wheel, and Language brings together the work of historical linguists and archaeologists, researchers who have traditionally been suspicious of each other's methods. After about the first 80 pages I started skipping around using the section headings scanning for bits that interest me. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. David W. Anthony's The Horse, The Wheel and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World (HWL), is a worthy addition to Indo-European scholarship. Genetic evidence developed since then shows that PIE speakers (known to archaeologists as the Yamnaya) expanded rapidly out of the Eurasian steppe and quickly replaced most of the people then living in western Europe. That theory looked a lot more plausible in 2007, when this book was published. The first 100 pages or so were great (because they mostly focused on linguistics), but after that it just got bogged down in too much technical detail (i.e. 3.5 stars _The Horse, the Wheel, and Language_ investigates the possible origins of the Proto-Indo-European language, the reconstructed language posited by philologists and historical linguists to be the mother tongue from which a host of modern languages were derived, including English, French, German, Italian, Punjabi, Spanish, Russian and Persian to mention only a few. The The Horse and His Boy Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and … They explain the rules of language sound - phonology - how one sound changes to another over time. When archaeologists explored … Although he is an archaeologist and not a linguist, he does a credible job of defining the PIE problem and in suggesting some new ways to understand it. 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